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Seismic Analysis of Cross-Laminated Multistory Timber Buildings Using Code-Prescribed Methods: Influence of Panel Size, Connection Ductility, and Schematization

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue566
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Sustersic, Iztok
Fragiacomo, Massimo
Dujic, Bruno
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2015
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Keywords
Multi-Story
FE Analysis
Geometry
Vertical Load
Friction
Stiffness
Strength
Ductility
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Structural Engineering
Summary
This paper presents the results of an experimental study whose objective was to investigate the behavior of a hybrid wood shear-wall system defined herein as a combination of traditional light-frame wood shear walls with post-tensioned rocking Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) panels. The post-tensioned CLT panels in the hybrid system offer both vertical and lateral load resistance and self-centering capacities. The traditional Light-Frame Wood Systems (LiFS) provide additional lateral load resistance along with a large amount of energy dissipation through the friction of nail connections. Thus, a combination of these two types of structures, in which traditional light-frame wood shearwalls are utilized as structural partition walls, may provide an excellent structural solution for mid-rise to tall wood buildings for apartments/condos, where there is a need for resisting large lateral and vertical loads as well as structural stability. In this study, a real-time hybrid testing algorithm using a combination of time-delay updating and Newmark-Beta feed forward to reduce the undesirable effects of time delay was introduced. The top two-stories of a three-story building were modeled as a numerical substructure with the first story as the experimental CLT-LiFS substructure. The experimental results of the hybrid wall are presented and discussed in this paper.
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Seismic Analysis of Cross Laminated Timber Buildings Using Code Prescribed Methods

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1646
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Sustersic, Iztok
Fragiacomo, Massimo
Dujic, Bruno
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Keywords
FE Analysis
Multi-Story
Geometry
Vertical Load
Friction
Strength
Stiffness
Ductility
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 3453-3461
Summary
This paper investigates the seismic analysis of multi-story cross laminated timber (XLAM) buildings. The influence of different parameters such as wall geometry, vertical load level, friction and, most importantly, connection stiffness, strength and ductility is assessed. Linear and nonlinear finite element (FE) analyses are carried out on a hypothetic four-story case study building. The XLAM building behaviour factors are derived for different cases using a simplified method. Values in the range of 2 to 3 have been obtained depending on whether monolithic or segmental walls are used. Further nonlinear dynamic analyses carried out on a part of the case study building show that friction may have a beneficial effect on the seismic resistance of XLAM buildings. However it is advised that its influence is conservatively neglected until further investigations are performed. Obtained results provide an important insight for both academics and practicing engineers into the FE modelling and design of XLAM buildings using different code-based approaches. This data is also crucial for the preparation of new seismic design codes on XLAM timber buildings.
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Free
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Shear Resistance and Failure Modes of Edgewise Multiple Tab-and-Slot Joint (MTSJ) Connection with Dovetail Design for Thin LVL Spruce Plywood Kerto-Q Panels

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1563
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Author
Dedijer, Mira
Roche, Stéphane
Weinand, Yves
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Geometry
Multiple Tab-and-Slot Joints
Shear Test
Finger Joint
Failure Modes
Shear Strength
Shear Stiffness
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 1548-1555
Summary
The objective of this study is to experimentally analyse effects of geometry variations of Multiple Tab and Slot Joint (MTSJ) connection with dovetail design on shear mechanical behaviour. Direct shear test was performed on angular ( = 90° ) MTSJ connection made of Kerto-Q 21mm-thick spruce plywood laminated veneer lumber (LVL) panels. Connection was examined in its configuration of three tabs/slots per edge. Nine different geometries of MTSJ connection were tested. In order to provide better understanding of mechanical behaviour of the connection, results were compared with finger joint (F) connection. Two characteristic failure modes were observed. Influence of three theta angles which define geometry of MTSJ connection was analysed concerning shear strength and stiffness. Connection showed very ductile shear behaviour with relatively high stiffness. It has been shown that by increasing q 3 angle above 30°, shear strength decreases. On the other hand, the highest influence on shear stiffness is due to q 2 and q 3 rotations.
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Free
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