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18 records – page 1 of 2.

An Experimental Study on Buckling Strength with Laminated Veneer Lumber of Three Wood Species

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1575
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Author
Kambe, Wataru
Nakamura, Madoka
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Japanese Larch
Japanese Cypress
Japanese Cedar
Compression Test
Deflection
Strain
Buckling Strength
Slenderness Ratio
Bending Deflection
Maximum Strength
Yield Strength
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 1698-1706
Summary
In the past study, we conducted compression tests with laminated veneer lumber of Japanese Larch. We observed the deflection and strain behaviour. As a result we could evaluate the bucking strength with Euler’s equation and Tetmajer’s method. For structural design we should expand the versatility of that method. Three wood species for structural members would be selected for these tests. Those were Japanese larch, Japanese cypress and Japanese cedar. For the test parameter, we set the 8types of slenderness ratio for the compression test and we conducted monotonic compression tests with pin-supported on both edges. For the mechanical properties we conducted compression tests with short column members and got yield compression for those materials. In the compression tests, we could see the bending deflection. We would get the ratio the maximum strength and yield strength for distinguish the limited slenderness ratio. As a result it was cleared that the limit slenderness ratio of these wood species was 100. And we could confirm that the Tetmajer’s method is useful for evaluation the yield strength.
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Bamboo/Wood Composites and Structures Shear and Normal Strain Distributions in Multilayer Composite Laminated Panels under Out-of-Plane Bending

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2769
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Niederwestberg, Jan
Zhou, Jianhui
Chui, Ying Hei
Huang, Dongsheng
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Three Point Bending Test
Shear Test
Digital Image Correlation
Strain
Shear Analogy
Finite Element Modelling
Stress
Research Status
Complete
Series
Advances in Civil Engineering
Summary
Innovative mass timber panels, known as composite laminated panels (CLP), have been developed using lumber and laminated strand lumber (LSL) laminates. In this study, strain distributions of various 5-layer CLP and cross-laminated timber (CLT) were investigated by experimental and two modelling methods. Seven (7) different panel types were tested in third-point bending and short-span shear tests. During the tests, the digital imaging correlation (DIC) technique was used to measure the normal and shear strain in areas of interest. Evaluated component properties were used to determine strain distributions based on the shear analogy method and finite element (FE) modelling. The calculated theoretical strain distributions were compared with the DIC test results to evaluate the validity of strain distributions predicted by the analytical model (shear analogy) and numerical model (FE analysis). In addition, the influence of the test setup on the shear strain distribution was investigated. Results showed that the DIC strain distributions agreed well with the ones calculated by the shear analogy method and FE analysis. Both theoretical methods agree well with the test results in terms of strain distribution shape and magnitude. While the shear analogy method shows limitations when it comes to local strain close to the supports or gaps, the FE analysis reflects these strain shifts well. The findings support that the shear analogy is generally applicable for the stress and strain determination of CLP and CLT for structural design, while an FE analysis can be beneficial when it comes to the evaluation of localized stresses and strains. Due to the influence of compression at a support, the shear strain distribution near the support location is not symmetric. This is confirmed by the FE method.
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Bending Capacity of Orthogonal and Parallel Glulam T-section Beams

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2476
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Bridges and Spans
Author
Wang, Jiejun
Yang, Tao
Ning, Fan
Rao, Zhenyu
Publisher
Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMaTTech)
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Bearing Capacity
Stiffness
Integrity
Strain
Deflection
Ultimate Bearing Capacity
Shear Strength
Finite Element Model
Displacement
Failure Mechanism
Ductility
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review
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Comparisons of Bearing Properties for Various Oriented Glulam Using Digital Image Correlation

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1459
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Young Jeong, Gi
Kong, Jin Hyuk
Lee, Sang-Joon
Pang, Sung-Jun
Publisher
Springer Japan
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Digital Image Correlation
Orientation
Bearing Strength
Yield Load
Strain Distribution
Failure
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Wood Science
Summary
The goal of this study was to analyze the bearing properties of the differently oriented glulam using digital image correlation (DIC). Six differently oriented specimens associated with three anatomical directions including longitudinal (L), radial (R), and tangential (T), and 12-mm drift pins were used to analyze the bearing properties, including yield load and bearing strength. The highest bearing strength of 22.57 MPa from RL was found, whereas the lowest bearing strength of 6.47 MPa from LR was found. Different strain distributions were observed from the differently oriented bearing specimens using DIC. Different failure ratios of the differently oriented specimens were highly related to the strain distributions. Although the bearing properties were found to be different between the differently oriented specimens, for the connection design aspect, the bearing properties of glulam could be grouped as RL and TL specimens, RT and TR specimens, and LR and LT specimens.
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Development of a Smart Timber Bridge (Phase III): Moisture and Strain Sensor Investigation for Historic Covered Bridges

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2182
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Moisture
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Phares, Brent
Pence, Trevor
Wacker, James
Hosteng, Travis
Year of Publication
2019
Format
Report
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Moisture
Keywords
Moisture Content
Sensor
Strain
Reliability
Accuracy
Research Status
Complete
Series
General Technical Report
Summary
Nationwide, bridges are deteriorating at a rate faster than they can be rehabilitated and maintained. This has resulted in a search for new methods to rehabilitate, repair, manage, and construct bridges. As a result, structural health monitoring and smart structure concepts have emerged to help improve bridge management. In the case of timber bridges, however, a limited amount of research as been conducted on long-term structural health monitoring solutions, and this is especially true in regards to historic covered timber bridges. To date, evaluation efforts of timber bridges have focused primarily on visual inspection data to determine the structural integrity of timber structures. To fill this research need and help improve timber bridge inspection and management strategies, a 5-year research plan to develop a smart timber bridge structure was undertaken. The overall goal of the 5-year plan was to develop a turnkey system to analyze, monitor, and report on the performance and condition of timber bridges. This report outlines one phase of the 5-year research plan and focuses on developing and attaching moisture sensors onto timber bridge components. The goal was to investigate the potential for sensor technologies to reliably monitor the in situ moisture content of the timber members in historic covered bridges, especially those recently rehabilitated with glulam materials. The timber-specific moisture sensors detailed in this report and the data collected from them will assist in advancing the smart timber bridge.
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Effects of Size, Species and Adjacent Lamina on Moisture Related Strain in Glulam

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2443
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Moisture
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Evaluate Bearing Stress of Glulam Using Digital Image Correlation

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue687
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Jeong, Gi-Young
Park, Moon-Jae
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Digital Image Correlation
Drift Pins
Bearing Stress
Strain Distribution
Fracture Behaviour
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of different sizes of drift pins (12mm, 16mm, 20mm, 30mm) and six orientations of glulam associated with pin positions (RL, TL, LR, TR, LT, RT) on bearing stress and strain distributions of glulam using digital image correlation (DIC). Different bearing stresses, strain distributions, and fracture behaviours associated with the orientation of the glulam and pin sizes were observed. As the diameter of drift pins increased, the bearing strength increased regardless of the orientation. However, the trends of failure behaviours did not change by the pin size.
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Experimental Study of the Uniaxial Stress-strain Relationships of Parallel Strand Bamboo in the Longitudinal Direction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2515
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Other Materials
Application
Wood Building Systems

Flexural Response of Glued Laminated (Glulam) Beams Subjected to Blast Loads

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue492
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Lacroix, Daniel
Viau, Christian
Doudak, Ghasan
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Strain
Flexural Behaviour
Blast Loads
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
An extensive body of research is currently available on the behaviour of concrete and steel structures when subjected to blast threats, however, little to no details on how to address the design or retrofitting of wood structures are available. In this paper, preliminary results, both experimental and analytical, are presented on the flexural behaviour of glulam beams under high strain rates. A total of three 80 mm x 228 mm x 2,500 mm glulam beams with a clear span of 2,235 mm were subjected to simulated blast loads using a shock tube. The preliminary experimental results showed that a brash tension failure mode was observed on the tension laminate. It was also shown that a simplified SDOF model, using linear elastic resistance curves, was capable of predicting the failure displacement and level of damage with reasonable accuracy.
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Influence of Distribution of Finger Joints and Timber Flaws on the Damage Evolution of Laminated Glued Timber Beams during Four Point Bending

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1584
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Melzerová, Lenka
Šejnoha, Michal
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Four Point Bending Test
Displacement
Strain
Knots
Finger Joints
Damage
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 1830-1837
Summary
A group of six glued laminated timber beams was tested in four-point bending until failure. Both standard measuring devices mounted to the beams and digital cameras were employed to provide for a continuous measuring of displacements and strains as well as visualization of damage evolution and subsequently for quantification of damage mechanisms leading to failure of individual beams. This was accompanied by identification of positions of all visible knots and finger joints. It is shown that their distribution plays an important role in the onset of damage evolution and final failure pattern.
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18 records – page 1 of 2.