The present work aims to define horizontal joint dimension tolerances for newly proposed prefabricated façade systems for applications in tall cross laminated timber (CLT) buildings based on the compression perpendicular to grain characteristics of the component. This requires a thorough understanding of structural settlement under vertical loads which can vary at each floor height. An experimental program has been carried out with reference to the case of a platform frame building construction, where major perpendicular to grain compression of the floor can occur under high loads. Five-layer CLT specimens have been tested under compression via the application of a line load with steel plate as well as actual CLT wall specimens. Strengthening contribution using full threaded self-tapping wood screws has also been investigated. Results of deformation characteristics have been validated through a non-linear finite element analysis and further elaborated in order to outline implications in the design of a prefabricated façade.
In order to study the lateral resistance of reinforced glued-laminated timber post and beam structures, nine cyclic tests on full-scale one-storey, one-bay timber post and beam construction specimens were carried out. Two reinforcement methods (wrapping fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) and implanting self-tapping screws) and two structural systems (simple frame and knee-braced frame) were considered in the experimental tests. Based on the experimental phenomena and test results, feasibility of the reinforcement was discussed, contribution between different methods was evaluated, and the seismic performances of the specimens were studied. Results showed that both the two reinforcement methods could restrain the development of crack, and recover the strength, stiffness and energy dissipation capacity. It also showed that the lateral resistance could be improved significantly when the failed simple frame retrofitted by reinforcing the joint and adding knee-brace, and this approach can be very practical in engineering.