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41 records – page 1 of 5.

Tectonic Strategies for Using Fast-Growing, Low-Grade Softwoods for Engineered Wood Products

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue565
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Fleming, Patrick
Ramage, Michael
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Conference Paper
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Low-Grade
Softwood
Polymer Impregnated
Stress Laminated
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The proposed paper presents two alternative strategies for using fast-growing, low-grade softwood for modern engineered wood products. A chemical based strategy is explored first with the testing of polymer-impregnated small clear wood samples. A second mechanical based strategy based on the tectonics of stress-laminated bridge decks is examined in further detail with 1:10 scaled structural models, followed later on by full-scale testing. The relative benefits and disadvantages of each strategy are compared to each other, and benchmarked against regular sawn timber and conventional engineered wood products like glulam and cross-laminated timber.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Solid Timber Construction: Process, Practice, Performance

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue974
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Market and Adoption
Cost
Design and Systems
Site Construction Management
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Smith, Ryan
Griffin, Gentry
Rice, Talbot
Year of Publication
2015
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Market and Adoption
Cost
Design and Systems
Site Construction Management
Keywords
Off-site Construction
Off-site Prefabrication
Schedule
Quality
Safety
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This project evaluates off-site solid timber production processes in the international solid timber industry. The Solid Timber Construction (STC) projects documented herein provide a test bed to evaluate project performance metrics attributed to off-site construction. This study also evaluates the contingent qualitative environmental, organizational and technological contextual factors related to STC. The study therefore: Investigates and documents STC projects to identify successful performance metric parameters: economics, schedule, scope, quality, risk, and worker safety. Compares this data to traditional site built construction to determine the estimated added value or negative impact of STC. Identifies qualitative contextual parameters including environment, organization and technology for successfully developing STC methods; Creates a model for data gathering for STC stakeholders to report their own performance parameters and thereby create a robust database of off-site projects in the future. Synthesizes holistic best processes and practices guide for the industry looking to engage in STC work.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Static and Dynamic Behavior of Stiffening Shear Walls in Dowel-Laminated Timber Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue932
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Wood Building Systems
Author
Sandhaas, Carmen
Blaß, Hans Joachim
Organization
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Report
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Keywords
Joints
Cyclic Tests
Q Factor
Dynamic Building Model
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Joints and shear walls of buildings made from dowel-laminated timber were experimentally investigated and assessed. Based on cyclic tests on shear walls, a nonlinear dynamic building model was developed. The developed model served to evaluate the seismic behaviour of buildings made from dowel-laminated timber and to derive a preliminary behaviour factor q required for seismic design of this building typology.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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A Cradle-to-Cradle Approach to Timber Post and Beam Structures

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1481
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Environmental Impact
Design and Systems
Connections
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Wong, Yu Feng
Organization
Delft University of Technology
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Report
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Environmental Impact
Design and Systems
Connections
Keywords
Sustainability
Post and Beam
Cradle-to-Cradle
Adhesives
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The Cradle-to-Cradle Certification at Platinum level, awarded to products which perfectly embody the principles of Cradle-to-Cradle design, is perhaps one of the most esteemed standards of excellence in sustainability circles. Currently, there is no Platinum-level product which can deliver the classic postand-beam structural system. This literature review investigates the possibility of a timber beam product filling in that gap, and the potential design specifications necessary to do it. Findings suggest that the resin component of current glulam beams harm the Cradle-to-Cradle assessment rating, therefore posing a challenge to find eco-friendly alternative. Potential candidates such as lignin and casein resin are studied, along with the novel technology of welded dowel-laminated timber.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Buildings Made of Dowel-Laminated Timber: Joint and Shear Wall Properties

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1718
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Seismic
Connections
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Author
Sandhaas, Carmen
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Seismic
Connections
Keywords
Joints
Load Carrying Capacity
Cyclic Tests
Energy Dissipation
Behaviour Factors
Numerical Models
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 4589-4596
Summary
Dowel-laminated timber (DLT) elements consist of lamellae arranged side-by-side that are connected with beech dowels. Due to the glue-free DLT element layup, joints and shear walls potentially suffer from considerable reduction of stiffness and load carrying capacity as metal fasteners inserted perpendicular to the element plane may be placed in gaps between the single lamellae. Tests on typical joints showed that, depending on the fastener diameter, the remaining load carrying capacity of joints in DLT in comparison to joints in solid wood may be only 25%. Tests on DLT shear walls with different sheeting proved that the use of DLT structures as shear walls is only possible if at least one-sided sheeting is used. Cyclic tests on DLT shear walls demonstrated that the DLT construction typology has energy dissipation properties similar to traditional timber frame construction. Analogously, preliminary behaviour factors for DLT buildings evaluated with numerical models were also similar to those for timber frame buildings.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Wood Design Manual 2017

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2160
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Connections
Fire
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Bridges and Spans
Columns
Floors
Ceilings
Arches
Shear Walls
Trusses
Walls

Use of Sustainable Wood Building Materials in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia and Sweden

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue836
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Obucina, Murco
Kuzman, Manja
Sandberg, Dick
Organization
University of Sarajevo
Year of Publication
2017
Format
Book/Guide
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Building Materials
Construction
Prefabrication
Slovenia
Sustainable
Sweden
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Bosnia and Herzegovina is the most forested country in the Balkan area, and Sweden and Slovenia are two of the most densely forested countries in the European Union. Living habits differ considerably between these three countries, but the use of wood is very similar. This book grew out of the collaboration of three wood scientists with totally different backgrounds who met and discussed their common interest – wood. Based on the different experiences in each country, the idea was to try to find ways to increase the common knowledge base for the use of wood, achieving excellence in timber design research and education; the architect with a deep knowledge of culture based needs, the engineer with experience and knowledge of technological needs, and the practitioner who always has to find the final solution.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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The Merits of Varying Forms of Mass Timber Products for Offsite and Modular Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2677
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Author
Hairstans, Robert
Smith, Ryan
Wilson, Peter
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Solid Laminate Timber Systems
Offsite
Modular
Structural Composite Lumber
Timber
Conference
Modular and Offsite Construction Summit
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Mass timber is a family of Solid Laminate Timber Systems (SLTS) formed from smaller sections of timber connected by glue, mechanical fixings, moisture movement or a combination of methods. These products, which include Structural Composite Lumber, GluLam, Cross Lam, Nail Lam and Dowel Lam (or Brettstapel), have over the past two decades seen an extraordinary upsurge in use internationally. This global phenomenon has been driven by a greater emphasis on the sustainable use of renewable resources and by significant technological developments in the manufacture of SLTS. This research paper considers the merits of each of these products, their manufacturing processes and the corresponding quality assurance requirements necessary for successful project delivery. The paper describes the advantages and barriers to the use of the mass timber and provides an overview of the various aspects to be considered during design for offsite and modular construction. The work presented also provides case studies of how these products have been researched and utilised into live projects in the UK utilising local resource resulting in the formation of new supply chain arrangements. The work further explains the advantages of the respective systems for the given application including information on species selection, connection systems employed and the necessary onsite and offsite management approaches deployed.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Lumber-Based Mass Timber Products in Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2163
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
General Information
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Gong, Meng
Publisher
IntechOpen
Year of Publication
2019
Format
Book/Guide
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
General Information
Keywords
Manufacturing
Life-Cycle Assessment
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This chapter provides information related to commonly used wood construction methods (i.e., light-frame, post-and-beam, and mass timber) and mass timber products. It briefly discusses the manufacturing of four major lumber-based mass timber products (i.e., glue-laminated timber, nail-laminated timber, dowel-laminated timber, and cross-laminated timber), and their available dimensions and typical applications. The discussion also addresses primary lumber products, such as dimension lumber, machine stress-rated lumber, and finger-joined lumber, which are the building blocks from which mass timber products are manufactured. Advantages of using wood in construction are illustrated by examples largely from North American practices. The life cycle assessment concept is also introduced.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Research Needs Assessment for the Mass Timber Industry: Proceedings of the 2nd North American Mass Timber Research Needs Workshop

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2164
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Shear Walls
Walls
Wood Building Systems
Floors
Columns
Bridges and Spans
Author
Zelinka, Samuel
Williamson, Tom
Martinson, Karen
Ritter, Michael
Organization
Forest Products Laboratory
Year of Publication
2019
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Shear Walls
Walls
Wood Building Systems
Floors
Columns
Bridges and Spans
Topic
General Information
Keywords
Mass Timber
North America
Research Needs
Research Priorities
Seismic Performance
Fire Performance
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The 2nd Mass Timber Research Needs Assessment was held on November 13–14, 2018, at the USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory (FPL). The workshop was co-sponsored by FPL, WoodWorks, and the U.S. Endowment for Forestry and Communities. The purpose of the workshop was to gather a diverse group of people with expertise in mass timber, in particular cross-laminated timber, to discuss and prioritize research needed to move the mass timber industry forward in North America. The workshop was attended by more than 100 design professionals, researchers, manufacturers, industry leaders, and government employees. The meeting resulted in a list of 117 research needs. Following the meeting, the list of research needs was prioritized through an online survey. This report presents the prioritized research needs of the mass timber industry in North America. Also included in the appendixes are the formal minutes of the workshop, a list of participants, and the original scribe notes.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

41 records – page 1 of 5.