Hybrid cross laminated timber (HCLT) was fabricated using lumber (Spruce-pine-fir,SPF) and laminated veneer lumber (LVL), the bending and shear performances of which were evaluated. Three types of CLT panels, one generic CLT (used as control) and two types HCLT, were fabricated. The failure modes of CLT and HCLT were visually examined and recorded. The mechanical properties measured included the bending properties (in the major direction) and shear properties (in both major and minor directions). It was found that the planar shear failure of cross layer was the key and primary failure mode of CLT and HCLT under bending. Lumber and LVL had different direction of crack propagation in planar shear, and LVL had lower planar shear properties than SPF lumber. The weak zones in the radial-tangential (RT) section of wood including earlywood/laterwood boundary and wood ray were easy to occur shear failure. The HCLT having LVL as the outer layer had the highest bending and shear strengths. The modulus of elasticity (MOE) of the HCLT having LVL as the outer layer and lumber as the cross layer was 17.6% higher than that of generic CLT. However, the HCLT having lumber as the outer layer and LVL as the cross layer had the lowest mechanical properties.