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10 records – page 1 of 1.

Ambient Vibration Measurement Data of a Four-Story Mass Timber Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2211
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Mugabo, Ignace
Barbosa, André
Riggio, Mariapaola
Batti, James
Publisher
Frontiers Media
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Albina Yard
Ambient Vibration Testing
Operational Modal Analysis
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Frontiers in Built Environment
ISSN
2297-3362
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Dynamic Characterization and Vibration Analysis of a Four-Story Mass Timber Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2213
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Dynamic Response of Cross Laminated Timber Floors Subject to Internal Loads

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2716
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Skoglund, Jacob
Publisher
Lund University
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Internal Loads
Finite Element Method (FEM)
Panels
Seven-Layer Model
Modal Analysis
3D Model
2D Model
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The deregulation of timber for use in large scale constructions has seen the addition of new innovative timber-based products to a category of products referred to as engineered wood products. A now well established addition to these products is cross laminated timber, or CLT for short. CLT products use a form of orthogonal layering, where several parallel wooden boards are arranged in a number of layers, each layer being orthogonal to the previous. The use of orthogonal layering allows for increased stiffness in the two plane directions, resulting in a lightweight construction product with high load bearing capacity and stiffness. To evaluate the dynamic behaviour of structures, engineers commonly apply the finite element method, where a system of equations are solved numerically. Given a sufficient amount of computational power and time, the finite element method can help to solve most dynamical problems. For sufficiently large or complex structures the amount of resources needed may be outside the scope of possibility or feasibility for many. Therefore, evaluating the usage of certain design simplifications, such as omitting to models aspects of the geometry, or alternative forms of analysis for CLT panels may help to reduce the time and resources required for an analysis. In this Master's dissertation, a seven-layer CLT-panel has been created. In the model, each individual board and the gaps between the boards are modelled. The seven-layer model is used as a reference to evaluate the possibility of using less detailed alternative models. The alternative models are created as a layered 3D model and a composite 2D model, both models omit the modelling of the individual laminations, resulting in the layers being solid. The results show small errors for the alternative models when using modal analysis. Concluding that the modal behaviour and dynamic response of a CLT panel can be evaluated using a composite 2D model or a less-detailed layered 3D model. This significantly reduces the amount of time and computational power needed for an analysis, and clearly indicates the benefit of using alternative less detailed models.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Dynamic Testing and Numerical Modeling of Residential Building Modules

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue105
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Model Calibration of Wooden Structure Assemblies - Using EMA and FEA

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue638
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Bolmsvik, Åsa
Linderholt, Andreas
Olsson, Jörgen
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Experimental Modal Analysis
Finite Element Model
Sound Transmission
Vibrational Tests
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
To predict and, when needed to fulfil regularizations or other requirements, lower the impact sound transmission in light weight buildings prior to building, dynamically representative calculation models are needed. The material properties of commonly used building components have a documented spread in literature. Therefore, to validate the junction models, the dynamics of the actual assembly components have to be known. Here, the dynamic properties of a number of component candidates are measured using hammer excited vibrational tests. The spread of the properties of the components are hereby gained. Some of the components are selected to build up wooden assemblies which are evaluated first when they are screwed together and later when they are screwed and glued together. The focus is here on achieving representative finite element models of the junctions between the building parts composing the assemblies.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Model Calibration of Wooden Strucuture Assemblies - Using EMA and FEA

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1001
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Bolmsvik, Åsa
Linderholt, Andreas
Olsson, Jörgen
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Finite Element Model
Experimental Modal Analysis
Impact Sound Transmission
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
To predict and, when needed to fulfil regularizations or other requirements, lower the impact sound transmission in light weight buildings prior to building, dynamically representative calculation models are needed. The material properties of commonly used building components have a documented spread in literature. Therefore, to validate the junction models, the dynamics of the actual assembly components have to be known. Here, the dynamic properties of a number of component candidates are measured using hammer excited vibrational tests. The spread of the properties of the components are hereby gained. Some of the components are selected to build up wooden assemblies which are evaluated first when they are screwed together and later when they are screwed and glued together. The focus is here on achieving representative finite element models of the junctions between the building parts composing the assemblies.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Non Destructive Evaluation of Elastic Material Properties of Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT)

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2315
Year of Publication
2008
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Nonlinear Pre-Yield Modal Properties of Timber Structures with Large-Diameter Steel Dowel Connections

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue132
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Frames
Author
Harris, Richard
Reynolds, Thomas
Chang, Wen-Shao
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Frames
Topic
Connections
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Dowel-Type Connection
Modal Analysis
Cyclic Loading
Energy Dissipation
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Engineering Structures
Summary
In timber structures, the connections are generally flexible in comparison to the members they connect, and so contribute significantly to the dynamic properties of the structure. It is shown here that a widely-used form of connection, the dowel-type connection, exhibits nonlinear stiffness and energy dissipation, even at pre-yield loads, and that this nonlinearity affects the modal properties of structures with such connections. This study investigates that behaviour by modal analysis of a portal frame and a cantilever beam constructed from timber with steel dowel connections. The observed nonlinearity is explained qualitatively by considering the measured force-displacement response of individual connectors under cyclic load, which show a reduction in stiffness and an increase in energy dissipation with increasing amplitude of vibration. The structures were tested by modal analysis under slow sine sweep and pseudo-random excitation. Under pseudo-random excitation, a linear single degree-of-freedom curve fit was applied to estimate the equivalent linear modal properties for a given amplitude of applied force. Under slow sine sweep excitation, the frequency response function for the structures was observed to show features similar to a system with a cubic component of stiffness, and the modal properties of the structures were extracted using the equation of motion of such a system. The consequences for structural design and testing are that two key design parameters, natural frequency and damping, vary depending on the magnitude of vibration, and that parameters measured during in-situ testing of structures may be inaccurate for substantially different loads.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Novel Testing for Stiffness Reductions of Cross-Laminated Timber at Elevated Temperature

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2454
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams

Static and Dynamic Properties of Retrofitted Timber Beams Using Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymers

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue797
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
Solid-sawn Heavy Timber
Application
Beams
Author
Bru, David
Baeza, Francisco Javier
Varona, Francisco
García-Barba, Javier
Ivorra, Salvador
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
Solid-sawn Heavy Timber
Application
Beams
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Damping Ratio
Ductility
Natural Frequency
Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer
Pine
Reinforcement
Static Properties
Dynamic Properties
Modal Analysis
Four Point Bending Test
Bending Strength
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Materials and Structures
ISSN
1871-6873
Summary
A study on the static and dynamic properties of sawn timber beams reinforced with glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) is reported in this paper. The experimental program is focused on the behavior of unidirectional wooden slabs, and the main objective is to fulfill the service state limit upon vibrations using GFRP when an architectonical retrofitting project is necessary. Two different typologies of reinforcement were evaluated on pine wood beams: one applied the composite only on the lower side of the beams, while the other also covered half of the beams depth. For the dynamic characterization, the natural frequency, damping ratio, and dynamic elastic modulus were measured using two different techniques: experimental modal analysis upon the whole beams; and bandwidth method using smaller samples of the same material. The static characterization consisted on four point bending tests, where elastic modulus, bending strength and ductility were assessed. The lower composite had better ductility and bending strength. On the other hand, the U-shaped laminate showed higher stiffness but also at a higher material cost. However, it allowed some ductility, i.e. compressive plasticity, even in the presence of hidden knots. Both dynamic techniques gave similar results and were capable of measuring the structure stiffness, even if short samples were used. Finally, the changes on dynamic properties because of the GFRP did not jeopardize the dynamic performance of the reinforced timber beams.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

10 records – page 1 of 1.