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26 records – page 1 of 3.

The Case for Tall Wood Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue835
Edition
Second
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
General Information
Cost
Environmental Impact
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Organization
Michael Green Architecture
Edition
Second
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Book/Guide
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
General Information
Cost
Environmental Impact
Design and Systems
Keywords
FFTT
Tall Wood
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The report describes a new structural system in wood that is the first significant challenger to concrete and steel structures since their inception in tall building design more than a century ago. The introduction of these ideas is fundamentally driven by the need to find safe, carbon-neutral and sustainable alternatives to the incumbent structural materials of the urban world. The market for these ideas is quite simply enormous. The proposed solutions have significant capacity to revolutionize the building industry to address the major challenges of climate change, urbanization, sustainable development and world housing needs.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Cross Laminated Timber – Properties and Use for Building Purposes: A Review from the Experience of Swiss Researchers

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue23
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Mechanical Properties
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Niemz, Peter
Sonderegger, Walter
Publisher
Transilvania University Press Brasov
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Romania
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
General Information
Keywords
Physical Properties
MOE
Bending Strength
Building Applications
Language
English
Romanian
Research Status
Complete
Series
Pro Ligno
ISSN
2069-7430
Summary
An overview on the mechanical and physical properties of cross laminated timber (solid wood panels) in the building industry and its use in timber construction is presented. Structure-property relations for solid wood based materials are discussed. Important properties, such as strength, sorption, diffusion, thermal conductivity in relation to the board structure are presented. By varying the structure, the properties can be optimized over a wide range. The focus of this publication lies on experimental works performed by Swiss researchers at the ETH Zürich.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Development of Large Span CLT Floor/Roof System with Two-Way Plate Bending Action: Phase II

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2247
Topic
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Roofs
Organization
University of British Columbia
Country of Publication
Canada
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Roofs
Topic
General Information
Keywords
Mass Timber
Cost Effective
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Frank Lam at the University of British Columbia
Summary
A continuous CLT floor/roof system that has two way bending action across multiple CLT panels will create open floor space with long spans in both major and minor directions, making mass timber construction more competitive and cost-effective. A design guide on CLT two way floor/roof system, incorporating the results from the two phases of study, will be developed at the end.
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Evaluating the Use of Drones for Timber Bridge Inspection

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1835
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
General Information

Fire Resistance in American Heavy Timber Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1453
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
General Information
Material
Solid-sawn Heavy Timber
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Heitz, Jesse
Publisher
Springer, Cham
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Book/Guide
Material
Solid-sawn Heavy Timber
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
General Information
Keywords
Historical Fire Performance
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
ISBN
978-3-319-32128-8
Summary
This volume presents a history of heavy timber construction (HTC) in the United States, chronicling nearly two centuries of building history, from inception to a detailed evaluation of one of the best surviving examples of the type, with an emphasis on fire resistance. The book does not limit itself in scope to serving only as a common history. Rather, it provides critical analysis of HTC in terms of construction methods, design, technical specifications, and historical performance under fire conditions. As such, this book provides readers with a truly comprehensive understanding and exploration of heavy timber construction in the United States and its performance under fire conditions.
Online Access
Payment Required
Resource Link
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Innovation in Hybrid Mass Timber High-Rise Construction: A Case Study of UBC’s Brock Commons Project

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1273
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Author
Fallahi, Azadeh
Organization
University of British Columbia
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Topic
General Information
Keywords
High-Rise
Construction
Design
Prefabrication
Project Coordination
Virtual Design and Construction
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
With the advocacy for sustainable construction on the rise, use of timber as the main building material is being championed in large-scale construction projects. While the advancement of engineered timber products is addressing some issues that previously limited the use of wood in high-rise construction, there are still challenges such as fire and weather safety, code compliance and negative public perceptions. One main gap in the available resources is the lack of a comprehensive and detailed case study of a high-rise project with wood as the main construction material to capture constraints and innovations necessary in creating success, which has formed the direction of this research. This thesis is focused on documenting a case study of the Brock Commons project, an 18 storey, hybrid timber-concrete residential high-rise located at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver campus, which is the tallest hybrid timber building in the world. The overall research objective was to identify and document the delivery of this innovative project, with a specific emphasis on the innovations necessary to make timber high-rise construction successful and the use of VDC tools in the design and pre-construction process. The case study documents the project context, the design process, the business and industry drivers, and the motivation for construction. Moreover, it investigates the motivations for all stakeholders, identifies the challenges and constraints, and captures the innovative solutions that were utilized to ensure project success. The case study also documents the innovative use of VDC to support prefabrication and overall project coordination. Specifically, it investigates the role of the VDC integrators in the project, the paths of communications with the different project team members, and the inputs and outputs of each phase of design and construction. This research identified lessons learned that can be applied to other construction projects where timber is the main structural component and a heavy use of VDC and pre-fabrication is required. Use of timber and innovative methods in construction have been consistently rising in the past decade, and this research aims to provide a starting point for future efforts in mass timber high-rise construction.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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In-Plane Permeability of Oriented Strand Lumber, Part I: The Effects of Mat Density and Flow Direction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1466
Year of Publication
2010
Topic
General Information
Material
OSL (Oriented Strand Lumber)
Author
Zhang, Chao
Smith, Gregory
Publisher
Society of Wood Science and Technology
Year of Publication
2010
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
OSL (Oriented Strand Lumber)
Topic
General Information
Keywords
Aspen
Permeability
Density
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Wood and Fiber Science
Summary
The in-plane permeability was measured for thick, unidirectional oriented strand lumber made from aspen (Populus tremuloides) strands and pressed to five different densities. The press cycle was such that the vertical density profile of the panels was uniform. Specimens were cut from the boards and sealed inside a specially designed specimen holder; this jig was connected to a permeability measurement apparatus and in-plane permeability measured parallel, perpendicular, and 45° to the strand orientation. Permeability decreased markedly with increasing board density. The highest permeability was in the strand alignment direction and lowest perpendicular to it. The permeability in the 45° direction fell between those in parallel and perpendicular to strand alignment. A polynomial equation was fit to the results of each direction with r2 of 0.938 and 0.993. The in-plane distribution of permeability as a function of flow direction was obtained and its vector diagram was lenticular in shape.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Introduction to Cross-Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue705
Year of Publication
2012
Topic
General Information
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Mohammad, Mohammad
Gagnon, Sylvain
Douglas, Bradford
Podesto, Lisa
Publisher
Forest Products Society
Year of Publication
2012
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
General Information
Market and Adoption
Keywords
North America
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Wood Design Focus
Summary
Cross-laminated timber (CLT), a new generation of engineered wood product developed initially in Europe, has been gaining popularity in residential and non-residential applications in several countries. Numerous impressive low- and mid-rise buildings built around the world using CLT showcase the many advantages that this product can offer to the construction sector. This article provides basic information on the various attributes of CLT as a product and as structural system in general, and examples of buildings made of CLT panels. A road map for codes and standards implementation of CLT in North America is included, along with an indication of some of the obstacles that can be expected.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Investigating the Performance of the Construction Process of an 18-storey Mass Timber Hybrid Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1269
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
General Information
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Wood Building Systems
Author
Kasbar, Mohamed
Organization
University of British Columbia
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Wood Building Systems
Topic
General Information
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Brock Commons
Construction
Efficiency of Construction
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The use of mass timber in high rise construction is an innovation. Mass timber construction has influential benefits including a lower overall construction time, a lower environmental impact, the use of renewable resource and an improved aesthetics. Despite the mentioned benefits, mass timber is not the traditional material for low to mid-rise commercial, institutional and residential construction in Canada. This is partially due to the need to explore the efficiency of mass timber construction relative to traditional construction. Detailed quantitative documentation of successful construction projects assists organisations planning mass timber high-rise projects by understanding and quantifying the advantages to ensure the viability of the construction process. This research project aims to understand the performance of mass-timber construction in the context of a construction manager, particularly the time saved due to completion of structural and envelope systems early. The case study chosen for this thesis is the tallest mass timber hybrid building in the world: Tallwood House. The research team studied the project in a macro-level perspective to investigate the building elements as single entities. Moreover, a micro-level study focuses on the performance of every level of the following elements: mass timber structure, envelope cladding systems and cross-laminated timber drywall encapsulation. The macro-level study investigates: (1) The production rate of the various building elements, (2) The coordination between structural trades to build a heavily pre-fabricated building using a single crane, and (3) The labor efforts per discipline. Moreover, the micro-level study investigates: (4) The variability of productivity of all levels, (5) A statistical investigation of three factors on cross-laminated timber installation, (6) Schedule reliability of preliminary planned schedule relative to the construction schedule (actual progress), (7) Earned value analysis, and (8) Planned percent complete to study the reliability of weekly work plans relative to construction schedules. All metrics were validated by the senior project manager through a discussion and confirmation of the inputs, findings and conclusions drawn. The claimed contribution of this research is an advanced state of knowledge about mass timber by exploring the efficiency of the construction process.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Lumber-Based Mass Timber Products in Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2163
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
General Information
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)

26 records – page 1 of 3.