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7 records – page 1 of 1.

Analysis of Rotational Stiffness of the Timber Frame Connection

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2763
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Connections
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Frames
Author
Johanides, Marek
Kubíncová, Lenka
Mikolášek, David
Lokaj, Antonín
Sucharda, Oldrich
Mynarcík, Petr
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Frames
Topic
Connections
Keywords
Rotational Stiffness
Frame Connection
Screw
Numerical Model
FEM
Finite Element Model
Mechanical Fasteners
Research Status
Complete
Series
Sustainability
Summary
Initially, timber was considered only as an easily accessible and processable material in nature; however, its excellent properties have since become better understood. During the discovery of new building materials and thanks to new technological development processes, industrial processing technologies and gradually drastically decreasing forest areas, wood has become an increasingly neglected material. Load-bearing structures are made mostly of reinforced concrete or steel elements. However, ecological changes, the obvious problems associated with environmental pollution and climate change, are drawing increasing attention to the importance of environmental awareness. These factors are attracting increased attention to wood as a building material. The increased demand for timber as a building material offers the possibility of improving its mechanical and physical properties, and so new wood-based composite materials or new joints of timber structures are being developed to ensure a better load capacity and stiffness of the structure. Therefore, this article deals with the improvement of the frame connection of the timber frame column and a diaphragm beam using mechanical fasteners. In common practice, bolts or a combination of bolts and pins are used for this type of connection. The subject of the research and its motivation was to replace these commonly used fasteners with more modern ones to shorten and simplify the assembly time and to improve the load capacity and rigidity of this type of frame connection.
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Assessment of Disproportionate Collapse for Multi Storey Cross Laminated Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1664
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Mpidi Bita, Hercend
Currie, Neil
Tannert, Thomas
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Rotational Stiffness
Multi-Storey
Ductility
Loading
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 3725-3733
Summary
This paper investigates the risk of disproportionate collapse following extreme loading events. The methodology mimics a sudden removal of a loadbearing wall of a twelve-storey CLT building. The ductility-demand from the dynamic simulation is checked against the ductility supplied by the structural components and their connections. The analyses focus on rotational stiffness (k) of the joints by considering three different sub-structural idealisations according to the required modelling details and the feasibility of model reductions. To resist the imposed dynamic forces, the required k-values may be too large to be practically achieved by means of off-the-shelf brackets and screw connections. Improved structural detailing as well as adequate thickness of structural elements need to be considered in order to reduce the probability of disproportionate collapse.
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Connections with Threaded Rods in Moment Resisting Frames

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1495
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Frames
Author
Arne Malo, Kjell
Stamatopoulos, Haris
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Frames
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Moment Resistance
Threaded Rods
Beam Column Connection
Rotational Stiffness
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 200-208
Summary
Building owners often state requirements that new buildings shall have open and flexible architecture in order to allow flexible use and future changes. A way to improve timber buildings in that direction is to increase the stiffness of the connections between horizontal and vertical members of the structural systems. This paper presents some numerical and analytical considerations with respect to the stiffness requirements for moment resisting timber connections. It also presents experimental tests and results for a moment resisting connection with inclined threaded rods installed in predrilled holes.
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Evaluation of the Structural Behaviour of Beam-Beam Connection Systems Using Compressed Wood Dowels and Plates

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2050
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Connections
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Mehra, Sameer
O’Ceallaigh, Conan
Hamid-Lakzaeian, Fatemeh
Guan, Zhongwei
Sotayo, Adeayo
Harte, Annette
Organization
National University of Ireland Galway
University of Liverpool
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Connections
Keywords
Beam-to-Beam
Compressed Wood Dowels
Compressed Wood Plates
Four Point Bending Test
Load Carrying Capacity
Failure Modes
Moment Resistance
Rotational Stiffness
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Summary
To support the transition to a bio-based society, it is preferable to substitute metallic fasteners and adhesives in timber construction with an eco-friendly alternative. Recent studies have identified compressed wood dowels and plates as a possible substitute for metallic fasteners in contemporary and mainstream applications. In this study, a spliced beam-beam connection system using compressed wood dowels and slotted-in compressed wood plates was examined under four-point bending. The study has considered specimens with compressed wood dowels of 10 mm diameter and compressed wood plates of 10 mm thickness. The load carrying capacity of connections using compressed wood dowels and plates were compared to connections utilising steel dowels and plates of equivalent capacity. Typical failure modes, moment resistance and rotational stiffness of both connection systems are evaluated on the basis of the experimental results. Tests have demonstrated similar failure modes when comparing steel-timber and compressed wood-timber connection systems. The mean failure load for the compressed wood-timber connection system is only 20.3% less than that achieved for the steel-timber connection system. The mean rotational stiffness of the compressed wood-timber connection system is 18.55% less than that achieved for the steel-timber connection system. These preliminary results demonstrate the potential for the use of compressed wood elements in the manufacture of timber connections.
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Experimental Tests on a Dowel-Type Timber Connection and Validation of Numerical Models

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2897
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Frames
Author
Solarino, Fabio
Giresini, Linda
Chang, Wen-Shao
Huang, Haoyu
Organization
University of Pisa
The University of Sheffield
Beijing University of Technology
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2017
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Frames
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Dowel Type Fastener
Rotational Stiffness
Damping
OpenSees
Research Status
Complete
Series
Buildings
Summary
This paper examines the dynamic behaviour of timber framed buildings under wind and dynamic loads, focusing on the role of connections being experimentally tested. The main aim of this manuscript is to analyze the in-service dynamic behaviour of a semi-rigid moment-resisting dowel-type connection between timber beam and column. For this purpose, two laboratory tests have been performed, the first on a connection and another one on a portal frame. The results are used to validate a numerical model of the simple portal frame, analyzed in OpenSees. The obtained relationships are also discussed and compared with Eurocode rules. The main result is that the joint stiffness is calculated through the Eurocode (EC) formulation underestimates the experimental one. A mutual agreement is obtained between the numerical model, validated from the experimental stiffness value for the connections, and the experimental results on the portal frame.
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Moment-resisting beam-to-column timber connections with inclined threaded rods: Structural concept and analysis by use of the component method

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue3132
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Connections
Author
Stamatopoulos, Haris
Malo, Kjell Arne
Vilguts, Aivars
Organization
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Topic
Connections
Keywords
Moment-resisting Connection
Threaded Rod
Rotational Stiffness
Research Status
Complete
Series
Construction and Building Materials
Summary
The use of moment-resisting frames with semi-rigid connections as a lateral load-carrying system in timber buildings can reduce the need for bracing with diagonal members or walls and allow for more open and flexible architecture. The overall performance of moment-resisting frames depends largely on the properties of their connections. Screwed-in threaded rods with wood screw thread feature high axial stiffness and capacity and they may be used as fasteners in beam-to-column, moment-resisting timber connections. In the present paper, a structural concept for a beam–to-column, moment-resisting timber connection based on threaded rods is presented and explained. Analytical expressions for the estimation of the rotational stiffness and the forces in the rods were derived based on a component-method approach. The analytical predictions for stiffness were compared to experimental results from full scale tests and the agreement was good.
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Numerical and Experimental Analysis of the Load-Carrying Capacity of a Timber Semi-Rigid Dowel-Type Connection

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue3208
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Johanides, Marek
Lokaj, Antonin
Dobes, Pavel
Mikolasek, David
Organization
VSB-Technical University of Ostrava
Editor
Mirshi, Radoslaw
Landolfo, Raffaele
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Bolts and Dowels
Dowel-type Fasteners
FEM
Frame Connection
Fully Threaded Screws
Numerical Model
Rotational Stiffness
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials
Summary
The paper deals with the analysis of the load-carrying capacity of a timber semi-rigid connection created from a system of two stands and a rung. The connection was made from glued laminated timber with metal mechanical dowel-type fasteners. Not only a common combination of bolts and dowels, but also fully threaded screws were used for the connection. The aim of the research and its motivation was to replace these commonly used fasteners with more modern ones, to shorten and simplify the assembly time, and to improve the load-carrying capacity of this type of connection. Each of these two types of connections was loaded statically, with a slow increase in force until failure. The paper presents results of the experimental testing. Three specimens were made and tested for each type of the connection. Experimental results were subsequently compared with numerical models. The achieved results were also compared with the assumption according to the currently valid standard. The results indicate that a connection using fully threaded screws provides a better load-carrying capacity.
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7 records – page 1 of 1.