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9 records – page 1 of 1.

Basis of Design - Performance-Based Design and Structural CD Drawings for Framework Office Building in Portland, OR

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1827
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Organization
KPFF Consulting Engineers
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Structural
Wind Load
Sustainability
Reliability
Seismic
Earthquake Resistance
Serviceability
Design
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Framework: An Urban + Rural Design
Notes
Document includes 100% CD construction drawings
Summary
This document outlines the basis of design for the performance-based design and nonlinear response history analysis of the Framework Project in Portland, OR. Performance-based design is pursued for this project because the proposed lateral force-resisting system, consisting of post-tensioned rocking cross-laminated timber (CLT) walls is not included in ASCE/SEI 7-10 Table 12.2-1.
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Free
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Development of a Smart Timber Bridge (Phase III): Moisture and Strain Sensor Investigation for Historic Covered Bridges

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2182
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Moisture
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Phares, Brent
Pence, Trevor
Wacker, James
Hosteng, Travis
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Report
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Moisture
Keywords
Moisture Content
Sensor
Strain
Reliability
Accuracy
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
General Technical Report
Summary
Nationwide, bridges are deteriorating at a rate faster than they can be rehabilitated and maintained. This has resulted in a search for new methods to rehabilitate, repair, manage, and construct bridges. As a result, structural health monitoring and smart structure concepts have emerged to help improve bridge management. In the case of timber bridges, however, a limited amount of research as been conducted on long-term structural health monitoring solutions, and this is especially true in regards to historic covered timber bridges. To date, evaluation efforts of timber bridges have focused primarily on visual inspection data to determine the structural integrity of timber structures. To fill this research need and help improve timber bridge inspection and management strategies, a 5-year research plan to develop a smart timber bridge structure was undertaken. The overall goal of the 5-year plan was to develop a turnkey system to analyze, monitor, and report on the performance and condition of timber bridges. This report outlines one phase of the 5-year research plan and focuses on developing and attaching moisture sensors onto timber bridge components. The goal was to investigate the potential for sensor technologies to reliably monitor the in situ moisture content of the timber members in historic covered bridges, especially those recently rehabilitated with glulam materials. The timber-specific moisture sensors detailed in this report and the data collected from them will assist in advancing the smart timber bridge.
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Disproportionate Collapse Analysis of Mid-rise Cross-laminated Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2181
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Walls
Author
Tannert, Thomas
Mpidi Bita, Hercend
Currie, Neil
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Walls
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Progressive Collapse
Robustness
Structural Integrity
Redundancy
Reliability Analysis
Mid-Rise
Engineered Wood Product (EWP)
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering
Notes
DOI link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15732479.2018.1456553
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Free
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Mechanical Properties of Glued-Laminated Timber with Different Assembly Patterns

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2430
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Wood Building Systems

Reliability Analysis and Duration-of-Load Strength Adjustment Factor of the Rolling Shear Strength of Cross Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1415
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Li, Yuan
Lam, Frank
Publisher
Springer Japan
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Japan
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Duration of Load
Rolling Shear Strength
Damage Accumulation Model
Reliability
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Wood Science
ISSN
1611-4663
Summary
In this study, the duration-of-load effect on the rolling shear strength of cross laminated timber (CLT), with different cross-sectional layups (five-layer and three-layer), was evaluated. A stress-based damage accumulation model is chosen to evaluate the duration-of-load strength adjustment factor of the rolling shear strength of CLT. This model incorporates the established short-term rolling shear strength of material and predicts the time to failure under arbitrary loading history. The model has been calibrated and verified based on the test data from low cycle trapezoidal fatigue tests (damage accumulation tests) in the previous study. The long-term rolling shear behaviour of CLT can then be evaluated from this verified model. As the developed damage accumulation model is a probabilistic model, it can be incorporated into a time based reliability assessment of the CLT products, considering short-term, snow, and dead load only loading cases. The reliability analysis results and factors reflecting the duration-of-load effect on the rolling shear strength of CLT are compared and discussed. The characteristic of this modeling theory lies in that the verified model is also able to predict the duration-of-load behaviour of CLT products under arbitrary loading history, such as long-term dead load case; then, these predictions of time to failure from the damage accumulation model can elucidate duration of load by the stress ratio evaluation approach. The results suggest that the duration-of-load rolling shear strength adjustment factor for CLT is more severe than the general duration-of-load adjustment factor for lumber; this difference should be considered in the introduction of CLT into the building codes for engineered wood design.
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Reliability of Sprinkler Protection of Tall Wood Buildings During and After a Seismic Event

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue806
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Fire
Seismic
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Harmsworth, Andrew
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Fire
Seismic
Keywords
High-Rise
Reliability
Tall Wood
Sprinklers
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
A major concern with tall wood buildings is fire during or after an earthquake. Through a survey of factors including reliability of systems, reliability of water supplies, availability of professional and civilian fire fighting, the paper will examine the overall reliability of sprinkler systems in including assessment of the ability untrained fire fighters to suppress fires in a timber high-rise in the absence of professional fire fighters. A probability based fault tree analysis will provide guidance designers of tall wood buildings in providing acceptable fire safety after a seismic event.
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Free
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Reliability of Timber Elements Exposed to Fire

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1675
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Fire
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Lange, David
Boström, Lars
Schmid, Joachim
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Reliability
First Order Reliability Method
Eurocode
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 3906-3915
Summary
This paper discusses the principles of performance based structural design and motivates the need for probabilistic assessment of the response of structures and an assessment of the consequences of failure. Using the results from a series of tests carried out at SP in Sweden, we extrapolate data required for the assessment of timber structures under a range of parametric fires. This data also includes information required to develop probabilistic models of the response of timber elements under different parametric fires. Using methodologies from the literature, we then carry out a reliability analysis of timber structures, considering uncertainties the timber response to fire. This is carried out using the first order reliability method. We show that the opening factor has an influence on the reliability of timber structures, as a result of the rate of heating in a parametric fire exposure. A minimum reliability, evolving over time, is seen to occur at an opening factor of 0.14m 1/2. Finally, we propose a modification to the Eurocode target reliability indices that allows these to be used as a target reliability index for structures exposed to fire. The proposed modification is dependent on the floor area and the method is exemplified here for a range of floor areas and its application to timber structures is illustrated.
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Free
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Seismic Reliability Assessment of Mid- and High-rise Post-tensioned CLT Shear Wall Structures

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2508
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Seismic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Author
Sun, Xiaofeng
Li, Zheng
He, Minjuan
Publisher
KoreaScience
Year of Publication
2020
Country of Publication
Korea
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Topic
Seismic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Post-Tensioned Timber
Seismic Reliability
Fragility Analysis
Response Surface Method
Multi-Storey
Tall Timber
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Structural Reliability Analysis of Cross Laminated Timber Plates Subjected to Bending

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2713
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Vilela, Ramon
Mascia, Nilson
Santos, Luciano
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Bending
Structural Reliability
Monte Carlo Simulation
Failure Mode
Probability of Failure
Load Capacity
Four Point Bending Test
Language
English
Conference
Society of Wood Science and Technology International Convention
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Failure modes of Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) plates reach by an excess of tensile stress on finger joints, shear stress on transverse layer due to rolling shear effect and by natural vibration. The Probability of Failure (POF) of CLT plates can be estimated from the probability distribution of their ruptures and stiffnesses, as well as their correlation coefficients. In this context, the aim of this paper is to estimate the load capacity of Cross Laminated Timber plates from a specific probability of failure and the experimental results of mechanical and physical properties. For this purpose, CLT plates were manufactured with wood species of Pinus taeda L., from Brazilian reforestation plantations. Four-point bending tests were conducted to investigate the failure behavior of the CLT plates. Density and moisture content were obtained from small specimens extracted from these plates. Monte Carlo simulation was carried out to predict the probabilistic loads that produce the failure of CLT plates, considering the failure occasioned by natural vibration as well. Experimental and numerical results of the failure modes were compared and the maximum loads to an acceptable probability of failure of the several CLT lengths were estimated too.
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Free
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9 records – page 1 of 1.