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Assessing the Complexity of Timber Gridshells in Architecture through Shape, Structure, and Material Classification

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1876
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Application
Shell Structures

Design Process of a Free-Form Structure Using CLT Panels - Analysis of an Architectural Large Scale Structure

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1640
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Tolszczuk-Leclerc, Zoé
Bernier-Lavigne, Samuel
Salenikovich, Alexander
Potvin, André
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Fabrication
CNC
Free-Form
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 3179-3186
Summary
This research is about the design process, development and fabrication of a free-form structure in crosslaminated timber (CLT) panels. Since sustainability, ecology and structural design are now relevant in any building project, the purpose of this research is to demonstrate that CLT panels can be used as an ecoresponsive strategy based on a building form. This paper presents the use of a tessellation construction system for designing and producing a freeform surface in CLT for a specific regional and industrial context. The research/creation process and the retroactive simulation generated by the parametric modelling software enabled the development of a singular architectural project where the structural aspect and the manufacturing are the inherent part of the integrated design process. Finally, the cutting files can be generated automatically for an easy transfer to CNC machine tools.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Development of a Wooden Adaptive Architectural System: A Design-Build Approach

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue486
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Potvin, André
Demers, Claude
DuMontier, Cédric
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Computer Numerically Controlled
Manufacturing
Prefabrication
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The design-build of a Wooden Adaptive Architectural System is part of a larger research-creation project on Adaptive Architecture (AA) [1] exploring the entire design process leading to a fully adaptable three story high 1:3/4 wooden structure. This system allows the easy manoeuvrability by the occupants of walls and floors in x, y and z directions in order to adapt the space to their environmental and functional needs. The omnidirectional mobility criteria challenged conventional building techniques and led to an innovative all-wood rigid node. Extensive prototyping using digital fabrication allowed the team to optimize the node assemblage and precision through parametric experimentation before proper production. The Wooden Adaptive Architectural System, made of 2000 prefabricated sticks measuring as little as 1 ¾” x 1 ¾” x 24” provides fully adaptive space configurations and be easily deconstructed, transported, and reassembled in totally new building shapes.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Modeling the Impact of Assembly Tolerances Regarding Air Leaks on the Energy Efficiency and Durability of a Cross-Laminated Timber Structure

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2365
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Energy Performance
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Martin, Ulysse
Blanchet, Pierre
Potvin, André
Publisher
North Carolina State University
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Energy Performance
Design and Systems
Keywords
Energy Efficiency
Air Leakage
HAM Analysis
Durability Assessment
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
BioResources
Summary
Air leaks have a considerable impact on the energy load and durability of buildings, particularly in cold climates. In wood construction using cross-laminated timber (CLT), air leaks are most likely to be concentrated at the joints between panels and other elements. This study used simulations of heat, air, and moisture transfers through a gap between two CLT panels causing air leakage in winter conditions under a cold climate. A real leakage occurrence was sized to validate the simulations. The aim of this work was to assess the impact on the energy loads and the durability of an air leak, as either infiltration or exfiltration, for different gap widths and relative humidity levels. The results showed that infiltrations had a greater impact on the energy load than exfiltrations but did not pose a threat to the durability, as opposed to exfiltrations. Gap sizes in CLT may vary, but the effect on the energy load was sensitive to the leakage path in the rest of the wall. As expected, a combination of winter exfiltration and a high level of interior relative humidity was particularly detrimental.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail