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21 records – page 1 of 3.

An Overview of Cross-Laminated Timber in North America

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2138
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Application of Analysis Tools From Newbuilds Research Network in Design of a High-Rise Wood Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue278
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Organization
NEWBuildS
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Keywords
High-Rise
British Columbia Building Code
Mixed-Use
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
In this project, a conceptual but realistic 20-storey building of hybrid construction incorporating massive timber panels and other structural materials was identified. The project team, consisting of three practicing consultants and 6 graduate student and post-doctoral researchers from NEWBuildS, undertook an analysis and engineering design of the demonstration building. An advisory group that includes FPInnovations scientists, NEWBuildS supervisors of the graduate students and Post Doctoral Fellows, provides technical support to the project team. The performance attributes addressed in the project were structural performance under seismic and wind load, fire resistance and building envelope. . This publication documents the analysis and design of the demonstration building, and identifies technical issues that require further study.
Online Access
Free
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The Case for CLT Manufacturing in Maine

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2382
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Market and Adoption
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Consumers’ Perceptions on the Properties of Wood Affecting Their Willingness to Live in and Prejudices Against Houses Made of Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2506
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Market and Adoption
Design and Systems
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Lähtinen, Katja
Harju, Charlotta
Toppinen, Anne
Publisher
Taylor&Francis Online
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Format
Journal Article
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Market and Adoption
Design and Systems
Keywords
Multivariate Methods
Market Diffusion
Business Development
Marketing and Management
Communication
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Wood Material Science & Engineering
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Exploring Cross-Laminated Timber Use for Temporary Military Structures: Ballistic Considerations

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2371
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Sanborn, Kathryn
Publisher
Georgia Institute of Technology
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Ballistic Resistance
Panels
Military Structures
Blast Analysis Tool
Spruce-Pine-Fir
Southern Pine
SPF
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The design and construction of temporary military structures has changed little since World War II. While these structures are lightweight and rapidly deployable, they require a sizeable workforce to construct and provide minimal ballistic and blast protection for occupants. Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is a relatively new prefabricated engineered wood product that is strong, stiff, quick to build, and has the potential to offer inherent ballistic and blast resistance compared to traditional wood products. The orthotropic nature of CLT coupled with the energy absorbing capacity of the thick wood panels warrant further investigation into the viability of CLT for temporary military structures. To that end, the research presented in this thesis seeks to better understand the ballistic and blast response of CLT panels and to develop evaluation criteria for the use of CLT in temporary military structures. Specific areas of investigation included: 1) experimental testing of the ballistic resistance of CLT panels, conducting in conjunction with U.S. Army laboratories in Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland and Vicksburg, Mississippi; 2) the design, prototyping, and experimental testing of enhanced CLT panels to further improve ballistic performance; 3) a qualitative analysis of CLT panels under ballistic impact resistance mechanisms; 4) the development of a CLT blast analysis tool to predict the elastic response of CLT to blast loadings; and 5) the development of a simplified tool to identify evaluation criteria for temporary military structure material selection, including conventional materials as well as CLT. Specimens in this research consisted of commercially produced Spruce-Pine-Fir CLT as well as Southern Pine CLT specimens fabricated specifically for this research. Ballistic testing of both types of conventional CLT indicate that the material’s inherent penetration resistance is significantly greater than that of dimension lumber and plywood used in current common temporary military structures. The testing shows that current U.S. military design guidelines (UFC 4-023-07), used for determining required wood thickness based on ballistic threat, under predicts the ballistic performance of CLT. From testing and analysis, the thesis develops updated equations for predicting the thickness of CLT required for ballistic protection. A qualitative analysis of ballistic specimens identified local failure modes in the CLT and links the observed damage the anisotropic material properties, grading, and defects in sawn timbers. Enhanced CLT specimens were fabricated using various hardening materials including thin metal plates and gratings, polymer-based armors, and fiber-reinforced epoxy matrix panels. The enhanced CLTs were evaluated based on ease of production, ballistic resistance as compared to conventional CLT, and cost-benefit analysis. The shear analogy method was incorporated into a single-degree-of-freedom blast analysis to predict the response of different types and sizes of CLT panels under blast loads within the elastic regime. The tool was validated using field data from low-level live blast tests and showed good agreement with the field data. Finally, tailored evaluation criteria for comparative assessment of construction materials for use in temporary military structures – considering issues of cost, the logistics of in-theater deployment, energy consumption and force protection were developed and applied through using the AHP decision-making process.
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Free
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Fabricated Timber: Vertical Integration of Solid Wood + The Architecture of Manufacturing

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2171
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Miller, Matthew
Publisher
University of Cincinnati, Graduate School
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Architecture
Manufacturing
Vertical Integration
Mass Timber
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Fire Safety and Tall Timber Buildings—What’s Next?

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1253
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Barber, David
Organization
Structures Congress
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Fire Safety
Exposed Load Bearing Timber
Concealed Connections
Language
English
Conference
Structures Congress 2017
Research Status
Complete
Notes
April 6–8, 2017, Denver, Colorado
Summary
Model building codes in the United States limit timber construction to six stories, due to concerns over fire safety and structural performance. With new timber technologies, tall timber buildings are now being planned for construction. The process for building approval for a building constructed above the code height limits with a timber load-bearing structure...
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Payment Required
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Implications of NCC 2016 Changes to Deemed-To-Satisfy (DTS) for Mid-Rise Timber Buildings on Supply of Sawn Softwood Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1926
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Market and Adoption
Design and Systems
Material
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Innovative Engineered Timber Building Systems for Non-Residential Applications, Utilising Timber Concrete Composite Flooring Capable of Spanning Up to 8 to 10m

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1933
Year of Publication
2010
Topic
Market and Adoption
Design and Systems
Cost
Environmental Impact
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Frames

Literature Survey on Nail-Laminated Timber and Box Beam

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1210
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Material
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Ni, Chun
Karacabeyli, Erol
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Box Beams
Mechanical Joints
CSA 086
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Nail-Laminated Timber (NLT) and box beam are efficient and economical engineered wood products. Although NLT has been used in North America for more than a century, only in recent years it has gained renewed interests as they have been seen as the most economical panel products used in mass timber buildings. Box beams, on the other hand, are lightweight and generally possess higher strength and stiffness than comparable-sized solid timber and are more efficient than solid timber large spans and loads. In this report, existing design provisions and their limitations for the design and construction of NLT in box beam in Canadian standards are reviewed. For NLT, there is a general lack of information related to manufacturing, design and construction to ensure consistent manufacturing and installation practices. Therefore, it is difficult to research and document with confidence the full range of performance that can be achieved with NLT. It is therefore recommended that a North American product standard and design information on structural performance, floor vibration, fire resistance, acoustic performance, and construction risk mitigation measures (e.g. moisture and fire) be developed. In CSA 086, design methods are limited to box beams with flanges and webs bonded with glue. As the flanges and webs of a box beam can be assembled by either glue or mechanical fasteners, it is recommended that design provisions for box beam with mechanical joints be also developed. With the information in Eurocode 5 and relevant supporting research papers, it is ready to be implemented.
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Free
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21 records – page 1 of 3.