A group of six glued laminated timber beams was tested in four-point bending until failure. Both standard measuring devices mounted to the beams and digital cameras were employed to provide for a continuous measuring of displacements and strains as well as visualization of damage evolution and subsequently for quantification of damage mechanisms leading to failure of individual beams. This was accompanied by identification of positions of all visible knots and finger joints. It is shown that their distribution plays an important role in the onset of damage evolution and final failure pattern.
Twenty real dimensions beams from the glued laminated timber were tested in our previously works. Twenty advanced FE models were created precisely according to tested beams. Input files for FE models are lengths of segments and local moduli of elasticity. The segment is part of lamella between two finger joints. Each local modulus of elasticity was obtained via non-destructive penetration test. The output for comparison between real beam and FE model is displacement in half span. The quality of input data file from experiments is very important for the good agreement between real tested beams and FE models. In advanced FE models is described distribution of local moduli of elasticity via distribution function. The solution is based on the LHS. Accuracy of each distribution function is dependent on the number of measured local moduli of elasticity. In presented work was used probabilistic approach for determination of corresponding number of penetration tests as function of segments lengths. Results of this analysis will be used in the latter series of bending tests of new real dimensions beams and corresponding advanced FE models.
The paper concentrates on the determination of local elastic moduli of timber in the fiber direction. To that end a single commercially produced glued timber beam was subjected to 3600 penetration measurements. The beam was first covered by a regular grid of monitoring points at which the depth of indentation was measured. The pin was shot into the wood with a given energy (Pilodin 6J). We expect the measured elastic moduli to serve as an input for advanced finite element simulations on the bases of stochastic analysis. In such a case the local measured moduli represent in a given segment of each lamella an ensemble of data characterized by a selected probability distribution. These distributions are then employed in the LHS based stochastic simulation to provide probability distribution of the maximum deflection for a given load level. Apart from that it appears meaningful to compare independently the probability distributions of the elastic moduli for segments of the lamella (these may considerably differ owing to the specifics of the production of structures made from glued lamella timber) with statistical data from the whole beam. Based on the measured data the correlation matrix relating statistical dependence of individual segments can be estimated thus improving the quality of the stochastic model.