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Impact of Cracks to the Hygrothermal Properties of CLT Water Vapour Resistance and Air Permeability

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1326
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Kukk, Villu
Horta, R.
Püssa, M.
Luciani, G.
Kallakas, Heikko
Kalamees, Targo
Kers, Jaan
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Crack Propagation
Crack Formation
Moisture Content
Water Vapour Transmission
Air Permeability
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Energy Procedia
Summary
Current research is focused on crack formation and propagation in cross laminated timber (CLT) panels and its impacts on the water vapour resistance and air permeability of panels. Crack formation was examined by means of climate tests with five layer CLT-panels with a thickness of 95 mm. Results of climate tests showed that decreasing the moisture content (MC) from 11 % to 7 % caused mean crack widths in panels of 0.27 mm and 0.38 mm, and an MC decreasing from 17 % to 7 % caused mean crack widths of 0.89 mm and 2.0 mm. From these test results it was concluded that in CLT panels which were produced and stored in a humid environment there was an approximate 200% increase in the mean maximum width of cracks compared to panels stored in a dry environment. The water vapour transmission increased by about 9 % with smaller cracks (that were imitated with 2 mm holes) and 30 % with larger cracks (6 mm holes). The air permeability of CLT at a maximum air pressure difference of 550 Pa was 2.25 l/(s*m2) with 2 mm holes and 5.56 l/(s*m2) with 6 mm holes. It can be concluded from the afore mentioned test results that cracks significantly influence the hygrothermal properties of CLT. Deeper investigation as to the reasons, formation and propagation procedures are needed to avoid inadvisable cracks in CLT.
Online Access
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Resource Link
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