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47 records – page 1 of 5.

Analysis of Shear Transfer and Gap Opening in Timber–Concrete Composite Members with Notched Connections

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1399
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Author
Boccadoro, Lorenzo
Steiger, René
Zweidler, Simon
Frangi, Andrea
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Notched Connections
Analytical Model
Shear Stress
Failure
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials and Structures
ISSN
1871-6873
Summary
In timber–concrete composite members with notched connections, the notches act as the shear connections between the timber and the concrete part, and have to carry the shear flow necessary for composite action. The shear transfer through the notches generates shear and tensile stresses in both parts of the composite member, which may lead to brittle failure and to an abrupt collapse of the structure. Although simplified design formulas already exist, some structural aspects are still not clear, and a reliable design model is missing. This paper summarizes current design approaches and presents analytical models to understand the shear-carrying mechanism, to estimate the shear stresses acting in the timber and concrete, and to predict failure. The analysis concentrates on three problems: the shearing-off failure of the timber close to the notch, the shear failure of the concrete, and the influence of the shear flow on the gap opening between the timber and concrete. Parts of the model calculations could be compared to experimental observations. The conclusions of this paper contribute to improving current design approaches.
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Approximation of Stresses in Multi-Span CLT Beams Based on Refined Zigzag Theory

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2204
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Sieder, Raimund
Schickhofer, Gerhard
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Sweden
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Refined Zigzag Theory
Stress
Language
English
Conference
CompWood
Research Status
Complete
ISBN
978-91-88898-64-7
Online Access
Free
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Bamboo/Wood Composites and Structures Shear and Normal Strain Distributions in Multilayer Composite Laminated Panels under Out-of-Plane Bending

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2769
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Niederwestberg, Jan
Zhou, Jianhui
Chui, Ying Hei
Huang, Dongsheng
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Three Point Bending Test
Shear Test
Digital Image Correlation
Strain
Shear Analogy
Finite Element Modelling
Stress
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Advances in Civil Engineering
Summary
Innovative mass timber panels, known as composite laminated panels (CLP), have been developed using lumber and laminated strand lumber (LSL) laminates. In this study, strain distributions of various 5-layer CLP and cross-laminated timber (CLT) were investigated by experimental and two modelling methods. Seven (7) different panel types were tested in third-point bending and short-span shear tests. During the tests, the digital imaging correlation (DIC) technique was used to measure the normal and shear strain in areas of interest. Evaluated component properties were used to determine strain distributions based on the shear analogy method and finite element (FE) modelling. The calculated theoretical strain distributions were compared with the DIC test results to evaluate the validity of strain distributions predicted by the analytical model (shear analogy) and numerical model (FE analysis). In addition, the influence of the test setup on the shear strain distribution was investigated. Results showed that the DIC strain distributions agreed well with the ones calculated by the shear analogy method and FE analysis. Both theoretical methods agree well with the test results in terms of strain distribution shape and magnitude. While the shear analogy method shows limitations when it comes to local strain close to the supports or gaps, the FE analysis reflects these strain shifts well. The findings support that the shear analogy is generally applicable for the stress and strain determination of CLP and CLT for structural design, while an FE analysis can be beneficial when it comes to the evaluation of localized stresses and strains. Due to the influence of compression at a support, the shear strain distribution near the support location is not symmetric. This is confirmed by the FE method.
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Behaviour of Mechanically Laminated CLT Members

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue291
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Author
Kuklík, Petr
Velebil, Lukáš
Publisher
IOP Publishing Ltd
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
Latvia
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Shear Stress
Torsional Stiffness
Slip Modulus
Lamination
Language
English
Conference
International Conference on Innovative Materials, Structures and Technologies
Research Status
Complete
Notes
September 30-October 2 2015, Riga, Latvia
Summary
Cross laminated timber (CLT) is one of the structural building systems based on the lamination of multiple layers, where each layer is oriented perpendicularly to each other. Recent requirements are placed to develop an alternative process based on the mechanical lamination of the layers, which is of particular interest to our research group at the University Centre for Energy Efficient Buildings. The goal is to develop and verify the behaviour of mechanically laminated CLT wall panels exposed to shear stresses in the plane. The shear resistance of mechanically jointed CLT is ensured by connecting the layers by screws. The paper deals with the experimental analysis focused on the determination of the torsional stiffness and the slip modulus of crossing areas for different numbers of orthogonally connected layers. The results of the experiments were compared with the current analytical model.
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Bond Behavior between Glulam and GFRP’s by Pullout Tests

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue560
Year of Publication
2011
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Sena-Cruz, José
Branco, Jorge
Jorge, Marco
Barros, Joaquim
Silva, Catarina
Cunha, Vitor
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2011
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Keywords
GFRP
Bond behavior
Pull-Out Tests
Stress-Slip
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Composites Part B: Engineering
Summary
To evaluate the bond behavior between glulam and GFRP rods, applied according to the nearsurface mounted strengthening technique, an experimental program composed of beam and direct pullout tests was carried. In this experimental program three main variables were analyzed: the GFRP type, the GFRP location into the groove, and the bond length. From the monitoring system it was registered the loaded and free end slips, and the pullout force. Based on these experimental results, and applying an analytical-numerical strategy, the local bond stress-slip relationship was calculated. In this work the tests are described, the obtained results are presented and discussed, and the applicability of the inverse analysis to obtain the local bond law is demonstrated.
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Bond Between Glulam and NSM CFRP Laminates

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue331
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Sena-Cruz, José
Jorge, Marco
Branco, Jorge
Cunha, Vitor
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer
Pull-Out Tests
Bond behavior
Stress-Slip
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Construction and Building Materials
Summary
With the aim of evaluating the bond behaviour between glulam and carbon fibre reinforced polymer laminates strips, an experimental program using pull-out tests was carried, when the near-surface strengthening technique is applied. Two main variables were studied: the bond length and the type of pull-out test configuration. The instrumentation included the loaded and free-end slips, as well as the pullout force. Based on the obtained experimental results, and applying an analytical-numerical strategy, the local bond stress-slip relationship was determined. In this work the tests are described, the obtained results are presented and analysed, and the applicability of an inverse analysis to obtain the local bond law is demonstrated.
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Compression Behaviors of Parallel Bamboo Strand Lumber Under Static Loading

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2510
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Design and Systems
Material
Other Materials
Application
Wood Building Systems

Compressive Strength Properties Perpendicular to the Grain of Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) Composed of Sugi Laminations

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue926
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Hiroshi, Imichi
Nagao, Hirofumi
Miura, Sachiko
Miyatake, Atsushi
Publisher
J-STAGE
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Japan
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Cedar
Penetration Test
Clamping Strength
Proportional Limit Stress
Language
Japanese
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Wood Society
Summary
For a cross-laminated timber (CLT) manufactured using Sugi, a digging test was performed by changing the number of layers, the laminar configuration, the direction of the outer layer laminar with respect to the direction of the pressure plate, and the arrangement of the test piece with respect to the load direction, and each combination was performed. In addition to clarifying the sunk strength performance of CLT, a method for easily evaluating the sunk strength performance was examined. As a result of the sinking test, it was found that the parameters that determine the sinking strength performance are the direction of the outer layer laminar and the arrangement of the test piece, and the number of layers and the laminar configuration do not contribute much to the sinking strength performance. When the proportional limit stress of CLT was estimated using the proportional limit stress of each laminar, the estimated value and the measured value were in relatively good agreement.
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Cross Laminated Timber at In-Plane Beam Loading – Prediction of Shear Stresses in Crossing Areas

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1305
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Danielsson, Henrik
Serrano, Erik
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
In-Plane Loading
Eurocode 5
Strength
Shear Stress
Crossing Areas
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Engineering Structures
Summary
Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) at in-plane beam loading conditions present a very complex stress state and many failure modes need to be considered in design. The work presented here aims at finding improvements of a specific analytical model for stress analysis and strength verification that has been suggested in literature and which is also suggested as a basis for design equations for the next version of Eurocode 5. Although the model has appealing properties it suffers from some drawbacks related to the assumed distributions of internal forces which, based on comparison to finite element analysis, appear to be inaccurate. The main focus in this paper is on model predictions regarding the distribution and magnitude of internal forces acting in the crossing areas between longitudinal and transversal laminations. The proposed modified model assumptions regarding the distribution of lamination shear forces, which in turn influence the forces acting in the crossing areas, are suggested to be taken into account in design of CLT beams.
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Cross Laminated Timber Construction for Resisting Lateral Loads on Six Level Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1846
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Author
Chapman, John
Publisher
New Zealand Timber Design Society
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
New Zealand
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Resistance
Lateral Load
Stress
Serviceability
Shear
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
New Zealand Timber Design Journal
Online Access
Free
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47 records – page 1 of 5.