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8 records – page 1 of 1.

Applicability of Various Wood Species in Glued Laminated Timber - Parameter Study on Delamination Resistance and Shear Strength

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue592
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Jiang, Yuan
Schaffrath, Jörg
Knorz, Markus
Winter, Stefan
Van de Kuilen, Jan-Willem
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Hardwood
Softwood
Gluability
Delamination
Shear Strength
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
In a current research project the gluability of various soft- und hardwood species and their applicability in glued laminated timber are investigated. The influence of the processing parameters on the delamination resistance and shear strength of the glue lines are presented in this work. The bonding forces, which are necessary for the integrity of a glue line, act in the interface within a distance that varies from nanometers to micrometers. The parameters that may have significant influence on the bonding strength and durability of adhesive joints are numerous and depend on the type of wood, adhesive and processing conditions.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Bond Behavior Between Softwood Glulam and Epoxy Bonded-In Threaded Steel Rod

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue450
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Ling, Zhibin
Liu, Weiqing
Lam, Frank
Yang, Huifeng
Lu, Weidong
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Bonding Behavior
Failure Modes
Joints
Load Capacity
Softwood
Threaded Steel Rod
Pull-Pull
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Summary
This study aims to develop an improved understanding of the interfacial bond behavior of softwood glulam joints with bonded-in threaded steel rod. A total of 39 glulam joints with bonded-in single-threaded steel rods were tested to failure in the pull-pull configuration. The test results were presented in term of failure modes, load-relative movement response, pullout strength, and the corresponding slip. The distributions of bonded-in rod axial strain, interfacial bond stress, and relative movement were also analyzed to evaluate the local bond stress– relative movement response in the bond line. The results confirmed that the bond-relative movement response is dependent on the locations along the anchorage length, and the bond-relative movement responses located near both the loaded end and the anchorage end were observed to be stiffer than those at other locations. Finally, the predictions for the load capacity of the glulam joints with bonded-in threaded steel rod were carried out based on several existing empirical formulas.
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Free
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Fully Reversible Reinforcement of Softwood Beams with Unbonded Composite Plates

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue210
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Borri, Antonio
Speranzini, Emanuela
Castori, Giulio
Corradi, Marco
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Failure
Flexural Tests
Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer
Modulus of Rupture
Reinforcement
Softwood
finite element method
Numerical model
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Composite Structures
Summary
In this paper, results of flexure tests aimed at improving the structural behavior of softwood beams reinforced with unglued composite plates and at developing an effective alternative to the use of organic resins are presented. The addition of modest ratios of GFRP (Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer) composite strengthening can prevent tension failure in timber beams. However the application of organic matrices presents problems of reversibility, compatibility and durability with timber and poor performance at high temperatures. The increment in capacity and stiffness and the analysis of the failure modes is the central focus of this paper. The experimental campaign is dealing with a significant number of un-reinforced and reinforced beams strengthened with unbonded GFRP plates. A 3-dimensional finite element model is also presented for simulating the non-linear behavior of GFRP-reinforced softwood beams. The ability of the numerical model to reproduce experimental results for the load–deflection curves is validated.
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Free
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New Attributes and Economic Analyses of Composite CLT and Value-Added Appearance-Based CLT

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue354
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Cost
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Author
Grandmont, Jean-Frédéric
Wang, Brad
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Topic
Cost
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Delamination
Hardwood
Softwood
Structural Composite Lumber
Economic Analysis
Structural Properties
Aesthetic Properties
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The objective of this study was to examine new attributes and conduct economic analyses for composite CLT (CCLT) and value-added appearance-based CLT products manufactured with varying substitution of softwood lumber with structural composite lumber (SCL) and hardwood lumber. Incentives for including such materials could be aesthetic, structural and economic. Structural and aesthetic property assessments were carried out on prototype CLT panels. Multiple CLT panel configurations (17) were evaluated to assess the effects of including hardwood and SCL materials in the layups. Presence of hardwood in the panels’ configuration generally led to higher checking and density. Because of the higher shrinkage of hardwood, the bondline suffered from more delamination. A lower density hardwood (aspen) was included in some configurations and exhibited a greater direct compatibility with current Canadian manufacturing process. Changes to this process, such as selecting a hardwood specific adhesive may lead to improvements.
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Free
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Numerical Analysis and Its Laboratory Verification in Bending Test of Glue Laminated Timber Pre-Cracked Beam

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2426
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Kawecki, Bartosz
Podgórski, Jerzy
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Design and Systems
Keywords
Laboratory Tests
Damage
Finite Element Model
Pine
Softwood
Bonding
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Optimized Utilization of Raw Materials for Production of Cross Laminated Timber: Quality of Laminations and its Effects on Mechanical Properties of Multi-layer Panels

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2401
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors

Performance of Glue-Laminated Beams from Malaysian Dark Red Meranti Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1822
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams

Tectonic Strategies for Using Fast-Growing, Low-Grade Softwoods for Engineered Wood Products

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue565
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Fleming, Patrick
Ramage, Michael
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Low-Grade
Softwood
Polymer Impregnated
Stress Laminated
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The proposed paper presents two alternative strategies for using fast-growing, low-grade softwood for modern engineered wood products. A chemical based strategy is explored first with the testing of polymer-impregnated small clear wood samples. A second mechanical based strategy based on the tectonics of stress-laminated bridge decks is examined in further detail with 1:10 scaled structural models, followed later on by full-scale testing. The relative benefits and disadvantages of each strategy are compared to each other, and benchmarked against regular sawn timber and conventional engineered wood products like glulam and cross-laminated timber.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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8 records – page 1 of 1.