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Effects of the Width and Lay-Up of Sugi Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) on its Dynamic and Static Elastic Moduli, and Tensile Strength

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue521
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Ido, Hirofumi
Nagao, Hirofumi
Harada, Masaki
Kato, Hideo
Ogiso, Junko
Miyatake, Atsushi
Publisher
Springer Japan
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Japan
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Modulus of Elasticity
Tensile Strength
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Wood Science
Summary
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) has recently emerged as a new wood product that utilizes a large quantity of domestic lumber. This study aims to analyze the effects of width and lay-ups on the tensile strength of CLT. To this end, the elastic modulus of sugi CLT with different lay-ups was measured by dynamic and static methods. Moreover, tensile tests were conducted for different widths and lay-ups of CLT. Results indicate that the apparent bending Young’s modulus, as calculated using the dynamic method, is directly proportional to the measured Young’s modulus in static method for each lay-up. Furthermore, there was no significant effect of width on the tensile strength in the range of 150, 300, and 600 mm. However, the variations in lay-ups affected the tensile strength as follows: CLT with larger ratio of the major strength direction lamina along the cross-section and with higher grade of lamina in the major strength direction showed higher tensile strength. The estimated tensile strength of CLT, as calculated using the Young’s modulus of the lamina of each layer, and the tensile strength of lamina as simple substance was found to be in good agreement with the measured tensile strength of CLT.
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Strength Properties of CLT Composed of Sugi Laminations : (6) Compression Parallel to the Grain and Compression Perpendicular to the Grain

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue986
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Ido, Hirofumi
Sugimoto, Kenichi
Nagao, Hirobumi
Miyattaki, Atsushi
Watanabe, Hiroshi
Organization
Architectural Institute of Japan
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Japan
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Sugi
Compression
Language
Japanese
Research Status
Complete
Summary
As timber tends to be weak against the load perpendicular to grains, it can be important to study the consequences of applying loads perpendicular to larch cross-laminated (CLT) composed of multiple larch laminae. Compressions tests were conducted perpendicular to the in-plane and out-of-plane grains of Japanese larch CLT. Out-of-pane average compressive strenth, average yield strength, and average compressive stiffness perpendicular to the grain of the larch CLT were 11.94 N.mm2, 7.30 N/mm2, and 7.30 N/mm2, respectively, whereas the in-plane average compressive strength, average yield strength, and average compressive stiffness perpendicular to the grain of the CLT larch were 21.48 N/mm2, 21.18 N/mm2, and 18.72 N/mm2, respectively. The in-plane compressive strength and yield strength showed a statistically significant relationship with the density fo the CLT, the modulus of elasticity measured by longitudinal vibration (MOElv), and the average MOElv of the laminae constructing the cross-laminated timber. The in-plane yield strength was affected by the MOWlv of the outer laminae and the average MOElv of the larch cross-laminated timber. The compressive strength properties were most affected by the loading surface of the CLT. The variation between the moisture content and compressive strength properties of the CLT, however, was not statistically significant.
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