In order to explore bamboo glulam utilization in structure construction, the adhesive bonded steel connection of bamboo glulam was investigated in this study. By carrying out both-end pullout tests on glued-in threaded rods in bamboo glulam, the effects of depth and diameter of embedded rods in bamboo glulam on the pullout strength and the failure modes were discussed. Results showed that threaded rods fracture and adhesive interface failure were the two main different failure modes in the tests. The pullout peak load of both-end glued-in rods in bamboo glulam increased with the diameter and the embedded length of the threaded rods. To satisfy tensile load of the glued threaded rods (quality 4.8) used in the connections between engineering structural materials, the slenderness ratio ( , the ratio of depth and diameter of glued-in threaded rods) equal to 10 or over was necessary.
Previous studies have mainly focused on the behaviour of timber under uniformly distributed compression perpendicular to the grain (CPG) loads. However, there are many practical applications in which timber is loaded by non-uniformly distributed CPG loads. Different design and test codes like the Eurocode 5 (EC5), DIN 1052:2004, ASTM D143- 94 and EN-408:2010 only account for load configurations where timber is subjected to uniformly distributed loads. For specific uniformly distributed load (UDL) configurations the bearing capacity of timber (solid softwood timber or Glulam) in compression is adapted by using a load configuration factor (kc,90) according to EC5, the European code for design of timber structures. EC5 has no guidelines for cross-laminated timber (CLT) under UDL with the exception of the Austrian National Regulations for EC5.
In this work, an experimental and numerical study on the bearing capacity and displacement behaviour of CLT subjected to non-uniformly distributed loading (NuDL) is conducted on eight different load configurations. A steel-CLT connection in which the CLT is partially loaded is used in this study. Finite element modelling, performed using the commercial software Abaqus CAE is used as the numerical simulation of the experimental study and is validated by experimental results. Load configuration factors (kc,90) from experimental results are compared with values from the Swedish CLT handbook (KL-Trähandbok). The outcome of the study shows that load configuration factor for NuDL cases is higher than for UDL cases. Hence, for same load configurations a lower CPG strength is required in NuDL than in UDL. Moreover, numerical results feature overall good congruence with the elastic phase of the experiments and have the potential to augment experiments in further understanding other complex steel-CLT connections
This document reports the outcome of the seismic test on the LegnoCase building, the second in a total of four buildings included in the TIMBER BUILDINGS Project. This building is a platform frame system with sheathing assembled by means of OSB panels (PF-OSB). The goal of the tests was to assess the seismic performance of the building, panel elements and steel connectors, defined in terms of relative displacements and hold-down forces.
This report presents the results of the experimental tests carried out in the LNEC 3D shaking table on a platform frame system (PSF) with sheathing assembled by means of OSB panels (PF-OSB) as part of the SERIES Project on multi-storey timber buildings. This project is coordinated by the University of Trento and involves the University of Minho and the Graz University of Technology, at LNEC, in Lisbon. The tests were carried out on June 25, 26, and 27, 2012 on a three storey real scale building.