Sustainability is now becoming a major concern in the modern construction industry. Despite being a major economic sector, the construction industry is causing adverse environmental impact. To this end, special attention should be paid to the selection of more "green" construction materials for structural applications. Therefore, a reasonable choice of construction materials can be made on the bases of acceptable structural performance, economic benefits, and sustainability. For instance, the use of composite beams made with traditional concrete and bio-based materials (such as timber and bamboo) is a valuable solution. Timber-Concrete Composite (TCC) beams have been used for decades in various structural applications such as new buildings, refurbishment of old timber structures, and bridges with several environmental benefits. Recently, different researchers proposed composite beams similar to TCC ones but based on engineered bamboo commonly named Bamboo-Concrete Composite (BCC) beams. This study presents comparison of the failure mode of the TCC and BCC beams udder fourpoint bending test. In particular, TCCs beams are compared with BCC ones considering similar shear connectors.