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Development of a Smart Timber Bridge (Phase III): Moisture and Strain Sensor Investigation for Historic Covered Bridges

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2182
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Moisture
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Phares, Brent
Pence, Trevor
Wacker, James
Hosteng, Travis
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Report
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Moisture
Keywords
Moisture Content
Sensor
Strain
Reliability
Accuracy
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
General Technical Report
Abstract
Nationwide, bridges are deteriorating at a rate faster than they can be rehabilitated and maintained. This has resulted in a search for new methods to rehabilitate, repair, manage, and construct bridges. As a result, structural health monitoring and smart structure concepts have emerged to help improve bridge management. In the case of timber bridges, however, a limited amount of research as been conducted on long-term structural health monitoring solutions, and this is especially true in regards to historic covered timber bridges. To date, evaluation efforts of timber bridges have focused primarily on visual inspection data to determine the structural integrity of timber structures. To fill this research need and help improve timber bridge inspection and management strategies, a 5-year research plan to develop a smart timber bridge structure was undertaken. The overall goal of the 5-year plan was to develop a turnkey system to analyze, monitor, and report on the performance and condition of timber bridges. This report outlines one phase of the 5-year research plan and focuses on developing and attaching moisture sensors onto timber bridge components. The goal was to investigate the potential for sensor technologies to reliably monitor the in situ moisture content of the timber members in historic covered bridges, especially those recently rehabilitated with glulam materials. The timber-specific moisture sensors detailed in this report and the data collected from them will assist in advancing the smart timber bridge.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Durable Timber Bridges - Final Report and Guidelines

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2133
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Moisture
Serviceability
Material
Timber (unspecified)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans

Effect of Moisture Induced Stresses on the Mechanical Performance of Glulam Beams of Vihantasalmi Bridge

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1609
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Moisture
Serviceability
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Hradil, Petr
Fortino, Stefania
Salokangas, Lauri
Musci, Alessandro
Metelli, Giovanni
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Moisture
Serviceability
Keywords
Moisture Induced Stresses
Finland
Moisture Gradients
Moisture Content
Hygrothermal
Multi-Fickian Theory
Relative Humidity
Temperature
Eurocode 5
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 2159-2167
Abstract
The present paper deals with the effect of moisture induced stresses (MIS) on the mechanical performance of a glulam beam of Vihantasalmi Bridge in Finland. MIS caused by high moisture gradients in a cross section of the glulam beam are calculated by a hygro-thermal multi-Fickian model for evaluation of moisture content, relative humidity and temperature in wood that is...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail