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Dowelled Timber Connections with Internal Members of Densified Veneer Wood and Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Dowels

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1498
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Author
Palma, Pedro
Kobel, Peter
Minor, Alexander
Frangi, Andrea
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Timber-to-Timber
Densified Veneer Wood
Fibre-Reinforced Polymer
Dowel Type Fastener
Embedment Tests
Bending Test
Shear Test
Full Scale
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 236-243
Summary
The mechanical behaviour of timber-to-timber connections with internal panels of densified veneer wood (DVW) and fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) dowels was experimentally assessed and a design method, based on EN 1995-1-1, was developed. Embedment tests on DVW plates and bending/shear tests on FRP dowels were performed to characterise these components, followed by full-scale tests of connections assembled with these materials. The results show that these connections exhibit a mechanical behaviour compatible with structural applications, regarding both load-carrying capacity and ductility. The proposed design model is based on EN 1995-1-1’s expressions for connections with dowel-type fasteners and gives good predictions of the experimental load-carrying capacities.
Online Access
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Needs for Total Fire Engineering of Mass Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1674
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Bartlett, Alastair
Wiesner, Felix
Hadden, Rory
Bisby, Luke
Lane, Barbara
Lawrence, Andrew
Palma, Pedro
Frangi, Andrea
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Fire
Keywords
Fire Safety
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 3888-3897
Summary
Fire safety is widely perceived as a barrier to implementation of tall timber buildings, particularly for engineered mass timber buildings with significant areas of exposed timber and timber structural framing. This negative perception is exacerbated by a lack of scientific data or experimental evidence on a range of potentially important issues that must be properly understood to undertake rational, performance-based engineering design of such structures. With the goal of delivering fully engineered structural fire designs, this paper presents and discusses a framework for using scientific knowledge, along with fire engineering tools and methods, to enable the design of timber buildings such that, when subject to real fire loads, their performance is quantified. The steps in this framework are discussed with reference to the available literature, in an effort to highlight areas where additional knowledge and tools are needed.
Online Access
Free
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Numerical Modelling of the Hygro-Thermal Response of Timber Bridges During their Service Life: A Monitoring Case-Study

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2167
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Serviceability
Moisture
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Fortino, Stefania
Genoese, Alessandra
Genoese, Andrea
Nunes, Lina
Palma, Pedro
Organization
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
University of Calabria
Universidade dos Açores
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2013
Format
Journal Article
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Serviceability
Moisture
Keywords
Bridge
Variable Environment
Monitoring Techniques
Moisture Induced Stress
Multi-Fickian Theory
Finite Element Method
Abaqus Code
Research Status
Complete
Series
Construction and Building Materials
Summary
The monitoring of timber bridges during their service life is important for the maintenance plans of these structures. Numerical modelling can integrate the monitoring techniques by reducing the needed inspections and the maintenance costs. In this paper a 3D computational model based on a well assessed multi-Fickian theory is implemented in Abaqus FEM code. The hygro-thermal response of a timber pedestrian bridge is simulated during a period of its service life. The numerical results are in agreement with measurements taken by a sensor-based technique. Conclusions are given on the moisture gradients which could generate the so-called moisture induced stresses (MIS).
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