Skip header and navigation

11 records – page 1 of 2.

Dynamic Performance of Timber and Timber-Concrete Composite Flooring Systems

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue229
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Connections
Serviceability
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Rijal, Rajendra
Organization
University of Technology Sydney
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Australia
Format
Thesis
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Connections
Serviceability
Keywords
Connections
Costs
Fasteners
Finite Element Model
Long Span
Multi-Storey
Sustainability
Vibrations
Small Scale
Static Load Tests
Damage Index (DI) Method
Loss of Composite Action Index (LCAI)
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The work presented in this thesis deals with the investigation of the dynamic performance of timber only and TCC flooring systems, which is one of the sub-objectives of the research focus at UTS. In particular, the presented research assesses the dynamic performance of long-span timber and TCC flooring systems using different experimental und numerical test structures. For the experimental investigations, experimental modal testing and analysis is executed to determine the modal parameters (natural frequencies, damping ratios and mode shapes) of various flooring systems. For the numerical investigations, finite element models are calibrated against experimental results, and are utilised for parametric studies for flooring systems of different sizes. Span tables are generated for both timber and TCC flooring systems that can be used in the design of long-span flooring systems to satisfy the serviceability fundamental frequency requirement of 8 Hz or above. To predict the fundamental frequency of various TCC beams and timber floor modules (beams), five different analytical models are utilised and investigated. To predict the cross-sectional characteristics of TCC systems and to identify the effective flexural stiffness of partially composite beams, the “Gamma method” is utilised. [...] two novel methods are developed in this thesis that determines the degree of composite action of timber composite flooring systems using only measurements from non-destructive dynamic testing. The core of both methods is the use of an existing mode-shape-based damage detection technique, namely, the Damage Index (DI) method to derive the loss of composite action indices (LCAIs) named as LCAI1 and LCAI2. The DI method utilises modal strain energies derived from mode shape measurements of a flooring system before and after failure of shear connectors. The proposed methods are tested and validated on a numerical and experimental timber composite beam structure consisting of two LVL components (flange and web). To create different degrees of composite action, the beam is tested with different numbers of shear connectors to simulate the failure of connection screws. The results acquired from the proposed dynamic-based method are calibrated to make them comparable to traditional static-based composite action results. It is shown that the two proposed methods can successfully be used for timber composite structures to determine the composite action using only mode shapes measurements from dynamic testing.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Evaluation of Timber-Concrete Floor Performance under Occupant-Induced Vibrations using Continuous Monitoring

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue131
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Serviceability
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Omenzetter, Piotr
Kohli, Varun
Desgeorges, Yohann
Publisher
Scientific.net
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Serviceability
Keywords
Damping
Frequencies
Lightweight
Long Span
Office Buildings
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Key Engineering Materials
Summary
This paper describes the design of a system to monitor floor vibrations in an office building and an analysis of several months worth of collected data. Floors of modern office buildings are prone to occupant-induced vibrations. The contributing factors include long spans, slender and flexible designs, use of lightweight materials and low damping. As a result, resonant frequencies often fall in the range easily excited by normal footfall loading, creating potential serviceability problems due to undesirable levels of vibrations. This study investigates in-situ performance of a non-composite timber-concrete floor located in a recently constructed innovative multi-storey office building. The floor monitoring system consists of several displacement transducers to measure long-term deformations due to timber and concrete creep and three accelerometers to measure responses to walking forces, the latter being the focus of this paper. Floor response is typically complex and multimodal and the optimal accelerometer locations were decided with the help of the effective independence-driving point residue (EfI-DPR) technique. A novel approach to the EfI-DPR method proposed here uses a combinatorial search algorithm that increases the chances of obtaining the globally optimal solution. Several months worth of data collected by the monitoring system were analyzed using available industry guidelines, including ISO2631-1:1997(E), ISO10137:2007(E) and SCI Publication P354. This enabled the evaluation of the floor performance under real operating conditions.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Fire Resistance of Long Span Composite Wood Concrete Floor Systems

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue17
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Long Span
Testing
Full Scale
shear connectors
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
There is a need to evaluate timber-concrete composite (TCC) systems under fire conditions to understand how shear connectors will perform and might affect the fire performance and the composite action of the assmebly. This project evaluates the fire performance of TCC assemblies based on their structural resistance, integrity and insulation when exposed to a standard fire, as well as how mass timber and concrete interact. This study involves full-scale fire resistance tests on wood-concrete composite floors using two types of shear connectors.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Hollow Massive Timber Panels: A High-Performance, Long-Span Alternative to Cross Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue701
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Montgomery, William
Organization
Clemson University
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Hollow Massive Timber
Pine
Shear Tests
Screws
Emulsion Polymer Isocyanate
Long Span
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Since the development of Cross Laminated Timber (CLT), there has been a surge in interest in massive timber buildings. Furthermore, recent conceptual and feasibility designs of massive timber towers of 30 or more stories indicate that performance of mass timber structural elements can compete with other building materials in the commercial industry (MGB Architecture and Design et al.). However, in order for massive timber to penetrate the commercial market even further, a solution is needed for long-span massive timber floor systems. Unfortunately, CLT falls short in this area and is unable to span long distances. The hollow massive timber (HMT) panel presented in this thesis offers one potential long-span solution.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Innovation in the Design of Cross Laminated Timber for Long Span Floors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2311
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Lewis, Kirsten
Basaglia, Bella
Shrestha, Rijun
Crews, Keith
Publisher
University of Queensland
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
Australia
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Sustainable Materials
Floor Dynamics
Long Span Floors
Structural Design
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Investigation of a Proposed Long Span Timber Floor for Non-Residential Applications

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue197
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Floors
Author
Zabihi, Zhinus
Organization
University of Technology Sydney
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Australia
Format
Thesis
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Commercial
Failure
Long Span
Large Span
Industrial
Short-term
Static Behaviour
Finite element (FE) model
Stress-Strain
Full Scale
Composites
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This PhD research provides a detailed procedure for designing and investigating the short term static behaviour of a proposed long span timber floor system for non-residential applications that meets serviceability and ultimate limit design criteria, with the use of timber as the only structural load bearing part of the system. In this study the behaviour of two types of LVL are investigated through a number of experimental and analytical tests. As a result of the tension and compression tests, a suitable constitutive law is developed which can accurately capture the stress-strain relationship and the failure behaviour of LVL, and it can also be incorporated into FE analysis of any LVL beam with similar structural features to the tested specimens. Further, the results of the full scale four point bending tests on LVL sections are used to identify the behaviour of LVL up to the failure point and to develop a finite element model to capture the behaviour and failure of LVL. Moreover, after investigating the long span timber floors, one system is proposed to be fabricated for the extensive experimental and numerical investigation. The results of the full scale experimental tests together with the numerical investigation provide a robust model for predicting the performance of any timber beams with similar structural features to the proposed system while the dimensions and spans can be varied according to special requirements such as dynamic performance or fire resistance requirements.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Long-span Timber Roof Structure for the New Feyenoord Stadium

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2575
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Roofs

Northeastern Species in Hybrid Cross Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2393
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Shear Walls

Timber-Steel-Composite – A Possibility for Hybrid Structures of Long Span Timber Floors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1697
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Zimmer, Severin
Augustin, Manfred
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Four Point Bending Test
Long Span
Bending Stiffness
Full Scale
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 4341-4351
Summary
The present contribution deals with the theoretical analysis of a selected geometry of CLT-elements combined with steel trapezoidal cross sections with a subsequent description of test specimens and the results of the conducted four-point-bending test. Used for long span floors this hybrid construction can be adjusted in its bending stiffness as needed. By placing the steel part into the tension zone a ductile failure mode can be achieved as well as notching the trapezoidal cross section is applicable easily. By performing full scale four-point-bending-tests of several test specimens it was possible to confirm the theoretical findings.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

The Use of Cross Laminated Timber for Long Span Flooring in Commercial Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1739
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Serviceability
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Lewis, Kirsten
Basaglia, Bella
Shrestha, Rijun
Crews, Keith
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Serviceability
Connections
Keywords
Long Span
Australia
New Zealand
Transverse Stiffness
Vibration Performance
Boundary Conditions
Numerical Analysis
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 4845-4853
Summary
Long span timber floor solutions have demonstrated their potential to compete with concrete and steel construction for multi-storey commercial buildings. Due to the high strength-to-weight ratio of timber, serviceable vibration performance is a critical structural design issue for long spans. This project investigates the vibration...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

11 records – page 1 of 2.