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An Analytical Estimation on Seismic Performance of 3 Story Construction with "Sugi" CLT Panels Depending on Connection Properties

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue487
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Miyake, Tatsuya
Matsumoto, Kazuyuki
Tsuchimoto, Takahiro
Isoda, Hiroshi
Kawai, Naohito
Yasumura, Motoi
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Keywords
Dynamic Properties
Static Properties
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
In this paper, the relations between the load-deformation property of the CLT connections and the seismic performance of the 3 story CLT construction are analytically discussed. The static and the dynamic properties of the CLT connections led each from the static and the dynamic tests were obviously different, however the analytical results based on these properties were agree each with the results of the static and the dynamic tests proving the adequateness of estimated properties. The further study on the dynamic effects of CLT connections is necessary.
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Creep and Duration Of Load Characteristics of Cross Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue692
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Nakajima, Shiro
Miyatake, Atsushi
Shibuwasa, Tatsuya
Araki, Yasuhiro
Yamaguchi, Nobuyoshi
Haramiishi, Takeshi
Ando, Naoto
Yasumura, Motoi
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Cedar
Creep
Duration of Load
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
Creep and duration of load characteristics of cross laminated timber (CLT) were evaluated from the test results of creep and duration of tests. Japanese Ceder (Cryptomeria japonica) was chosen for the specie for the laminations of the test specimens and API was chosen for the adhesive. The results are summarized as follows: (1) The creep factor [i.e. (Initial deflection + Creep deflection) / Initial deflection] for CLT was evaluated to be 2.0 and was almost equivalent to the creep factor commonly known for solid lumber. (2) The duration of load factor [i.e. Strength for 50 years duration of load / Strength for 10 minutes duration of load] of CLT was evaluated to be 0.66 and was almost equivalent to the duration of load factor measured for solid lumbers.
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Dynamic and Static Lateral Load Tests on Full-Sized 3-Storey CLT Construction for Seismic Design

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue481
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Tsuchimoto, Takahiro
Kawai, Naohito
Yasumura, Motoi
Miyake, Tatsuya
Isoda, Hiroshi
Tsuda, Chihiro
Miura, Sota
Murakami, Satoshi
Nakagawa, Takafumi
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Keywords
Shake Table Test
Lateral Load Test
Shear Displacement
Joint Deformation
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The Japanese domestic forests have never been maintained enough, and it was a great fear that the multiple functions of the forest such as watershed conservation, the land conservation, and so on has been declined. The construction employing the cross laminates timber (CLT) panels was offered as a method of large scale building in domestic and foreign countries. However, the seismic design method of CLT panel construction has never completed. So, in order to consider the seismic design method, the shaking table tests and static lateral load tests were conducted to the modelized CLT panel construction.
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Estimation of Bending Stiffness, Moment Carrying Capacity and Internal Shear Force of Sugi CLT Panel

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue622
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Okabe, Minoru
Yasumura, Motoi
Kobayashi, Kenji
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Internal Shear Strength
Bending Strength
Moment Carrying Capacity
Monte Carlo
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
CLT panels consist of several layers of lumber stacked crosswise and glued together on their faces. Prototype Sugi CLT floor panels were manufactured and bending and internal shear tests were carried out under the different parameters of lumber MOE, number of layers, thickness of lumber and thickness of CLT panels. On the basis of above tests, internal shear strength, bending stiffness and moment carrying capacity were estimated based on the lumber properties by Monte Carlo method. Bending stiffness EI of CLT panels could be estimated by adopting parallel layer theory and equivalent section area. Experimental moment carrying capacity showed 12% higher value than the calculated moment carrying capacity by average lumber failure method, and also showed 45% higher value than the calculated moment carrying capacity by minimum lumber failure method due to the reinforcement of the outer layer by the neighboring cross layer. Experimental internal shear force of CLT panel showed 30% higher value than the calculated one.
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Failure Analysis of CLT Shear Walls with Opening Subjected to Horizontal and Vertical Loads

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1655
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Author
Yasumura, Motoi
Kobayashi, Kenji
Okabe, Minoru
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Opening
FEM
Horizontal Loading
Failure
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 3555-3562
Summary
CLT wall panels having an opening were subjected to horizontal loading and the failure process of CLT around the opening was compared with the simulation by Finite Element Method. Three types of CLT wall panels of 3500mm length and 2700mm height had an opening of 1500mm length and 900mm to 2000mm height at the center of the wall panel. During the racking test of wall panel cracks appeared at the corner of the opening. The wall panel was modelled with three models. One included a single orthotropic plane element calculated from the mechanical properties parallel and perpendicular direction of lamina layout (Model I). Another included two orthotropic plane elements crossed each other and connected at each nodal point based on the mechanical property of lamina composing the panel (Model II). The third model included laminae of 30-by 120mm cross section arranged vertical and horizontal directions (Model III). The simulation by each model predicted comparatively well the initial shear stiffness of CLT wall panels and the initiation of cracks at the corner of opening.
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Full Scale Shake Table Tests on Five Story and Three Story CLT Building Structures

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1670
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Kawai, Naohito
Miyake, Tatsuya
Yasumura, Motoi
Isoda, Hiroshi
Koshihara, Mikio
Nakajima, Shiro
Araki, Yasuhiro
Nakagawa, Takafumi
Sato, Motoshi
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Keywords
Full Scale
Shake Table Tests
Japan
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 3828-3835
Summary
The national research project to investigate proper structural design method for CLT (Cross Laminated Timber) buildings has been advanced by the subsidy of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism of Japan since 2011. This paper provides the outline of shake table tests executed as a part of the project in February 2015. Two specimens, one (Specimen A) is five story and another (Specimen B) is three story, were tested. As the result, for both specimens damage was rather slight by the strong input wave according to the Building Standard Law of Japan. Finally, Specimen A survived three dimensional input wave of 100% of JMA Kobe (strong ground motion recorded during Kobe Earthquake in 1995), and Specimen B survived 140% of JMA Kobe.
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In-Plane Shear Test of Full Scale Cross Laminated Timber Panels

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue602
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Author
Araki, Yasuhiro
Nakajima, Shiro
Yamaguchi, Yoshinobu
Nakagawa, Takafumi
Miyatake, Atsushi
Yasumura, Motoi
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Panels
In-Plane Shear Test
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The in-plane shear specimens of full scale CLT panels are tested. From the test results, about the failure behaviour, if there is finger joint near the shear plane, cracks are tended to progress along the joint was confirmed. About the maximum shear unit stress was about 3N/mm2 , and shear stiffness was about 600GPa calculated as the total cross section effective. CLT is composed of longitudinal layers and cross layers. When the CLT is used as shear wall, it is important to understand the in-plane shear performance in order to control the structural performance of wall and joints and the collapse mechanism. Therefore, the in-plane shear specimens of full scale CLT panels are tested.
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Prediction of Bending Stiffness and Moment Carrying Capacity of Sugi Cross-Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue604
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Okabe, Minoru
Yasumura, Motoi
Kobayashi, Kenji
Fujita, Kazuhiko
Publisher
Springer Japan
Year of Publication
2013
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Bending Stiffness
Moment Carrying Capacity
Monte Carlo
Modulus of Elasticity
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Wood Science
Summary
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) panels consist of several layers of lumber stacked crosswise and glued together on their faces. Prototype sugi CLT floor panels were manufactured and bending tests were carried out under the different parameters of lumber modulus of elasticity (MOE), number of layers, thickness of lumber and thickness of CLT panels. On the basis of above tests, bending stiffness and moment carrying capacity were predicted by Monte Carlo method. MOE of lumber was measured by using grading machine and tensile strength of lumber was assumed to be 60 % of bending strength based on the obtained bending test. Bending stiffness EI of CLT panels could be estimated by adopting composite theory and equivalent section area. Experimental moment carrying capacity showed 12 % higher value than the calculated moment carrying capacity by average lumber failure method, and also showed 45 % higher value than the calculated moment carrying capacity by minimum lumber failure method due to the reinforcement of the outer layer by the neighboring cross layer.
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Racking Resistance and Ductility of CLT Shear Walls Under Horizontal and Vertical Loads

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue457
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Author
Yasumura, Motoi
Ito, Yoshimasa
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Yield Load
Ultimate Load
Failure Modes
Joints
Hold-Down
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The determination procedure of the failure mechanism of CLT shear walls due to the failure of joints was presented in the 45th CIB-W18 meeting in Vaxjo1. It showed that the reliability based analysis based on the ultimate capacity of fasteners predicted quite well the failure process of shear walls when a rigid loading beam was applied. However, the failure process due to the failure of hold-down connectors was not very clear when the flexible loading beam was used. Therefore additional lateral loading tests were conducted by using flexible loading beam as shown in Fig.1 with different procedures to determine the failure mode. This new procedure based on the yield strength of shear plates and the ultimate capacity of hold-down connectors showed better determination of the failure mechanism of CLT shear walls without conspicuous slips between CLT panels. This paper shows the racking test results of CLT shear walls with different failure modes. The failure modes of shear walls were designed by using reliability analysis considering the failure of the hold down connections at the bottom end of shear wall and that of the joints connecting two CLT panels at the centre of the wall. It was shown that the design of joints with the yield capacity Py for the central joints SP and the ultimate capacity Pu for the hold down connection HD (Mode III) determined well the precedence of HD failure without slips in SP and showed high capacity, while Modes I and II failure showed higher ductility than Mode III failure.
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Seismic Design Cases of CLT Buildings in Japan after 2014

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1672
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Watanabe, Hiroshi
Miyake, Tatsuya
Matsumoto, Kazuyuki
Tsuchimoto, Takahiro
Isoda, Hiroshi
Kawai, Naohito
Yasumura, Motoi
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Keywords
Japan
Time History Response Analysis
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 3853-3860
Summary
In this paper, the general process and results of the seismic design on four buildings with Japanese CLT construction after 2014 based on the time history response analysis as the only legal structural design method in Japan at the present moment, are shown. As a result, it is recognized that the buildings has enough seismic performance for the regulation of seismic design in Japan.
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18 records – page 1 of 2.