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3 records – page 1 of 1.

Hybrid Wood-Based Structural System for Multi-Storey Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1894
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Floors
Frames
Author
Loss, Cristiano
Piazza, Maurizio
Zandonini, Riccardo
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Portugal
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Floors
Frames
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Panels
Prefabricated
Shear Tests
Connections
Bending Tests
Language
English
Conference
International Conference on Structures and Architecture
Research Status
Complete
Notes
July 27-29, Guimaraes, Portugal
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Innovative Composite Steel-Timber Floors with Prefabricated Modular Components

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1350
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Loss, Cristiano
Davison, Buick
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Prefabricated
Multi-Storey
Residential
Bearing Capacity
Stiffness
Construction
Mechanical Connectors
Epoxy
Modular
Bending Tests
Finite Element Model
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Engineering Structures
Summary
An innovative steel-timber composite floor for use in multi-storey residential buildings is presented. The research demonstrates the potential of these steel-timber composite systems in terms of bearing capacity, stiffness and method of construction. Such engineered solutions should prove to be sustainable since they combine recyclable materials in the most effective way. The floors consist of prefabricated ultralight modular components, with a Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) slab, joined together and to the main structural system using only bolts and screws. Two novel floor solutions are presented, along with the results of experimental tests on the flexural behaviour of their modular components. Bending tests have been performed considering two different methods of loading and constraints. Each prefabricated modular component uses a special arrangement of steel-timber connections to join a CLT panel to two customized cold-formed steel beams. Specifically, the first proposed composite system is assembled using mechanical connectors whereas the second involves the use of epoxy-based resin. In the paper, a FEM model is provided in order to extend this study to other steel-timber composite floor solutions. In addition, the paper contains the design model to be used in dimensioning the developed systems according to the state of the art of composite structures.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Prefabricated Timber-Concrete Composite System

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue910
Year of Publication
2012
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Moar, Franco
Organization
Lund University
Year of Publication
2012
Country of Publication
Sweden
Format
Thesis
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
FE model
Bending Tests
Withdrawal Tests
Compression Tests
Self-Tapping Screws
Prefabrication
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Timber-concrete composite structures were originally developed for upgrading existing timber oors, but during last decades, they have new applications in multistorey buildings. Most of the research performed on these structures has focused on systems in which wet concrete is cast on top of timber beams with mounted connectors. Recently investigations on composite systems were performed at Luleå University of Technology in Sweden, in which the concrete slab is prefabricated off-site with the connectors already embedded and then connected on-site to the timber joists. Similar studies have been carried out also on timber-concrete composite structures with prefabricated FRC slabs at Lund University in Sweden. Two kinds of shear connectors were incorporated in the prefabricated FRC concrete slabs. These last systems can be considered globally as partially prefabricated structures because only the slabs were cast off-site with already inserted shear connectors and then the connection with the timber beams is done on the building site. An innovative composite system for floor applications is presented in this thesis. The entire structure is prefabricated off-side, transported and direct mounted to the building on site, that can be seen as full prefabricated structures. Noticeable benefits of a full prefabricated structure are that the moving work from the building site to the workshop reduces construction costs, is more simple and fast of manufacture and erect, and of sure, has better quality, that means more durability. Self-tapping full-threaded screws to connect concrete slabs to timber beam were used. Dimensions of the composite beams and the spacing between the screws has been chosen by discussing different FE model in order to reach the optimal solution. The experimental campaign included: (i) two short-time bending tests carried out on two dierent full-scale specimens, (ii) dynamic tests conducted on one full-scale specimen, (iii) long-time bending test carried out on one full-scale specimen, (iv) compression tests on three cubes of concrete, (v) nine withdrawal tests of the screws with different depth in the concrete. The results of the experimental tests show that the composite beams have a very high level of resistance and stiffness and also allow to reach a high degree of efficiency. Last, comparisons between FE results, analytical calculations and experimental values have been performed and from them it can be concluded that FE model and theoretical calculations well interpret the behavior of the composite structure and provide reliable results.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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