Skip header and navigation

66 records – page 1 of 7.

Analytical Model to Evaluate the Equivalent Viscous Damping of Timber Structures with Dowel-Type Fastener Connections

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1893
Year of Publication
2012
Topic
Connections
Application
Frames

Assessing the Fire Integrity Performance of Cross-Laminated Timber Floor Panel-To-Panel Joints

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue185
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Dagenais, Christian
Organization
Carleton University
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Connections
Fire
Keywords
Finite Element Model
Thickness
Codes
Panel-to-Panel
Joints
Canada
US
Fire Resistance
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
During the past few years, a relatively new technology has emerged in North America and changed the way professionals design and build wood structures: Cross-laminated Timber (CLT). CLT panels are manufactured in width ranging from 600 mm to 3 m. As such, fastening them together along their major strength axis is required in order to form a singular structural assembly resisting to in-plane and out-of-plane loading. Typical panel-to-panel joint details of CLT assemblies may consist of internal spline(s), single or double surface splines or half-lapped joints. These tightly fitted joint profiles should provide sufficient fire-resistance, but have yet to be properly evaluated for fire-resistance in CLT assemblies. The experimental portion of the study consisted at conducting ten (10) intermediate-scale fire-resistance tests of CLT floor assemblies with four (4) types of panel-to-panel joints and three (3) CLT thicknesses. The data generated from the intermediate-scale fire tests were used to validate a finite element heat transfer model, a coupled thermal-structural model and a simplified design model. The latter is an easy-to-use design procedure for evaluating the fire integrity resistance of the four commonly-used CLT floor assemblies and could potentially be implemented into building codes and design standards. Based on the test data and models developed in this study, joint coefficient values were derived for the four (4) types of CLT panel-to-panel joint details. Joint coefficients are required when assessing the fire integrity of joints using simple design models, such as the one presented herein and inspired from Eurocode 5: Part 1-2. The contribution of this study is to increase the knowledge of CLT exposed to fire and to facilitate its use in Canada and US by complementing current fire-resistance design methodologies of CLT assemblies, namely with respect to the fire integrity criterion. Being used as floor and wall assemblies, designers should be capable to accurately verify both the load-bearing and separating functions of CLT assemblies in accordance with fire-related provisions of the building codes, which are now feasible based on the findings of this study.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Bond Behavior Between Softwood Glulam and Epoxy Bonded-In Threaded Steel Rod

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue450
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Ling, Zhibin
Liu, Weiqing
Lam, Frank
Yang, Huifeng
Lu, Weidong
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Bonding Behavior
Failure Modes
Joints
Load Capacity
Softwood
Threaded Steel Rod
Pull-Pull
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Summary
This study aims to develop an improved understanding of the interfacial bond behavior of softwood glulam joints with bonded-in threaded steel rod. A total of 39 glulam joints with bonded-in single-threaded steel rods were tested to failure in the pull-pull configuration. The test results were presented in term of failure modes, load-relative movement response, pullout strength, and the corresponding slip. The distributions of bonded-in rod axial strain, interfacial bond stress, and relative movement were also analyzed to evaluate the local bond stress– relative movement response in the bond line. The results confirmed that the bond-relative movement response is dependent on the locations along the anchorage length, and the bond-relative movement responses located near both the loaded end and the anchorage end were observed to be stiffer than those at other locations. Finally, the predictions for the load capacity of the glulam joints with bonded-in threaded steel rod were carried out based on several existing empirical formulas.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Buildings Made of Dowel-Laminated Timber: Joint and Shear Wall Properties

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1718
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Seismic
Connections
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Author
Sandhaas, Carmen
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Seismic
Connections
Keywords
Joints
Load Carrying Capacity
Cyclic Tests
Energy Dissipation
Behaviour Factors
Numerical Models
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 4589-4596
Summary
Dowel-laminated timber (DLT) elements consist of lamellae arranged side-by-side that are connected with beech dowels. Due to the glue-free DLT element layup, joints and shear walls potentially suffer from considerable reduction of stiffness and load carrying capacity as metal fasteners inserted perpendicular to the element plane may be placed in gaps between the single lamellae. Tests on typical joints showed that, depending on the fastener diameter, the remaining load carrying capacity of joints in DLT in comparison to joints in solid wood may be only 25%. Tests on DLT shear walls with different sheeting proved that the use of DLT structures as shear walls is only possible if at least one-sided sheeting is used. Cyclic tests on DLT shear walls demonstrated that the DLT construction typology has energy dissipation properties similar to traditional timber frame construction. Analogously, preliminary behaviour factors for DLT buildings evaluated with numerical models were also similar to those for timber frame buildings.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Compression Perpendicular to Grain Behavior for the Design of a Prefabricated CLT Facade Horizontal Joint

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1540
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Hybrid Building Systems
Author
Gasparri, Eugenia
Lam, Frank
Liu, Yingyang
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Hybrid Building Systems
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Keywords
Envelope
Joints
Self-Tapping Screws
Finite Element Analysis
Prefabricated
Vertical Loads
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 1088-1098
Summary
The present work aims to define horizontal joint dimension tolerances for newly proposed prefabricated façade systems for applications in tall cross laminated timber (CLT) buildings based on the compression perpendicular to grain characteristics of the component. This requires a thorough understanding of structural settlement under vertical loads which can vary at each floor height. An experimental program has been carried out with reference to the case of a platform frame building construction, where major perpendicular to grain compression of the floor can occur under high loads. Five-layer CLT specimens have been tested under compression via the application of a line load with steel plate as well as actual CLT wall specimens. Strengthening contribution using full threaded self-tapping wood screws has also been investigated. Results of deformation characteristics have been validated through a non-linear finite element analysis and further elaborated in order to outline implications in the design of a prefabricated façade.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Contact Joints in Engineered Wood Products

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1558
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Schmidt, Tobias
Blaß, Hans Joachim
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Contact Joints
Joints
Stiffness
Load Carrying Capacity
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 1321-1328
Summary
Cross laminated timber (CLT) members are especially suited for in-plane loads due to their high shear strength and stiffness. However, available connection techniques show limited load-carrying capacities and stiffness values in comparison to the shear capacity of CLT. To use the potential of CLT under in-plane loading, new connection techniques, so called contact joints, with increased stiffness and load-carrying capacities were developed. 10 different types of these contact joints, varying geometry and connector material, were studied. The developed contact joints can substitute traditional connection techniques.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Cyclic Load Behaviour of Beam-to-Column Glulam Joints Combining Glued-in Rods with Steel Brackets

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2028
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)

Development of a Spring Model for the Structural Analysis of a Double-Layered Timber Plate Structure with Through-Tenon Joints

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2034
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Author
Chi Nguyen, Anh
Weinand, Yves
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
South Korea
Format
Conference Paper
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Beech
Joints
Finite Element Model
Double-Layered Timber Plate
Stiffness
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Development of Assembling Large Cross-Section Timber Joint System by High Ductility Wood Frame Structure

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1565
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Seismic
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Frames
Author
Matsumoto, Shinya
Okamoto, Hajime
Takemoto, Mitsuhiro
Sato, Masanori
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Frames
Topic
Connections
Seismic
Keywords
Joints
Fiber Reinforced Plastics
Ductility
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 1580-1587
Summary
We propose the high productivity timber joint system based on combining the medium-sized wood lumber as assembly large cross-section member. In general, the wood frame structures are required high ductility performance. In this study, the surfaces of the member joints are covered with fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) to improve the mechanical properties to achieve high ductility wood joints. It will be construction of outstanding architectural space to earthquake resistance by these wood frame structure. The purpose of this study is to investigate the seismic performance of joint and to propose the assembling large cross-section timber joint system by high ductility wood frame structure
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Development of CLT Shear Frame Using Metal Plate Insert Connections

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue697
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Author
Kitamori, Akihisa
Nakashima, Shoichi
Isoda, Hiroshi
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Failure Mode
Joints
Steel Plate
Strength
Steel Connectors
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The purpose of this study is to develop a high strength leg joint for shear wall made of small size cross laminated timber panel in a simple system. The joint of CLT in which steel plate was inserted in the central slit and fixed by high strength bolt at inside of short steel pipes was proposed. In order to grasp the failure mode and strength of CLT member, material tests on embedment and shear were carried out using small CLT blocks. The test results indicated that there is few reinforce effect by cross bonding of each lamina. It was concluded that the precise estimation of the strength of CLT member is important in order to develop the joint proposed in this paper.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

66 records – page 1 of 7.