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Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) Plane Structures Under Concentrated Loading from Point Supports - Shear Design including Reinforcements

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1572
Year of Publication
2011
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Mestek, Peter
Organization
Technical University of Munich
Year of Publication
2011
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Point-Supported
Concentrated Loads
Shear
Rolling Shear
Reinforcement
Screws
Biaxial
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This thesis deals with the shear design of Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) elements stressed by concentrated loads which are locally reinforced by means of self-tapping screws with continuous threads. A simplified model is presented using an effective width for the calculation of the shear stresses in the vicinity of point supports or concentrated loads. Laboratory tests supply material-mechanical principles to determine the interaction of rolling shear stresses and compression perpendicular to the grain. In addition to experimental tests theoretical models are developed to examine the load bearing behaviour of CLT-elements reinforced by self-tapping screws. Preliminary tests with plate elements provide initial experience with these reinforcements under biaxial load transfer. Finally a design concept validated by means of the test results is proposed.
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Cross Laminated Timber under Concentrated Compression Loads - Methods of Reinforcement

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2932
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Maurer, Bernhard
Maderebner, Roland
Organization
University of Innsbruck
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Multi-storey Buildings
Point-supported Flat Slabs
Reinforcement
System Connector
SPIDER Connector
Punching Test
Research Status
Complete
Series
Engineering Structures
Summary
Point-supported flat slabs made of cross laminated timber (CLT) for multi-storey buildings pose various challenges to structural timber design. One aspect are concentrated compressive loads, which cause stress concentrations in the form of shear and compression perpendicular to the grain at the point supports. The present work deals with this problem and shows a method, how the support area can be reinforced with a system connector. After a specification of the connector, the functionality of this construction element is described on the basis of experimental, numerical and analytical studies for a symmetrical loading. The interaction of the connector with the (CLT) is presented with an anlaytical model and numerical simulations, and evaluated with mechanical tests.
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Parameter identification for a point-supported cross laminated timber slab based on experimental and numerical modal analysis

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2855
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Serviceability
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Kawrza, Michael
Furtmüller, Thomas
Adam, Christoph
Maderebner, Roland
Organization
University of Innsbruck
Publisher
Springer
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Serviceability
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Modal Analysis
Complex Mode Shape
Point-Supported
Research Status
Complete
Series
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products
Summary
In this paper, the dynamic properties of a point-supported cross-laminated timber slab are studied in order to determine the elastic material parameters on this basis. A detailed experimental modal analysis of the slab with dimensions 16.0 m x 11.0 m is performed, and seven modes including the natural frequencies, damping ratios and mode shape components at 651 sensor positions are identified. The found mode shapes are complex due to environmental influences that occurred during the two-day measurement campaign. This error is corrected by eliminating these influences. A finite element model of the slab is presented, whose parameters in terms of material properties and boundary conditions are determined by a model updating procedure. Based on the modal properties of the seven experimentally identified modes, an accurate and robust parameter set is obtained, which can be used in further numerical studies of the considered CLT to check serviceability limit criteria.
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Structural Behaviour of Point-Supported CLT Floor Systems

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1476
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Popovski, Marjan
Chen, Zhiyong
Gafner, Bernhard
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Brock Commons
Natural Frequency
Stiffness
Deformation
Load Carrying Capacity
Two-Way
Compression
Failure Mechanisms
Openings
Point-Supported
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria
Summary
This paper presents an experimental investigation of the structural behaviour and dynamic characteristics of an innovative, double-span, point-supported Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) floor system for an 18-stroey woodhybrid student residence building at the University of British Columbia Campus in Vancouver, Canada. Eighteen CLT floor specimens with or without service openings were fabricated by three manufacturers and tested. The fundamental natural frequency, stiffness and deformability, load-carrying capacity, two-way action, compression perpendicular to grain at the supports, and the failure mechanism of the floor systems were investigated. In addition, the effect of openings in the floors was investigated along with the manufacturer-related properties of the CLT floors were examined. The tests gave an insight into the structural behaviour of this innovative floor system, provided test data that was used for calibration of the Finite Element Models of the building, and helped choose the right product for the floors.
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System Solutions for Point Supported Wooden Flat Slabs

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1784
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Zingerle, Philipp
Maderebner, Roland
Flach, Michael
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Point-Supported
Stiffness
Load Carrying Capacity
Multi-Story
Reinforcement
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 5663-5668
Summary
The challenge with point-supported flat slabs is the stress concentration at the supporting points. The small strength of the wood perpendicular to the grain should not reduce the load carrying capacity of the CLT –Panels. Therefore, there are some existing state of the art methods of reinforcement with self-tapping screws, which open up the...
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Free
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