ICSI 2021 The 4th International Conference on Structural Integrity
Procedia Structural Integrity
Timber-to-timber panels (TTPs) are adhesive- and steel-free structural components formed by carpentry joints of Scots pine to be used as floors. A numerical model simulating bending tests on TTPs and considering timber as an orthotropic and bi-modulus material was validated from experimental results of deflection, and rolling shear strength. Since the serviceability and ultimate limit states of the TTPs was mainly defined by the rolling shear properties of the connectors, this paper aims to study the influence of different connector shape parameters in the structural behavior of the panels. For that, values of the connector height (hc varying between 40 and 100 mm), width (b1 varying between 40 and 100 mm) and the dove-tail angle (a varying between 45º and 75º) were introduced in the numerical models to obtain both failure load and stiffness for different span TTPs. Results showed that TTP deflection and shear stresses on the connectors decreases with the increase of the height and the width of the connectors. As the width of the connector (b1) increases, the maximum shear stress decreases up to 42%. For a same connector height, the angle of the dove-tail shows low influence in the maximum shear stress; however, it plays a greater role in the deflection of the panels. For the connectors of 40 mm of height TTP deflection was barely influenced by connector width; however, for higher connectors (hc = 60 mm), TTP deflection decreased up to 41% as width increases. So, new TTPs configurations varying the connector parameters showed an improvement on the deflection and on the shear stresses of the connectors.