XIX ANIDIS Conference, Seismic Engineering in Italy
Procedia Structural Integrity
Masonry buildings are highly vulnerable to seismic loading, and their dynamic response is strongly influenced by the timber floor in-plane deformability and by the quality of the wall-to-floor connections. Understanding the behavior of timber floors and roofs and their interaction with the masonry walls is therefore important for the protection of historical buildings. In a previous research project, different timber-based dry-connected floor strengthening solutions were tested under in-plane loads. The experimental results show a significant increase in shear strength and stiffness.
Discrete Element Method is here used to evaluate the effectiveness of the strengthening solutions in avoiding the triggering of the out-of-plane collapse of masonry walls, first on a simple masonry cell, and then on a heritage listed masonry building. A detailed cyclic model of the floor behavior was implemented: the unreinforced and reinforced floors were described by beams connected with non-linear springs, reproducing the experimental hysteretic response. Both the case studies highlight the effectiveness of the strengthening solutions in reducing the out-of-plane displacements of masonry walls, confirmed also by a comparison with the ideal rigid diaphragm case. The reinforced floor is able to transfer the seismic forces to the shear-resistant walls. The out-of-plane displacements are compatible with the wall capacity, and the reinforced floor hysteretic cycles contribute to dissipate part of the input energy. Moreover, a proper connection design can also cap the transferred seismic forces to an acceptable level for shear-resistant walls.