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10 records – page 1 of 1.

Assessment of Connections in Cross-Laminated Timber Buildings Regarding Structural Robustness

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1948
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Experimental Analysis of Passively and Actively Reinforced Glued-laminated Timber with Focus on Ductility

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2823
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Livas, Charalampos
Ekevad, Mats
Öhman, Micael
Publisher
Taylor&Francis Online
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Reinforcement
Ductility
Bending Test
Steel
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Wood Material Science & Engineering
Summary
When glued-laminated timber are subjected to bending moment, they usually fail in a brittle way in the tension zone before the compressive zone reaches the compressive strength of wood. This means that the compression strength of wood is not fully exploited. By reinforcing the tension zone, the failure mode of glued-laminated timber can be changed from tensile to compressive. As a result, by utilizing the higher compressive strength, reinforced glued-laminated timber become stronger and the failure mode becomes compressive and ductile. This paper presents experimental results of the effect of steel reinforcements in the tension zone of glued-laminated timber. Four passively reinforced beams, four actively reinforced beams, and seven unreinforced beams were tested to failure in four-point bending tests. The experimental results confirmed the brittle tension failure in the unreinforced beams as well as the ductile and compressive failure in the reinforced beams. Furthermore, the experiments revealed the increase of the passively and the actively reinforced glued-laminated timber relative to the reference beams for strengths (26% and 39%) and stiffnesses (30% and 11%). Ductilities were increased from 7.7% for the reference beams to 90% and 75% for the passively and the actively reinforced glued-laminated timber, respectively.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Finite Element Analysis of Bending Stiffness for Cross-Laminated Timber with Varying Board Width

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2455
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Berg, Sven
Turesson, Jonas
Ekevad, Mats
Huber, Johannes
Publisher
Taylor&Francis Online
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Finite Element Analysis
Board Width
Out-of-Plane Load
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Wood Material Science & Engineering
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Finite Element Simulation of Nailed Glulam Timber Joints

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue333
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Ekevad, Mats
Berg, Sven
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
Romania
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Finite Element Model
Joints
Nails
Steel Plate
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Pro Ligno
ISSN
2069-7430
Summary
This paper presents a finite element modeling method for a certain type of nailed joint between glulam beams. The joint in question is a traditional arrangement of a horizontal beam and a vertical pillar but here there is also a nailed steel plate inserted on the two sides in order to strengthen the joint. Experimental results and a comparisons of simulated and experimental results are made. The model includes the elastic and plastic orthotropic behaviour of wood and the elastic and plastic behaviour of nails. The nail joint between the steel plate and the wood is modelled as an elastic-plastic surface to surface connection with elastic-plastic properties. Also the reinforcing effect of nails in the nail-affected volume of wood is taken into consideration by raising rolling shear yield limit in the affected wood volume.The comparisons show that the model works well and give results that are comparable to experimental results.
Online Access
Free
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Impact of Board Width on In-plane Shear Stiffness of Cross-Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2272
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Turesson, Jonas
Berg, Sven
Ekevad, Mats
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
In-Plane Shear Modulus
In-Plane Shear Stiffness
Finite Element Method
Board Width
Layer Thickness
Board Gap
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Engineering Structures
Summary
Board width-to-thickness ratios in non-edge-glued cross laminated timber (CLT) panels influence the in-plane shear stiffness of the panel. The objective is to show the impact of board width-to-thickness ratios for 3- and 5-layer CLT panels. Shear stiffnesses were calculated using finite element analysis and are shown as reduction factors relative to the shear stiffnesses of edge-glued CLT panels. Board width-to-thickness ratios were independently varied for outer and inner layers. Results show that the reduction factor lies in the interval of 0.6 to 0.9 for most width-to-thickness ratios. Results show also that using boards with low width-to-thickness ratios give low reduction factors. The calculated result differed by 2.9% compared to existing experimental data.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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In-plane Shear Modulus of Cross-laminated Timber by Diagonal Compression Test

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2420
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Walls
Beams
Floors

Picture Frame and Diagonal Compression Testing of Cross-laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2402
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Wood Building Systems
Floors

Shear Modulus Analysis of Cross-Laminated Timber Using Picture Frame Tests and Finite Element Simulations

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2692
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Turesson, Jonas
Berg, Sven
Björnfot, Anders
Ekevad, Mats
Publisher
Springer
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Shear Modulus
Finite Element Simulation
Picture Frame Test
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials and Structures
Summary
Determining the mechanical properties of cross-laminated timber (CLT) panels is an important issue. A property that is particularly important for CLT used as shear walls in buildings is the in-plane shear modulus. In this study, a method to determine the in-plane shear modulus of 3- and 5-layer CLT panels was developed based on picture frame tests and a correction factor evaluated from finite element simulations. The picture frame test is a biaxial test where a panel is simultaneously compressed and tensioned. Two different testing methods are simulated by finite elements: theoretical pure shear models as a reference cases and picture frame models to simulate the picture frame test setup. An equation for calculating the shear modulus from the measured shear stiffnesses in the picture frame tests is developed by comparisons between tests and finite element simulations of the CLT panels. The results show that pure shear conditions are achieved in the central region of the panels. No influence from the size of the tested panels is observed in the finite element simulations.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Shear Resistance of Glulam Beams with Cracks

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue997
Year of Publication
2012
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Pousette, Anna
Ekevad, Mats
Year of Publication
2012
Country of Publication
Sweden
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Cracks
Shear Strength
Three Point Bending Test
Language
English
Conference
CIB-W18 Meeting
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 27-30, 2012, Växjö, Sweden p. 257-265
Summary
A reduction of the shear resistance was introduced with the crack factor kcr in Eurocode 5. The factor 0.67 corresponds to cracks that have a depth of 1/3 of the beam width. The aim of this project was to learn more about different types of cracks and their importance for the shear strength of glulam beams. The project started with tests of five types of glulam beams, with or without cracks. The cracks had different depths and locations, three beam types had cracks made by sawing and one type had cracks from moisturing and drying. The beam dimensions were 115 mm x 315 mm x 2600 mm. Five beams of each type with cracks were tested and ten beams without cracks. The beams were Swedish standard beams made of Spruce and taken from the normal production. Three-point bending method was used for the shear tests. The beams of type 1 without cracks got mostly bending failures; the characteristic shear strength was at least 3.5 MPa. Beams with sawn grooves got lower characteristic shear values and this means a reduced cross section should be used for beams with cut grooves along the beams. Beams with drying cracks got more shear failures, but the characteristic shear strength of the beams was about the same as for beams without cracks.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Structural Robustness and Timber Buildings - A Review

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2173
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

10 records – page 1 of 1.