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The Effect of Periodic Loading of Glued Laminated Beams on Their Static Bending Strength

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue3102
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Dziurka, Dorota
Derkowski, Adam
Dukarska, Dorota
Kawalerczyk, Jakub
Mirski, Radoslaw
Organization
Poznan University of Life Sciences
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Periodic Loading
Static Bending Strength
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials
Summary
Engineered wood products (EWP) such as glulam beams are gaining more and more popularity due to several advantages resulting from the wood itself, as well as the constant search for structural materials of natural origin. However, building materials face some requirements regarding their strength. Thus, the study aimed to assess the static bending strength of structural beams produced with the use of pine wood, after the periodic loading of approximately 80 kN for a year. The manufactured beams differed in the type of facing layers, i.e., pine timber with a high modulus of elasticity and plywood. The produced beams, regardless of their structure, are characterized by a similar static bending strength. Moreover, it has been shown that the loading of beams in the range of about 45% of their immediate capacity does not significantly affect their static bending strength and linear modulus of elasticity.
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GL Beams Reinforced with Plywood in the Outer Layer

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue3101
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Dziurka, Dorota
Derkowski, Adam
Wieruszewski, Marek
Kulinski, Marcin
Mirski, Radoslaw
Organization
Poznan University of Life Sciences
Editor
Sadowski, Tomasz
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Glued Elements
Solid Wood
Plywood
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials
Summary
Glulam beams are increasingly used in the construction industry because of their high strength and the possibility of using round timber with smaller cross-sections. The load-bearing capacity of beams is strongly related to the quality of the outer layers and, in the case of wood, especially the tension zones. For these reasons, this study decided to replace the outer lamella with tensile plywood. The produced beams were subjected to static bending strength and modulus of elasticity evaluation. It was shown that the best static bending strength values were obtained for beams containing plywood in the tension layer. However, the change in structure in the tension zone of beams made of glued laminated timber results not only in an increase in the load capacity of elements produced in this way but also in a decrease in the range/range of the obtained results of bending strength. This way of modifying the construction of glued laminated beams allows a more rational use of available pine timber.
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Influence of Strand Size, Board Density, and Adhesive Type on Characteristics of Oriented Strand Lumber Boards Manufactured from Pine Strands

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2511
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
OSL (Oriented Strand Lumber)
Application
Beams

The Possibility to Use Pine Timber Pieces with Small Size in the Production of Glulam Beams

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue3042
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Market and Adoption
Application
Beams
Author
Dziurka, Dorota
Kawalerczyk, Jakub
Walkiewicz, Joanna
Derkowski, Adam
Mirski, Radoslaw
Organization
Poznan University of Life Sciences
Editor
Sadowski, Tomasz
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Application
Beams
Topic
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Engineered Wood Products
Low-quality Timber
Pine
Structural Elements
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials
Summary
Engineered wood products, such as glulam beams, attract much attention from the building industry in recent years. Therefore, there is a constant necessity to seek new models of structural beams, which assume the use of outsized sawn wood pieces as an alternative for the standard construction timber. Three variants of glulam beams, composed of the main yield and side boards arranged in various structures, were proposed. Moreover, the usefulness of wedge-jointed, small-sized timber pieces was also investigated. The manufactured beams were tested, in terms of their mechanical properties, such as bending strength, elastic energy, modulus of elasticity, and resilience. The outcomes have shown that the beams manufactured using wedge-bonded timber of lower grade do not deviate considerably from beams produced from homogeneous lamellas. Furthermore, the results of modulus of elasticity, in the case of the three-layered beams composed of both small-sized non-homogenous main yield and side boards, exceeded the requirements from EN 14080. It allowed us to classify the obtained materials as GL 32c, which is the highest grade specified within the standard.
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