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Mass Timber Construction as an Alternative to Concrete and Steel in the Australia Building Industry: A Pestel Evaluation of the Potential

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue67
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Kremer, Paul
Symmons, Mark
Publisher
Taylor&Francis Online
Year of Publication
2015
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Australia
Construction
Market
Research Status
Complete
Series
International Wood Products Journal
Summary
The present paper is the first to conceptually assess the viability of mass timber construction (MTC) as an alternative construction material/method in Australia. It fulfills an identified need to examine an innovative construction process providing much needed information concerning the technologies current position and future disruption to traditional construction methods. A common tool used in business management studies, the PESTEL model, Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental and Legal is employed to provide structure for a strategic analysis of the technology. Mass timber construction clearly demonstrates some advantages including cost savings, primarily in the reduction in on-site labour costs; a lower environmental impact and use of a renewable resource; and possibility of improved amenity and reduced running costs for owners and occupiers. The estimated market potential for MTC in Australia indicates that a local plant might be viable as the market grows, and warrants funding to underpin a full feasibility assessment.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Mass Timber Construction in Australia and New Zealand—Status, and Economic and Environmental Influences on Adoption

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2678
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Evison, David
Kremer, Paul
Guiver, Jason
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Non-Residential
Prefabrication
Design
Construction
Research Status
Complete
Series
Wood and Fiber Science
Summary
Mass timber construction in Australia and New Zealand uses three main materials—laminated veneer lumber, glue laminated timber and cross-laminated timber (CLT). This article focuses on the use of mass timber in nonresidential construction—the use in single-family homes and apartments is not considered. In Australia and New Zealand, mass timber building technology has moved from being technologically possible to being a feasible alternative to reinforced concrete and steel construction. It has not taken over a large market share in either market and, as such, has not been a disruptive technology. The major changes in this market in the past 5-10 yr in Australia and New Zealand have been the development of new industrial capacity in CLT and the acquisition of computer controlled machining equipment to facilitate prefabrication of wooden building components. The development of new codes and standards and design guides is underway. The drivers of future growth in market share are expected to include more clients putting a higher weight on the various environmental benefits of building in wood, reduction in the real and perceived professional risk for builders and architects specifying mass timber construction, and fuller participation in the supply chain for timber buildings (from design to construction) by timber building specialists. Government policies to encourage the use of timber may also be helpful. Engineers and architects will continue to learn—through experience—how to optimize building construction methods to take advantage of the specific features and qualities of timber as a construction method.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Overcoming Psychological Barriers to Widespread Acceptance of Mass Timber Construction in Australia

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1924
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Market and Adoption
Author
Kremer, Paul
Symmons, Mark
Publisher
Forest & Wood Products Australia
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Report
Topic
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Barriers to Adoption
Construction
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This project investigated the barriers and hurdles to a widespread adoption of Mass Timber Construction (MTC) in Australia and explored the acceptance of methods specifically designed to overcome them. The project comprised of a mixed methods approach with two study components. Study One was a survey of the general public and Study Two interviewed various stakeholders in the building industry. Study One was designed to ascertain if the attitudes of Australian consumers toward environmental issues and the use of timber in construction are related to factors involved in property purchasing behaviours. The survey comprised a 20 minute online survey of Australian consumers. Study Two comprised the industry survey to explore the barriers to more widespread adoption of MTC in Australia. Each participant provided a unique insight into how identified barriers might be overcome. Based on the findings of the surveys, recommendations are provided addressing the identified barriers.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Understanding Costs and Identifying Value in Mass Timber Construction: Calculating the ‘Total Cost of Project’ (TCP)

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1897
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Cost
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Kremer, Paul
Ritchie, Laurence
Publisher
Mass Timber Construction Journal
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Cost
Keywords
Cost Versus Value
Quantity Survey
Productivity
Research Status
Complete
Series
Mass Timber Construction Journal
Summary
With any new technology introduced to market there is often an education process for industry stakeholders to understand the benefits. The present paper sought to explain the difference between ‘costs’ and ‘value’ in Mass Timber Construction (MTC). Specifically, the paper focuses on what has been termed the Total Cost of Project (TCP), in which the value (benefits) of using MTC technologies — such as Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) and Glue Laminated (GluLam) beams and columns — is quantified and offset against material costs in a pure cost-versus-cost calculation commonly used in traditional construction estimation/quotation. The quantification of ‘value’, as defined by various stakeholders along the supply chain, is seen as an opportunity to demonstrate the holistic advantage of MTC. The present paper provides a worked example looking at the cost and value of using MTC for the builder, as stakeholder, TCP of a mid-rise apartment complex in Australia. The analysis identifies a productivity gain, resulting in a 30% reduction in duration on site, ultimately resulting in reduced risk exposure and time related costs compared with traditional concrete construction.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail