This paper describes several major challenges facing the designers of tall timber buildings. “Tall” in this context generally means 10 storeys or more, although many of the challenges also apply to timber buildings over 4 or 6 storeys, becoming more severe as the buildings get taller...
The objective of this work is to generate fire resistance data for NLT assemblies to address significant gaps in technical knowledge. This research will support designers and builders in the use of mass timber assemblies in larger and taller buildings, as well as provide scientific justification for Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) to review and accept this construction method. The intent is to demonstrate that NLT construction can meet or exceed NBCC fire safety requirements for use in buildings of mass timber construction.
The data could be used towards the inclusion of an NLT fire resistance calculation methodology into Annex B of CSA 086 - Engineering Design for Wood, which currently addresses only glue-laminated timber (GLT), structural composite lumber (SCL) and cross-laminated timber (CLT).
The objective of this project is to establish fundamental fire performance data for the design and specification of NLT assemblies; this project specially addresses determining FSRs for NLT. The goal of this project is to confirm that NLT, when used as a mass timber element, has a lower FSR than standard thickness SPF boards when tested individually and flatwise. The project also considers how the surface profiles, design details, and the direction of an assembly might influence flame spread. This includes the evaluation of typical architectural features, such as a 'fluted' profile.
Wood frame construction in China is currently limited to 3-storey buildings, mainly due to fire risk perceptions. However, multi-storey (more than 3 storeys) wood frame buildings are gaining popularity around the globe, while providing an acceptable level of performance in...
Model building codes in the United States limit timber construction to six stories, due to concerns over fire safety and structural performance. With new timber technologies, tall timber buildings are now being planned for construction. The process for building approval for a building constructed above the code height limits with a timber load-bearing structure...
The costs of mass timber may be higher, but the added premium on their prices make them
Beyond the economics, mass timber structures present a unique opportunity to develop and test
the resiliency of the owner organization and its capacity to innovate.
A collective effort to strengthen the supply chain in Ontario (especially the manufacturing
stage) is one of the key tools to reduce costs.
Having a dedicated fire consulting firm and the early engagement of regulatory bodies and
consecrators are some of the key means to control risks in this domain.
Earlier projects relied on covering/insulating mass timber sections to achieve the required fire
requirements. Increasingly, charring is becoming an acceptable means for fire protection.
Using Integrated Project Delivery system (IPD) and Building information modeling (BIM) can
provide the contractual and technical platforms to boost coordination and promote collaborative
design and construction.