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Mechanical Performance of Glue Joints in Structural Hardwood Elements

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1517
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Niemz, Peter
Ammann, Samuel
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Beech
Joints
Crack Propagation
PRF
Delamination Test
Shear Strength
Fracture Energy
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 526-533
Summary
Mechanical Performance of Glue Joints in Structural Hardwood Elements as those for solid beech wood, wherein also the crack propagation takes place. It can be concluded that such joints have the necessary strength to be used in timber constructions. Joints of phenol resorcinol formaldehyde (PRF) showed constantly good results, the determined characteristics generally lay in the same range as for beech wood.
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Investigation of the Bond Quality of Semi Industrially Produced Ash Glulam

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1524
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Lehmann, Martin
Schlegel, Sven
Ammann, Samuel
Beyer, Mario
Aehlig, Karsten
Jung, Heiko
Niemz, Peter
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Ash
Delamination Test
Tensile Shear Strength
Adhesives
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 648-653
Summary
Delamination resistance and tensile shear strength (TSS) are essential for structural adhesives used in timber industry. Thus these two factors were investigated on bonded ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) to check the suitability of adhesively bonded ash as building material. For determination of the delamination resistance industrially bonded ash glulam was used. The specimens for the tensile shear tests where produced in the laboratory. Four different adhesives types and different pre-treatment were investigated. The samples for TSS were tested in dry and wet condition. 80% of the tested series met the requirements of the standards at dry, and only 30% passed at wet condition. None of the adhesives tested was able to pass the delamination test. No distinct influence of the different parameters studied is notable for most of the adhesive systems, only extended closed assembly time and lower mixing ratios seem to improve the bond quality of MUF. Additional chemical analyses, conducted to find evidence for the poor bonding performance, showed that fatty acid content, pH and acidic extractives are in between the range of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and Spruce (Picea abies Karst.). However the formic acid is an exception with a four times higher amount as the other two species investigated.
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