Skip header and navigation

27 records – page 1 of 3.

An experimental and modeling study on apparent bending moduli of cross-laminated bamboo and timber (CLBT) in orthogonal strength directions

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2914
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Li, Hao
Wang, Brad
Wang, Libin
Wei, Yang
Organization
Nanjing Forestry University
Southwest Forestry University
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Bending Performance
Modeling Analysis
Cross-laminated Bamboo and Timber
Research Status
Complete
Series
Case Study in Construction Materials
Summary
In this paper, the bending properties of a 3-ply cross-laminated bamboo and timber (CLBT), prefabricated with the bamboo mat-curtain panel and hem-fir lumber, were examined in the major and minor strength directions, and a 3-ply hem-fir cross-laminated timber (CLT) was taken as a control group. The analytical model for the sum of the orthogonal apparent bending moduli with the two types of layer classifications were proposed, and the two kinds of contribution models were developed to analyze the apparent bending modulus variation behavior of the CLBT and CLT panels in the major and minor strength directions. The experimental results showed that since the CLBT group had more internal orthogonal structures, its difference in the bending properties between the major and minor strength directions was lower than that of the CLT group. Furthermore, the proposed contribution models quantitatively analyzed the relationship between the apparent bending moduli of the CLBT and CLT panels and the corresponding composition layer characteristics. The contribution model to characterize the apparent bending modulus in major and minor strength directions demonstrated good agreement with the test results. Based on this model interpreted by three-dimensional figures, the contribution variation characteristics in the major and minor strength directions were revealed.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Design for Manufacturing and Assembly (DfMA) for Mass Timber Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1921
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Staub-French, Sheryl
Poirier, Erik
Calderon, Francisco
Chikhi, Imen
Zadeh, Puyan
Chudasma, Divyarajsinh
Huang, Shitian
Publisher
BIM TOPiCS Research Lab
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Report
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Model
Building Information Modeling
Design for Manufacturing and Assembly
Construction
BIM
DfMA
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The study laid out in this report aims to build on the lessons learned from around the globe and in BC to promote and facilitate the deployment of BIM and DfMA in the context of mass timber construction. The study’s objectives were to: 1. Explore BIM tools and software platforms that support collaboration and optimization of design solutions as well as enable seamless exchange of information in the context of DfMA of mass-timber solutions. 2. Investigate the potential impact of the use of BIM tools and software platforms on project and team outcomes in the context of mass-timber construction. 3. Investigate how the modeling process can be streamlined to minimize waste and optimize the DfMA process in the context of mass-timber construction. 4. Investigate the readiness of manufacturers and installer/assemblers to supply BIM data for products and systems. 5. Propose recommendations to position the supply chain to design, manufacture and assemble mass-timber structures. 6. Propose recommendations that identify future training requirements for BIM enabled DfMA in the context of mass-timber construction.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Cross-Laminated Timber Structural Design Volume 2

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1953
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Walls
Author
Wallner-Novak, Markus
Augustin, Manfred
Koppelhuber, Josef
Pock, Kurt
Publisher
proHolz Austria
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Walls
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Finite Element Modeling
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Cross-laminated timber has conquered new markets since the publication of volume I Basic design and engineering principles according to Eurocode. The present volume II describing Applications provides the designer of timber structures on the one hand with basics for design factors, mechanical properties and modelling with finite element method. On the other hand it describes in detail the design of floors, ribbed plates and walls e.g. by design approaches regarding forces in joints of plates and diaphragms, concentrated loads, openings, effective width and compression perpendicular to grain. Current scientific knowledge as well as experience from practical engineers is taken into account. 15 examples demonstrate the design approaches as references for practitioners. Closing background information for the shear correction coefficient, deformations due to concentrated loads and the modelling of crosslaminated timber as general grillage will illuminate the background and facilitate deeper understanding of the design with cross-laminated timber.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Design of Connections in Timber Structures

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1937
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Bader, Thomas
Blaß, Hans Joachim
Bocquet, Jean-François
Branco, Jorge
Brandner, Reinhard
Manuel Cabrero, José
de Proft, Kurt
Descamps, Thierry
Dietsch, Philipp
Franke, Bettina
Franke, Steffen
Görlacher, Rainer
Jockwer, Robert
Jorissen, André
Kleiber, Marion
Lemaître, Romain
Munch-Andersen, Jørgen
Pazlar, Tomaž
Ranasinghe, Keerthi
Ringhofer, Andreas
Sandhaas, Carmen
Schweigler, Michael
Stepinac, Mislav
Tuhkanen, Eero
Verbist, Maxime
Yurrita, Miguel
Editor
Sandhaas, Carmen
Munch-Andersen, Jørgen
Dietsch, Philipp
Publisher
COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology)
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Book/Guide
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Keywords
Eurocode 5
Fasteners
Screws
Dowel Type Fastener
Glued-In Rods
Numerical Modeling
Europe
Load Distribution
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This state-of-the-art report has been prepared within COST Action FP1402 Basis of structural timber design from research to standards, Working Group 3 Connections. The Action was established to create an expert network that is able to develop and establish the specific information needed for standardization committee decisions. Its main objective is to overcome the gap between broadly available scientific results and the specific information needed by standardization committees. This necessitates an expert network that links practice with research, i.e. technological developments with scientific background. COST presents the ideal basis to foster this type of joint effort. Chapter 8 Connections presents an integral part of Eurocode 5 and is in need of revision. This state-of-the-art report shall provide code writers with background information necessary for the development of the so-called Second Generation of the Eurocodes, now aimed to be produced in 2022.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Development of a BIM Library for Wood Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2246
Topic
Design and Systems
Application
Wood Building Systems
Organization
Université Laval
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
BIM library
Building Information Modeling
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Pierre Blanchet at Université Laval
Summary
The use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) models is not yet standardized. This situation limits the scope of the tool and this is particularly the case for systems not defined in the libraries of major BIM software. This results in a loss of productivity because each stakeholder will redefine materials and/or systems to a level of information corresponding to his own needs. This project aims, with the help of a research professional, to develop a BIM library that can contain the main information related to materials and systems to fully cover the needs of all users of the BIM model. This library will be made available to the public and will facilitate the use of wood systems by stakeholders.
Less detail

Finite Element Modeling on Shear Performance of Grouted Stud Connectors for Steel–Timber Composite Beams

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2944
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Beams
Author
Zhang, Henan
Ling, Zhibin
Organization
Suzhou University of Science and Technology
Editor
Lopes, Sérgio
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Material
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Shear Connection
Finite Element Modeling
Grouted Stud Connections
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials
Summary
Steel–timber composite (STC) systems are considered as an environmentally friendly alternative to steel–concrete composite (SCC) structures due to its advantages including high strength-to-weight ratio, lower carbon footprint, and fully dry construction. Bolts and screws are the most commonly used connectors in STC system; however, they probably make great demands on the accuracy of construction because of the predrilling in both the timber slabs and steel girder fangles. To address this issue, the STC connections with grouted stud connectors (GSC) were proposed in this paper. In addition, stud connectors can also provide outstanding stiffness and load-bearing capacity. The mechanical characteristic of the GSC connections was exploratorily investigated by finite element (FE) modeling. The designed parameters for the FE models include stud diameter, stud strength, angle of outer layer of cross-laminated timber (CLT) panel, tapered groove configurations, and thickness of CLT panel. The numerical results indicated that the shear capacity and stiffness of the GSC connections were mainly influenced by stud diameter, stud strength, angle of outer layer of CLT panel, and the angle of the tapered grooves. Moreover, the FE simulated shear capacity of the GSC connections were compared with the results predicted by the available calculation formulas in design codes and literatures. Finally, the group effect of the GSC connections with multiple rows of studs was discussed based on the numerical results and parametric analyses. An effective row number of studs was proposed to characterize the group effect of the GSC connections.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Fire Performance of Self-Tapping Screws in Tall Mass-Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2877
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Fire
Connections
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Létourneau-Gagnon, Mathieu
Dagenais, Christian
Blanchet, Pierre
Organization
Université Laval
FPInnovations
Editor
Hwang, Cheol-Hong
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Fire
Connections
Keywords
Self-Tapping Screws
Heat Transfer
Fire Performance
Finite Element Modeling
Research Status
Complete
Series
Applied Sciences
Summary
Building elements are required to provide sufficient fire resistance based on requirements set forth in the National Building Code of Canada (NBCC). Annex B of the Canadian standard for wood engineering design (CSA O86-19) provides a design methodology to calculate the structural fire-resistance of large cross-section timber elements. However, it lacks at providing design provisions for connections. The objectives of this study are to understand the fire performance of modern mass timber fasteners such as self-tapping screws, namely to evaluate their thermo-mechanical behavior and to predict their structural fire-resistance for standard fire exposure up to two hours, as would be required for tall buildings in Canada. The results present the great fire performance of using self-tapping screws under a long time exposure on connections in mass timber construction. The smaller heated area of the exposed surface has limited thermal conduction along the fastener’s shanks and maintained their temperature profiles relatively low for two hours of exposure. Based on the heat-affected area, the study presents new design principles to determine the residual length of penetration that would provide adequate load-capacity of the fastener under fire conditions. It also allows determining safe fire-resistance values for unprotected fasteners in mass timber construction exposed up to two hours of standard fire exposure.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

A framework to Automate the Design of Digitally-Fabricated Timber Plate Structures

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2773
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Design and Systems
Application
Shell Structures
Author
Rad, Aryan Rezaei
Burton, Henry
Rogeau, Nicolas
Vestartas, Petras
Weinand, Yves
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Application
Shell Structures
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Connections
Timber Plates
CAD
CAE
Computer Programming
Macro Modeling Technique
Research Status
Complete
Series
Computers & Structures
Summary
The current study uses knowledge from digital architecture, computer science, engineering informatics, and structural engineering to formulate an algorithmic framework for integrated Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) of Integrally-Attached Timber Plate (IATP) structures. The algorithm is designed to take the CAD 3D geometry of an IATP structure as input and automates the construction and analysis of the corresponding CAE model using a macroscopic element, which is an alternative to continuum Finite Element (FE) models. Each component of the macro model is assigned a unique tag that is linked to the relevant geometric and structural parameters. The CAE model integrity is maintained through the use of the common data model (CDM) concept and object-oriented programming. The relevant algorithms are implemented in Rhinoceros 3D using RhinoCommon, a .NET software development kit. Once the CAE macro model is generated, it is introduced to the OpenSees computational platform for structural analysis. The algorithmic framework is demonstrated using two case structures: a prefabricated timber beam with standard geometry and a free-form timber plate arch. The results are verified with measurements from physical experiments and FE models, where the time needed to convert thousands of CAD assemblies to the corresponding CAE models for response simulation is considerably reduced.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Hybrid simulation of a post-tensioned timber frame and validation of numerical models for seismic design

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue3107
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Seismic
Application
Frames
Author
Ogrizovic, J.
Abbiati, G.
Stojadinovic, B.
Frangi, A.
Organization
MWV Bauingenieure
University of Aarhus
ETH Zurich
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Application
Frames
Topic
Seismic
Keywords
Post-tensioned Timber Frame
Seismic Analysis
Hybrid Simulation
Finite Element Modeling
Research Status
Complete
Series
Engineering Structures
Summary
The post-tensioned frame is one of the recently emerged structural systems for multi-story timber buildings. It is characterized by a high level of prefabrication and quick erection on the construction site. The post-tensioned frame developed at ETH Zurich is based on post-tensioned beam–column connections with hardwood reinforcement of the column in the connection region and column base connections with glued-in steel rods. Such a construction system is suitable for low- and mid-rise buildings that are located in regions characterized by low to moderate seismicity. This paper presents a series of hybrid simulations of the response of a two-story two-bay post-tensioned timber frame subjected to ground motion excitation. Nonlinear numerical models of both beam–column and column base connections to be used for design purposes are validated based on the experiments.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Hygrothermal Characterization and Modeling of Cross-Laminated Timber in the Building Envelope

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2562
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Moisture
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Building Envelope
Author
Kordziel, Steven
Glass, Samuel
Boardman, Charles
Munson, Robert
Zelinka, Samuel
Pei, Shiling
Tabares-Velasco, Paulo
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Building Envelope
Topic
Moisture
Design and Systems
Keywords
Building Envelope
Hygrothermal Modeling
Moisture Performance
Water Uptake
Hygric Redistribution
Research Status
Complete
Series
Building and Environment
Summary
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is a type of mass timber panel used in floor, wall, and roof assemblies. An important consideration in design and construction of timber buildings is moisture durability. This study characterized the hygrothermal performance of CLT panels with laboratory measurements at multiple scales, field measurements, and modeling. The CLT panels consisted of five layers, four with spruce-pine-fir lumber and one with Douglas-fir lumber. Laboratory characterization involved measurements on small specimens that included material from only one or two layers and large specimens that included all five layers of the CLT panel. Water absorption was measured with panel specimens partially immersed in water, and a new method was developed where panels were exposed to ponded water on the top surface. This configuration gave a higher rate of water uptake than the partial immersion test. The rate of drying was much slower when the wetted surface was covered with an impermeable membrane. Measured hygrothermal properties were implemented in a one-dimensional transient hygrothermal model. Simulation of water uptake indicated that vapor diffusion had a significant contribution in parallel with liquid transport. A simple approximation for liquid transport coefficients, with identical coefficients for suction and redistribution, was adequate for simulating panel-scale wetting and drying. Finally, hygrothermal simulation of a CLT roof assembly that had been monitored in a companion field study showed agreement in most cases within the sensor uncertainty. Although the hygrothermal properties are particular to the wood species and CLT panels investigated here, the modeling approach is broadly applicable.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

27 records – page 1 of 3.