Palm trees are a family of plants with hundreds of species. Most important species are coconut palm, oil palm and date palm. Most palms grow in tropical regions, but some species also in semidry regions (date palms). Palms have played an important role for the supply of food and they provide shade for agricultural crops and they are planted in parks and gardens. With exception for coconut wood, the wood from palm trees has not been used to a large extent. But it is considered as an important resource. According to FAO, coco-, oil- and date palms cover over 30 million ha worldwide with a total stem wood potential of 150-200 million m³ per year. Generally this wood resource can play an important role in the regional/worldwide wood supply; mainly in Asia, Arabic countries, Africa and Latin America. The stem of the tree (coconut-, oil- and date Palm) is between 10 and 20 (25) m long, has a lower diameter of 40 – 60 cm and a taper of 0.3 – 0.7 cm/m. Being monocotyledons, palms show distinct differences in the wood structure compared to common wood species.