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Assessing the Complexity of Timber Gridshells in Architecture through Shape, Structure, and Material Classification

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1876
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Application
Shell Structures
Author
Charest, Philippe
Potvin, André
Demers, Claude
Ménard, Sylvain
Publisher
North Carolina State University
Year of Publication
2019
Format
Journal Article
Application
Shell Structures
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Timber gridshells
Free-Form
Architectural Complexity
Non-Standard Grids
Natural Composite Materials
Research Status
Complete
Series
BioResources
Summary
New possibilities offered by recent modelling software allow the design of organic shapes that are appealing to architects and engineers but may encompass serious issues such as an overconsumption of materials. In this context, there is a renewed interest in systems allowing the materialization of curved surfaces such as timber gridshells, which can be defined as shells with their structures concentrated in strips. However, gridshell design becomes highly challenging if complex grid configurations and new material possibilities are combinedly explored with form generations. These upheavals highlight the need for a classification system to seize the potential and the limitations of timber gridshells to address complex geometries. The classification of 60 timber gridshells enables a critical examination in the course of the ceaseless quest for complexity in architecture by evaluating current building possibilities and predict future building opportunities in terms of form, structure, and materiality.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Development of a Vibroacoustic Stochastic Finite Element Prediction Tool for a CLT Floor

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2008
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors

Performance of Notched Connectors for CLT-Concrete Composite Floors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2656
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Van Thai, Minh
Ménard, Sylvain
Elachachi, Sidi Mohammed
Galimard, Philippe
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Notched Connections
Finite Element Model
Connectors
Deconstructable Connections
Screw
Research Status
Complete
Series
Buildings
Summary
CLT-concrete composite floor systems are a solution for timber buildings with a long-span floor. It yields a reduction of carbon footprint and even eco-friendly structure at the end of its service life. This study will evaluate the structural performance of notched connectors in the CLT-concrete composite floor, comprised of the serviceability stiffness, maximum load, and behavior at failure. The parameters of the test plan are the loaded edge length, the notch depth, the concrete thickness, and the screw length. Other secondary variables are also assessed, such as different loading sequences, speed of test, and timber moisture content. Experimental results prove that the performance of the connector depends significantly but not linearly on the notch depth and the length of the loaded edge. The connector with a deeper notch and a shorter heel will be stiffer and more robust, but it also tends to have a brittle rupture. The test results also help validate a solution for deconstructable connector systems. A nonlinear finite element model of the connector is built and validated versus the experimental results. It yields reasonably good predictions in terms of resistance and can capture the load-slip relationship.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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