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6 records – page 1 of 1.

Bridge Deterioration Quantification Protocol Using UAV

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1966
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Serviceability
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Duque, Luis
Seo, Junwon
Wacker, James
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Serviceability
Keywords
Bridge
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UAV
Photogrammetry
Damage
Field Measurements
Pixel
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Bridge Engineering
Summary
This paper focuses on evaluating the effectiveness of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) as a supplementary bridge damage quantification tool. For this study, a glued-laminated timber arch bridge in South Dakota was selected, and an UAV was utilized for the bridge damage quantification. A recommended four-stage UAV-enabled bridge damage quantification protocol involving image quality assessment and image-based damage quantification was developed...
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Free
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Development of a Smart Timber Bridge (Phase III): Moisture and Strain Sensor Investigation for Historic Covered Bridges

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2182
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Moisture
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Phares, Brent
Pence, Trevor
Wacker, James
Hosteng, Travis
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Report
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Moisture
Keywords
Moisture Content
Sensor
Strain
Reliability
Accuracy
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
General Technical Report
Summary
Nationwide, bridges are deteriorating at a rate faster than they can be rehabilitated and maintained. This has resulted in a search for new methods to rehabilitate, repair, manage, and construct bridges. As a result, structural health monitoring and smart structure concepts have emerged to help improve bridge management. In the case of timber bridges, however, a limited amount of research as been conducted on long-term structural health monitoring solutions, and this is especially true in regards to historic covered timber bridges. To date, evaluation efforts of timber bridges have focused primarily on visual inspection data to determine the structural integrity of timber structures. To fill this research need and help improve timber bridge inspection and management strategies, a 5-year research plan to develop a smart timber bridge structure was undertaken. The overall goal of the 5-year plan was to develop a turnkey system to analyze, monitor, and report on the performance and condition of timber bridges. This report outlines one phase of the 5-year research plan and focuses on developing and attaching moisture sensors onto timber bridge components. The goal was to investigate the potential for sensor technologies to reliably monitor the in situ moisture content of the timber members in historic covered bridges, especially those recently rehabilitated with glulam materials. The timber-specific moisture sensors detailed in this report and the data collected from them will assist in advancing the smart timber bridge.
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Free
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Effectiveness of Several NDE Technologies in Detecting Moisture Pockets and: Artificial Defects in Sawn Timber and Glulam

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue778
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Serviceability
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Solid-sawn Heavy Timber
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Wacker, James
Senalik, Christopher
Wang, Xping
Jalinoos, Frank
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Solid-sawn Heavy Timber
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Serviceability
Keywords
Decay
Douglas-Fir
Moisture Pockets
Non-Destructive Evaluation
Scanning
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria
Summary
Several nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technologies were studied to determine their efficacy as scanning devices to detect internal moisture and artificial decay pockets. Large bridge-sized test specimens, including sawn timber and glued-laminated timbe...
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Free
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Evaluating the Use of Drones for Timber Bridge Inspection

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1835
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
General Information

Field Performance of Timber Bridges: A National Study

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2127
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Design and Systems
Serviceability
Material
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Brashaw, Brian
Wacker, James
Jalinoos, Frank
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Design and Systems
Serviceability
Keywords
Timber Construction
Inspection
Non-Destructive Evaluation
Service Life
Language
English
Conference
International Conference on Timber Bridges
Research Status
Complete
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Identifying Incipient Decay in Douglas-fir Bridge Components using X-Ray Computerized Tomography

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2350
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Moisture
Serviceability
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Solid-sawn Heavy Timber
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Senalik, Christopher
Wacker, James
Wang, Xiping
Wu, Xi
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Solid-sawn Heavy Timber
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Design and Systems
Moisture
Serviceability
Keywords
X-ray Computerized Tomography
Wood Timber
Brown Rot Fungus
Incipient Decay
Language
English
Conference
International Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation of Wood Symposium
Research Status
Complete
Summary
In this report, wooden members of sizes typically used in bridge construction are examined using x-ray computerized tomography (CT) to determine the presence of internal decay. This report is part of an overall study in which Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) glue-laminated (glulam) beams and solid sawn timbers were inoculated with brown rot fungus, Fomitopsis pinicola, and exposed to aboveground conditions approximately 25 miles (40 km) north of Gulfport, Mississippi, USA. The goal of the overall study is to develop interior decay within the test specimens and then identify and characterize the decay using a variety of nondestructive testing (NDT) techniques. One NDT technique used is x-ray CT. The pixel brightness (PB) of CT scan images is proportional to the specific gravity (SG) at that location; high SG materials appear brighter whereas low SG materials appear darker. The consumption of wood by fungus decreases the wood SG; however, fungal progression takes place in areas where sufficient moisture is present. The presence of moisture increases wood SG as detected by the CT scan, which masks the effect of the fungal decay, which is a common co-occurrence with many NDT techniques. To identify incipient decay, it is necessary to examine the ring structure both within and outside of the area of moisture. Quantifying the extent of the decay requires correlating the PB to known SG values for both dry wood and wood of varying moisture content. In this report, the relationship between wood SG, moisture content, and PB was quantified.
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Free
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6 records – page 1 of 1.