Timber-concrete composite (TCC) slabs play an essential role in modern timber construction. Consisting of a timber member in the tension zone, a concrete layer in the compression zone and a shear connection between the two parts, TCC slabs feature a number of advantages that make them ideally suitable for use in both office and residential buildings. However, currently used TCC slab systems carry loads only in one direction. In the frame of a large research project in cooperation with the industry, an innovative, light-weight, two-way spanning timber-concrete composite slab using beech laminated veneer lumber with steel tubes as connectors was developed. This paper presents the main results of the research project. First, the structural behaviour of the connection is characterised and discussed based on extensive experimental and analytical analysis. Second, the load-bearing behaviour of the TCC slab investigated in uniaxial bending tests is presented. The uniaxial bending tests showed a remarkably ductile global load-bearing behaviour due to the ductile failure mode in the connectors. A developed analytical model can describe the observed load-bearing behaviour of the tested TCC members accurately. Finally, the biaxial load-bearing behaviour of the TCC slab is characterised and discussed based on a large-scale experiment that allowed to perform static and dynamic tests on the same specimen in different support conditions. A substantial increase in stiffness and fundamental frequency in biaxial versus uniaxial support conditions was observed and accurately modelled, showing the great potential of the novel TCC slab.