Unlike other solid wood panel systems, ICLT panels are manufactured without the use of adhesives or fasteners. Wood members are connected with tongue-andgroove joints within a given layer and with dovetail joints across layers. This reduces cost and allows ICLT panels to be disassembled at end of life to be repurposed in the building material supply chain. In addition, ICLT panels provide a means to utilize lumber from trees killed by mountain pine beetle.
Durability is critical for sustainable construction, and avoidance of moisture accumulation in wood structural members is essential for long-term performance. Little work has been done specifically on hygrothermal performance of massive timber construction.
The objective of this research is to identify building envelope design and construction practices for robust hygrothermal performance of ICLT walls in multiple U.S. climates.
European Conference on Cross Laminated Timber (CLT)
May 21-22, 2013, Graz, Austria
Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) is an innovative wood product, which can be used for almost all superstructure elements. It is generally produced from kiln dried, fast growing timber. Currently the majority of CLT used within the UK construction industry is manufactured in central mainland Europe and imported to the UK. The goal of this study is to establish the conditions required for implementing a CLT production and construction capability using available UK timber stock, thus offering a low carbon alternative to multi-story steel and concrete commercial constructions.
Mass timber is a family of Solid Laminate Timber Systems (SLTS) formed from smaller sections of timber connected by glue, mechanical fixings, moisture movement or a combination of methods. These products, which include Structural Composite Lumber, GluLam, Cross Lam, Nail Lam and Dowel Lam (or Brettstapel), have over the past two decades seen an extraordinary upsurge in use internationally. This global phenomenon has been driven by a greater emphasis on the sustainable use of renewable resources and by significant technological developments in the manufacture of SLTS. This research paper considers the merits of each of these products, their manufacturing processes and the corresponding quality assurance requirements necessary for successful project delivery. The paper describes the advantages and barriers to the use of the mass timber and provides an overview of the various aspects to be considered during design for offsite and modular construction. The work presented also provides case studies of how these products have been researched and utilised into live projects in the UK utilising local resource resulting in the formation of new supply chain arrangements. The work further explains the advantages of the respective systems for the given application including information on species selection, connection systems employed and the necessary onsite and offsite management approaches deployed.
This project evaluates off-site solid timber production processes in the international solid timber industry. The Solid Timber Construction (STC) projects documented herein provide a test bed to evaluate project performance metrics attributed to off-site construction. This study also evaluates the contingent qualitative environmental, organizational and technological contextual factors related to STC. The study therefore:
Investigates and documents STC projects to identify successful performance metric parameters: economics, schedule, scope, quality, risk, and worker safety.
Compares this data to traditional site built construction to determine the estimated added value or negative impact of STC.
Identifies qualitative contextual parameters including environment, organization and technology for successfully developing STC methods;
Creates a model for data gathering for STC stakeholders to report their own performance parameters and thereby create a robust database of off-site projects in the future.
Synthesizes holistic best processes and practices guide for the industry looking to engage in STC work.