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10 records – page 1 of 1.

An Application of the CEN/TC350 Standards to an Energy and Carbon LCA of Timber Used in Construction, and the Effect of End-of-Life Scenarios

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2376
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Energy Performance
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Wood Building Systems
General Application
Author
Symons, Katie
Moncaster, Alice
Symons, Digby
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Wood Building Systems
General Application
Topic
Energy Performance
Keywords
Embodied Carbon
Life-Cycle Assessment
Built Environment
End of Life
LCA
Europe
Language
English
Conference
Australian Life Cycle Assessment Society conference
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The use of timber construction products and their environmental impacts is growing in Europe. This paper examines the LCA approach adopted in the European CEN/TC350 standards, which are expected to improve the comparability and availability of Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs). The embodied energy and carbon (EE and EC) of timber products is discussed quantitatively, with a case study of the Forte building illustrating the significance of End-of-Life (EoL) impacts. The relative importance of timber in the context of all construction materials is analysed using a new LCA tool, Butterfly. The tool calculates EE and EC at each life cycle stage, and results show that timber products are likely to account for the bulk of the EoL impacts for a typical UK domestic building.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Design Options for Three- and Four-Storey Wood School Buildings in British Columbia

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2373
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Wood Building Systems
General Application
Author
Bevilacqua, Nick
Dickof, Carla
Wolfe, Ray
Gan, Wei-Jie
Embury-Williams, Lynn
Organization
Fast + Epp
Wood Works! BC
Thinkspace
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Wood Building Systems
General Application
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Construction
Education
School Buildings
Mass Timber
Multi-Storey
Building Code
Fire Protection
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This study illustrates the range of possible wood construction approaches for school buildings that are up to four storeys in height. As land values continue to rise, particularly in higher-density urban environments, schools with smaller footprints will become increasingly more necessary to satisfy enrollment demands. There are currently a number of planned new school projects throughout British Columbia that anticipate requiring either three-or four-storey buildings, and it is forecasted that the demand for school buildings of this size will continue to rise. This study is closely related to the report Risk Analysis and Alternative Solution for Three- and Four-Storey Schools of Mass Timber and/or Wood-Frame Construction prepared by GHL Consultants, which explores the building code related considerations of wood construction for school buildings that are up to four storeys in height. Though wood construction offers a viable structural material option for these buildings, the British Columbia Building Code (BCBC 2018) currently limits schools comprised of wood construction to a maximum of two storeys, while also imposing limits on the overall floor area. As such, the reader is referred to the GHL report for further information regarding building code compliance (with a particular emphasis on fire protection) for wood school buildings.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Evaluation of Timber Seismic Force Resisting System in Tall Mass Timber Buildings - Phases 1 & 2

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2191
Topic
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Organization
National Research Council Canada
Country of Publication
Canada
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Keywords
Tall Wood
Seismic Force Resisting System
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Jasmine Wang at the National Research Council Canada
Summary
Currently, only light frame wood-based shearwall and braced and moment-resisting frames are given in the NBC 2015 as acceptable solutions, with the height limit for these SFRSs in high seismic zones being 20 m (6 storeys). There is no acceptable solution for using Timber SFRS in buildings more than 20 m high in high seismic zones. The Tall Wood building projects in Canada have been following the “Alternative Solution” path with supporting test data and analysis that could demonstrate equivalent or better performance than building and fire code or local condition requirements, and were approved on a case-by-case basis by the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ). The Tall Wood projects have been and will be faced with different level of difficulties and challenges depending on the familiarity of AHJ with tall wood construction. Furthermore, there are no consistent procedure and performance criteria to analyze and evaluate the Timber SFRS in tall mass timber buildings that could be referenced by the AHJ. This project is to undertake the work related to: Phase I: development of a Technical Guide with a procedure for evaluation of the seismic performance of Timber SFRS in tall mass timber buildings. Phase II: evaluation of an example solution of Mass Timber SFRS in accordance with the developed Technical Guide as a “Demo” project.
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Mass Timber / Research and Design

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2183
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber (unspecified)
Application
General Application
Wood Building Systems

North American Mass Timber: State of the Industry

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1963
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Wood Building Systems
General Application

Risk Analysis and Alternative Solution for Three- and Four-Storey Schools of Mass Timber and/or Wood-Frame Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2374
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Fire
Material
Timber (unspecified)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Wood Building Systems
General Application
Organization
GHL Consultants Ltd.
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
Timber (unspecified)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Wood Building Systems
General Application
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Fire
Keywords
Building Code
Education
School Buildings
Multi-Storey
Fire Test
Fire Safety
Technical Risk
Process Risk
Mass Timber
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This report explores the building code related considerations of wood construction for school buildings that are up to four storeys in height. Though wood construction offers a viable structural material option for these buildings, the British Columbia Building Code (BCBC 2018) currently limits schools comprised of wood construction to a maximum of two storeys. Three- and four-storey schools and larger floor areas in wood construction require an Alternative Solution. The report identifies key fire safety features offered by combustible construction materials including tested and currently widely available engineered mass timber products, such as glued-laminated timber and cross-laminated timber. A risk analysis identifies the risk areas defined by the objectives of the British Columbia Building Code (BCBC 2018) and evaluates the level of performance of the Building Code solutions for assembly occupancies vis-à-vis the level of performance offered by the proposed schools up to four storeys in building height. As land values continue to rise, particularly in higher-density urban environments, schools with smaller footprints will become increasingly more necessary to satisfy enrollment demands. There are currently a number of planned new school projects throughout British Columbia that anticipate requiring either three-or four-storey buildings, and it is forecasted that the demand for school buildings of this size will continue to rise. This report is closely related to the study Design Options for Three-and Four-Storey Wood School Buildings in British Columbia, which illustrates the range of possible timber construction approaches for school buildings that are up to four storeys in height.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Super Tall Timber: Design Research for the Next Generation of Natural Structure

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2174
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Wood Building Systems
General Application

Timber Based Prefabricated Single Modular Housing: A Brief Comparison to the Auto Industry

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2137
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Energy Performance
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Wood Building Systems
General Application

UK Experience of the Use of Timber as a Low Embodied Carbon Structural Material

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2140
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber (unspecified)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Zero-Waste Mass-Timber Residential High-Rise: A Sustainable High-density Housing Solution

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2381
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Environmental Impact
Design and Systems
Material
Timber (unspecified)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
van Houten, Robert
Publisher
Delft University of Technology
Year of Publication
2020
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Thesis
Material
Timber (unspecified)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Environmental Impact
Design and Systems
Keywords
Mass Timber
Residential
High-Rise
End of Life
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
More and more people live in cities. The building industry is responsible for 33% of waste production and is set to increase further to 50% in 2025. The energy efficiency is continuously increased, but the waste production at the end of life of a building is largely ignored. This design proposes a solution in the form of a zero-waste high-rise design. It uses only recyclable or renewable materials. Mass-timber is chosen as the main material as it is not only renewable and easily reusable, it is also a storage of CO2. The design reuses the foundation of existing buildings, and with the lightweight properties of mass-timber, increases the density on the location by building taller. The design is four times taller as the current buildings. To allow for sustainable densification, the design offers public and collective qualities. The building has been designed is such a way to be easily refitted during its life cycle or to be completely disassembled at the end of life.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

10 records – page 1 of 1.