Timber-concrete composite (TCC) structures allow designing efficient building floors in terms of lightness, slenderness, and acoustic insulation. The late development of ductile notch connectors has further advanced TCC structures. This work aims to further optimize the shape of ductile notch connections and to optimally design TCC floors with minimum embodied carbon, floor thickness, self-weight and cost.
Firstly, an experimental campaign was carried out to characterize the shear behavior of ductile notch connectors with different shapes, which varied from rectangular to trapezoidal to avoid the use of screws, and concrete types, which varied from normal concrete to ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete. For the sake of comparison, a glued connection was also considered. Then, a multi-criteria optimization method was performed to optimally design TCC floor with the developed notch connectors and concrete types. The latest design recommendations for TCC floors developed in Canada were considered. A Non-Linear Finite Element Analysis (NLFEA) was carried out for validation. The presented results push the current design limits in terms of embodied carbon and volume of construction materials towards climate-positive floors.