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25 records – page 1 of 3.

Chapter 1: Introduction to Cross-Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue807
Year of Publication
2011
Topic
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2011
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Topic
General Information
Keywords
North America
Codes
Construction
Language
English
Series
CLT Handbook - Canadian Edition
Abstract
Cross-laminated timber (CLT), an innovative engineered wood product developed in Europe, has been gaining increasing popularity in residential and non-residential applications in several countries. Numerous impressive buildings built around the world...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Chapter 1: Introduction To Cross-Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue820
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Author
Sylvain Gagnon
Ted Bilek
Lisa Podesto
Pablo Crespell
Organization
FPInnovations
Binational Softwood Lumber Council
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Canada
United States
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Topic
General Information
Keywords
Codes
Construction
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
CLT Handbook - US Edition
ISBN
978-0-86488-553-1
ISSN
1925-0495
Abstract
Cross-laminated timber (CLT), a new generation of engineered wood product developed initially in Europe, has been gaining increased popularity in residential and non-residential applications in several countries. Many impressive low- and mid-rise buildings built around the world using CLT showcase the many advantages this product has to offer to the construction sector. In this Chapter, we put forward an introduction to CLT as a product and CLT construction in general, along with different examples of buildings and other structures made with CLT panels. CLT is now available in North America and several projects already built in Canada and the United States, using CLT, are presented in this Chapter. An assessment of market opportunity for CLT based on the latest construction statistics for the United States is also presented.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Chapter 2: Cross-Laminated Timber Manufacturing

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue808
Year of Publication
2011
Topic
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Author
Brad Wang
Ciprian Pirvu
Conroy Lum
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2011
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Topic
General Information
Keywords
Evaluation
Manufacturing
Language
English
Series
CLT Handbook - Canadian Edition
Abstract
This chapter provides general information about the manufacturing of CLT that may be of interest to the design community. The information contained in this chapter may also provide guidance to CLT manufacturers in the development of their plant operating...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Chapter 2: Cross-Laminated Timber Manufacturing

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue821
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Author
Borjen Yeh
Dave Kretschmann
Brad Wang
Organization
FPInnovations
Binational Softwood Lumber Council
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Canada
United States
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Topic
General Information
Keywords
Manufacturing
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
CLT Handbook - US Edition
ISBN
978-0-86488-554-8
ISSN
1925-0495
Abstract
This Chapter provides general information about the manufacturing of CLT that may be of interest to the design community. The information contained in this Chapter may also provide guidance to CLT manufacturers in the development of their plant operating specification document. Typical steps of the CLT manufacturing process are described, and key process variables affecting adhesive bond quality of CLT products are discussed. The manufacturing, qualification, and quality assurance requirements in accordance with the American National Standard for Performance-Rated Cross-Laminated Timber, ANSI/APA PRG 320, are discussed.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Chapter 3: Structural Design of Cross-Laminated Timber Elements

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue809
Year of Publication
2011
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Author
Sylvain Gagnon
Marjan Popovski
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2011
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Experimental
Flexural Properties
Stiffness
Strength
Analytical Approach
Language
English
Series
CLT Handbook - Canadian Edition
Abstract
Various methods have been adopted in Europe for the determination of design properties of CLT. Some of these methods are experimental in nature while others are analytical. Other methods involve a combination of both empirical and analytical approaches...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Chapter 3: Structural Design of Cross-Laminated Timber Elements

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue822
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Author
Loren Ross
Sylvain Gagnon
Edward Keith
Organization
FPInnovations
Binational Softwood Lumber Council
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Canada
United States
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Flexural Properties
Modulus of Rupture
Shear
Stiffness
Strength
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
CLT Handbook - US Edition
ISBN
978-0-86488-553-1
ISSN
1925-0495
Abstract
Building using cross-laminated timber (CLT) began in Europe about two decades ago and has used a variety of methods for structural analysis. Experimental testing methods were the most accurate, yet they lacked versatility because changes in lay-up, material, or even manufacturing methods could cause a need for new testing. Consequently, three analytical approaches have been created and are commonly used in Europe as none have been universally accepted to date. ... In the United States and Canada, the product standard (Standard for Performance-Rated Cross-Laminated Timber - ANSI/APA PRG 320) has adopted the Shear Analogy method to derive composite bending and shear stiffness properties.
Online Access
Free
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Chapter 4: Lateral Design of Cross Laminated Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue823
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Author
John van de Lindt
Douglas Rammer
Marjan Popovski
Philip Line
Shiling Pei
Steven Pryor
Organization
FPInnovations
Binational Softwood Lumber Council
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Canada
United States
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Topic
Seismic
Keywords
Seismic Design Coefficients
Lateral Loads
Numerical Model
R-factors
MCE
Language
English
Series
CLT Handbook - US Edition
ISBN
978-0-86488-553-1
ISSN
1925-0495
Abstract
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is an innovative wood product that was developed approximately two decades ago in Europe and has since been gaining in popularity. Based on the experience of European researchers and designers, it is believed that CLT can provide the U.S. market the opportunity to build mid- and high-rise wood buildings. This Chapter presents a summary of past research and state-of-the-art understanding of the seismic behavior of CLT. As a new structural system to the United States, the design of CLT for seismic applications is expected to be made through alternative method provisions of the building codes. Efforts to develop seismic design coefficients for use in the equivalent lateral force procedures in the United States are underway. Nonlinear numerical modeling of CLT is presented and used to provide and indication of the effect of designing with different R-factors. Using nominal CLT wall capacity values derived from isolated wall tests, the illustrative example showed that an R-factor of approximately 2 can result in a low probability of collapse (less than 10 percent) at MCE intensity.
Online Access
Free
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Chapter 4: Seismic Performance of Cross-Laminated Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue810
Year of Publication
2011
Topic
Seismic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Wood Building Systems
Author
Marjan Popovski
Erol Karacabeyli
Ario Ceccotti
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2011
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Nails
National Building Code of Canada
Screws
Seismic Performance
Quasi-Static Test
Steel Brackets
Hold-Down
R-factor
Language
English
Series
CLT Handbook - Canadian Edition
Abstract
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is an innovative wood product that was first developed some 20 years ago in Austria and Germany and ever since has been gaining popularity in residential and non-residential applicationsin Europe. European experience shows th...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Chapter 5: Connections in Cross-Laminated Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue811
Year of Publication
2011
Topic
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Author
Mohammad Mohammad
Williams Munoz
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2011
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Topic
Connections
Keywords
North America
Language
English
Series
CLT Handbook - Canadian Edition
Abstract
The light weight of cross-laminated timber (CLT) products combined with the high level of prefabrication involved, in addition to the need to provide wood-based alternative products and systems to steel and concrete, have significantly contributed to the...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Chapter 5: Connections in Cross-Laminated Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue824
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Connections
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Author
Mohammad Mohammad
Bradford Douglas
Douglas Rammer
Steven Pryor
Organization
FPInnovations
Binational Softwood Lumber Council
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Canada
United States
Format
Book Section
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
General Application
Topic
Connections
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Code Acceptance
Fasteners
International Building Code
North America
Language
English
Series
CLT Handbook - US Edition
ISBN
978-0-86488-553-1
ISSN
1925-0495
Abstract
This Chapter focuses on a few fastening systems that reflect present-day practices, some being conventional, while others are proprietary. Given the recent introduction of CLT into the construction market, it is expected that new connection types will be developed over time. Issues associated with connection design specific to CLT assemblies are presented. The European design approach is also presented and the applicability of the National Design Specification (NDS) for Wood Construction design provisions for traditional fasteners in CLT such as bolts, dowels, nails, and wood screws are reviewed and design guidelines are provided. Several design examples are also given at the end to demonstrate how connections in CLT can be established using current NDS design provisions.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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25 records – page 1 of 3.