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Alternative Load Path Analyses for Mid-Rise Post and Beam Mass Timber Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2448
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Columns
Beams

Discrete Bracing of Timber Beams Subjected to Gravity Loads

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue683
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Author
Klasson, Anders
Crocetti, Roberto
Hansson, Eva
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Gravity Loads
Buckling Strength
Brace Forces
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
Slender timber beams subjected to gravity loads may buckle in the out-of-plane direction. Normally, the same bracing system that is used to prevent lateral movements of the beams, caused by external transversal loading, also serve to increase the buckling strength of the beams. For the idealized case of a perfectly straight beam with full-bracing there is no force in the braces even at buckling because there is no displacement at the brace points. However, in real beams brace forces do develop during loading. This paper describes experimental and analytical studies performed on slender glulam beams subjected to gravity loads laterally stiffened by means of discrete bracing. In particular, the influence of relevant parameters such as i) brace stiffness, ii) brace position, iii) shape and magnitude of initial imperfections on the brace force were investigated.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Feasibility Study of Tall Concrete-Timber Hybrid System

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1274
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Seismic
Wind
Design and Systems
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Author
Kaushik, Kuldeep
Organization
University of British Columbia
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Thesis
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Wind
Design and Systems
Keywords
Lateral Loads
Gravity Loads
Timber-Concrete Hybrid
Inter-Story Drift
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Although wood is widely used as a construction material, it is mostly limited to low and mid-rise residential construction, partially due to fire code restrictions. This limitation can be overcome by considering hybrid systems which combine wood with non-combustible materials. This research presents an innovative wood-concrete hybrid system, suitable for tall buildings, where a concrete frame with slabs at every third story provides fire separation as well as stiffness and strength to resist gravity and lateral loads. The intermediate stories including their floors are constructed using light-frame wood modules. This approach reduces the environmental footprint of the building, reduces the building weight and therefore the seismic demand on connections and foundation, and speeds up the construction process. For a novel system, numerical modeling is crucial to predicting its structural response to static and dynamic loading. This thesis studies the structural feasibility of the system by developing finite element models and assessing the structural behavior at the component and system levels when subjected to earthquake and wind loads. Nonlinear analyses are performed considering material and geometric nonlinearity using multiple ground motions to estimate the structure’s inter-story drift and base shear. The results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed wood-concrete hybrid system for tall buildings in high seismic zones.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Scotia Place – 12 Story Apartment Building. A Case Study of High-Rise Construction Using Wood and Steel – WCTE2000

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1852
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Floors
Author
Moore, Mark
Publisher
New Zealand Timber Design Society
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
New Zealand
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Gravity Loads
Lateral Loads
Wind
Earthquake
Vibration
Acoustics
Moisture Content
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
New Zealand Timber Design Journal
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Structural Performance of Post-Tensioned Timber Frames Under Gravity Loading

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1148
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Design and Systems
Connections
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Beams
Frames
Author
van Beerschoten, Wouter
Organization
University of Canterbury
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
New Zealand
Format
Thesis
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Beams
Frames
Topic
Design and Systems
Connections
Keywords
Post-Tensioning
Gravity Loads
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
A new structural system for multi-storey timber buildings has been developed over the last seven years at the University of Canterbury. The system incorporates large timber structural frames, whereby semi-rigid beam-column connections are created using post-tensioning steel tendons. This system can create large open floor plans required for office and commercial buildings. Several material properties of the engineered timber used were determined based on small-scale experimental testing. Full-scale testing of beams, connections and frames resulted in a more comprehensive understanding of the behaviour of such systems. Numerical, analytical and framework models also led to the development of design equations and procedures which were validated with the acquired experimental data.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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