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An experimental and modeling study on apparent bending moduli of cross-laminated bamboo and timber (CLBT) in orthogonal strength directions

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2914
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Li, Hao
Wang, Brad
Wang, Libin
Wei, Yang
Organization
Nanjing Forestry University
Southwest Forestry University
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Bending Performance
Modeling Analysis
Cross-laminated Bamboo and Timber
Research Status
Complete
Series
Case Study in Construction Materials
Summary
In this paper, the bending properties of a 3-ply cross-laminated bamboo and timber (CLBT), prefabricated with the bamboo mat-curtain panel and hem-fir lumber, were examined in the major and minor strength directions, and a 3-ply hem-fir cross-laminated timber (CLT) was taken as a control group. The analytical model for the sum of the orthogonal apparent bending moduli with the two types of layer classifications were proposed, and the two kinds of contribution models were developed to analyze the apparent bending modulus variation behavior of the CLBT and CLT panels in the major and minor strength directions. The experimental results showed that since the CLBT group had more internal orthogonal structures, its difference in the bending properties between the major and minor strength directions was lower than that of the CLT group. Furthermore, the proposed contribution models quantitatively analyzed the relationship between the apparent bending moduli of the CLBT and CLT panels and the corresponding composition layer characteristics. The contribution model to characterize the apparent bending modulus in major and minor strength directions demonstrated good agreement with the test results. Based on this model interpreted by three-dimensional figures, the contribution variation characteristics in the major and minor strength directions were revealed.
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Experimental Study on Timber-Lightweight Concrete Composite Beams with Ductile Bolt Connectors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue3063
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Floors
Author
Hu, Yafeng
Wei, Yang
Chen, Si
Yan, Yadong
Zhang, Weiyao
Organization
Nanjing Forestry University
Editor
Corradi, Marco
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Composite Beam
Lightweight Concrete
Bending Performance
Shear Connections
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials
Summary
A timber–lightweight-concrete (TLC) composite beam connected with a ductile connector in which the ductile connector is made of a stainless-steel bolt anchored with nuts at both ends was proposed. The push-out results and bending performance of the TLC composite specimens were investigated by experimental testing. The push-out results of the shear specimens show that shear–slip curves exhibit good ductility and that their failure can be attributed to bolt buckling accompanied by lightweight concrete cracking. Through the bending tests of ten TLC composite beams and two contrast (pure timber) beams, the effects of different bolt diameters on the strengthening effect of the TLC composite beams were studied. The results show that the TLC composite beams and contrast timber beams break on the timber fiber at the lowest edge of the TLC composite beam, and the failure mode is attributed to bending failure, whereas the bolt connectors and lightweight concrete have no obvious breakage; moreover, the ductile bolt connectors show a good connection performance until the TLC composite beams fail. The ultimate bearing capacities of the TLC composite beams increase 2.03–3.5 times compared to those of the contrast beams, while the mid-span maximum deformation decrease nearly doubled.
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Free
Resource Link
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