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6 records – page 1 of 1.

Fire Endurance of Cross-Laminated Timber Floor and Wall Assemblies for Tall Wood Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1094
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Floors
Author
Su, Joseph
Roy-Poirier, Audrey
Leroux, Patrice
Lafrance, Pier-Simon
Gratton, Karl
Gibbs, Eric
Berzins, Robert
Organization
National Research Council of Canada
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Floors
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Tall Wood
Full Scale
Fiberglass Wool
Encapsulated
Type X Gypsum Board
Fire Endurance Tests
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Standard fire endurance tests were performed on a full-scale floor assembly and a full-scale wall assembly constructed with cross-laminated timber (CLT) as the main structural element. The full-scale floor assembly consisted of CLT panels encapsulated with fiberglass wool and a single layer of 15.9 mm thick Type X gypsum board on the exposed side and with two layers of 12.7 mm thick cement board on the unexposed side. The full-scale wall assembly was constructed from CLT panels encapsulated with two layers of 15.9 mm thick Type X gypsum board on both faces. Nine thermocouples were installed on the unexposed face of both assemblies to monitor the temperature rise throughout the test and nine deflection gauges were installed on each assembly to monitor deformations. The superimposed load applied on the floor assembly was 9.4 kN/m² and the load imposed on the wall assembly was 449 kN/m. The fire endurance period of the full-scale floor assembly was 128 minutes and that of the full-scale wall assembly 219 minutes. Both the full-scale floor assembly and the full-scale wall assembly failed structurally afterwards under the applied loading. No hose stream tests were carried out on the fullscale floor and wall assemblies.
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Fire Testing of Rooms with Exposed Wood Surfaces in Encapsulated Mass Timber Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1867
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Su, Joseph
Leroux, Patrice
Lafrance, Pier-Simon
Berzins, Robert
Gibbs, Eric
Weinfurter, Mark
Organization
National Research Council of Canada
Publisher
National Research Council Canada. Construction
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Encapsulated
Mass Timber
Fire Tests
Fire Performance
Char Layer
Fire Regrowth
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Client Report (National Research Council Canada. Construction)
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Full-Scale Standard Fire Resistance Test of a Wall Assembly for Use in Lower Storeys Of Mid-Rise Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue347
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Fire
Material
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Lafrance, Pier-Simon
Berzins, Robert
Leroux, Patrice
Su, Joseph
Lougheed, Gary
Organization
National Research Council of Canada
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Fire Resistance
Mid-Rise
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
A research project, Wood and Wood-Hybrid Midrise Buildings, was undertaken to develop information to be used as the basis for alternative/acceptable solutions for mid-rise construction using wood structural elements. As one approach, encapsulation materials could be used to protect the combustible (wood) structural materials for a period of time in order to delay the effects of the fire on the combustible structural elements, including delay of ignition. In delaying ignition, any effects of the combustion of the combustible structural elements on the fire severity can be delayed. In some cases, and depending upon the amount of encapsulating material used (e.g. number of layers), ignition of the elements might be avoided completely. This scenario would primarily depend upon the fire event and the actual fire performance of the encapsulating materials used. The effectiveness of the encapsulation approach in limiting the involvement of wood structural materials in fires was demonstrated in the research project through bench-, intermediate- and full-scale fire experiments.
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Free
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Nail Laminated Timber Compartment Fire Tests

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2165
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Fire
Design and Systems
Material
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Rooms
Wood Building Systems

Solution for Mid-Rise Wood Construction: Full-Scale Standard Fire Resistance Tests of Wall Assemblies for Use in Lower Storeys of Mid-Rise Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue346
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Design and Systems
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Walls
Author
Lafrance, Pier-Simon
Berzins, Robert
Leroux, Patrice
Su, Joseph
Lougheed, Gary
Bénichou, Noureddine
Organization
National Research Council of Canada
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Walls
Topic
Design and Systems
Fire
Keywords
Mid-Rise
Full Scale
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
A research project, Wood and Wood-Hybrid Midrise Buildings, was undertaken to develop information to be used as the basis for alternative/acceptable solutions for mid-rise construction using wood structural elements. The effectiveness of the encapsulation approach in limiting the involvement of wood structural materials in fires was demonstrated in this research project through bench-, intermediate- and full-scale fire experiments. These results for encapsulated lightweight wood-frame (LWF) systems and encapsulated cross-laminated timber (CLT) systems are documented in a series of reports [3, 4, 5, 6]. In addition to developing the encapsulation approach for protecting the wood structural materials to meet the above code intent, research was undertaken to examine standard fire resistance of encapsulated wood structural assemblies for use in mid-rise wood/timber buildings. One of the major differences between structural LWF assemblies used in mid-rise wood buildings (5-6 storeys) and low-rise wood buildings (= 4 stories) is the wall assemblies for the lower storeys. For mid-rise wood buildings, loadbearing wall assemblies on the lower storeys have to be designed to resist higher axial loads due to the self-weight of the upper storeys, which often result in the need for larger-size stud members and/or a greater number of studs, and higher lateral loads in case of seismic events or wind loads, which often requires the use of wood shear panels within the wall assembly. These wall assemblies very often will need to meet standard fire resistance requirements, and therefore, information regarding their standard fire-resistance ratings should be developed. This report documents the results of fullscale furnace tests conducted to develop standard fire-resistance ratings of encapsulated LWF assemblies for use in mid-rise applications.
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Free
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Solutions for Mid-Rise Wood Construction: Intermediate-Scale Furnace Tests with Encapsulation Materials

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue353
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Berzins, Robert
Lafrance, Pier-Simon
Leroux, Patrice
Lougheed, Gary
Su, Joseph
Bénichou, Noureddine
Organization
National Research Council of Canada
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Encapsulation
Mid-Rise
Furnace Tests
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The acceptable solutions provided in the 2010 National Building Code (NBC) Division B [1] limits the use of combustible (wood) construction based on building height. For example, for Group C (Residential), Group D (Business and Personal Services) and Group E (Mercantile) occupancies, combustible construction can be used up to 4 storeys, and up to 2 storeys for Group A – Division 2 (Assembly) occupancies. In addition to the building height limitation, there are also building area limitations in the 2010 NBC for the use of combustible construction for these occupancies. For buildings that exceed the height and area requirements for combustible construction, the prescriptive requirements in the 2010 NBC require that noncombustible construction be used for the primary structural elements. Three materials were selected for investigation as encapsulation materials for combustible structural elements: Type X gypsum board (12.7 mm thick and 15.9 mm thick), cement board (12.7 mm thick) and gypsum-concrete (25 mm thick and 39 mm thick). This report documents the results of intermediate-scale furnace tests conducted to investigate the performance of the three encapsulation materials.
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Free
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6 records – page 1 of 1.