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In-Plane Loaded CLT Beams – Tests and Analysis of Element Lay-Up

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2234
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams

Study on the strength of glued laminated timber beams with round holes: difference in structural performance between homogeneous-grade and heterogeneous-grade timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2859
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Okamoto, Shigefumi
Akiyama, Nobuhiko
Araki, Yasuhiro
Aoki, Kenji
Inayama, Masahiro
Organization
Osaka City University
Publisher
Springer
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Beam with Hole
Load Carrying Capacity
Heterogeneous
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Wood Science
Summary
Various design codes and design proposals have been proposed for glued laminated timber beams with round holes, assuming that the entire beam is composed of homogeneous-grade timber. However, in Japan, glued laminated timber composed of homogeneous-grade timber is rarely used for beams. In this study, the difference in the load-bearing capacity of glued laminated beams composed of homogeneous-grade timber and heterogeneous-grade timber with round holes when fractured by cracking was investigated experimentally and analytically. The materials used in the tests were glued laminated beams composed of homogeneous-grade Scots pine timber with a strength grade of E105-F345 and heterogeneous-grade Scots pine timber with a strength grade of E105-F300. Experiments confirmed that although the glued laminated beams composed of heterogeneous-grade timber have a lower material strength in the lamina with holes, its resistance to fracturing due to cracks associated with the holes is almost the same as that of the glued laminated beams composed of homogeneous-grade timber. The stresses acting on the holes in the laminated timber with holes of less than half the beam height were lower in the glued laminated beams composed of heterogeneous-grade timber than in the glued laminated beams composed of homogeneous-grade timber. The ratio of the stresses was found to be approximately equal to the ratio of the maximum bending stress or the maximum shear stress acting on the inner layer lamina, as determined by Bernoulli–Euler theory.
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Study on the strength of glued laminated timber beams with round holes: proposal of the design formula for the splitting strength

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2946
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Okamoto, Shigefumi
Akiyama, Nobuhiko
Araki, Yasuhiro
Aoki, Kenji
Inayama, Masahiro
Organization
Osaka City University
Publisher
Springer
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Round Hole
Splitting
Finite Element Method (FEM)
Design Formula
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Wood Science
Summary
When a glued laminated timber (GLT) beam with a round hole is subjected to a shear force and bending moment, the hole will crack and fail due to a large tensile stress perpendicular to the grain and shear stresses. If the stresses acting on the hole are known, it is possible to estimate the fracture load. However, it is necessary to obtain the stresses acting on the hole by finite element analysis, which is very time consuming. In this study, to easily estimate the fracture load, we proposed a formula to estimate the bearing capacity at the time of a hole fracture by obtaining the stress acting on the hole through fnite element analysis and an approximate formula. The validity of the proposed formula was verifed using the existing experimental data of a GLT beam. As a result, it was confrmed that the proposed equation can estimate the fracture load of GLT beams in Japan and that the proposed equation can estimate the fracture load of GLT beams in countries other than Japan with some accuracy.
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Free
Resource Link
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