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Development of Rotational Fixity Factors for Vibration Design of Cross-Laminated Timber Floors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2843
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Serviceability
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Zhang, Sigong
Zhou, Jianhui
Niederwestberg, Jan
Chui, Ying Hei
Organization
University of Alberta
University of Northern British Columbia
Publisher
Preprints
Year of Publication
2018
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Serviceability
Keywords
End Support
Vibration Serviceability
Floor-Wall Connection
Research Status
Complete
Summary
As an emerging building solution, cross-laminated timber (CLT) floors have been increasingly used in mass timber construction. The current vibration design of CLT floors is conservative due to the assumption of simple support conditions in the floor-to-wall connections. It is noted that end fixity occurs as a result of clamping action at the ends, arising from the gravity load applied by the structure above the floor and by the mechanical fasteners. In this paper, the semi-rigid floor-to-wall connections are treated as elastically restrained edges against rotations to account for the effect of partial constraint. A rotational end-fixity factor was first defined to reflect the relative bending stiffness between CLT floors and elastic restraints at the edges. Then, for the design of vibration serviceability of CLT floors as per the Canadian Standard for Engineering Design in Wood (CSA O86), restraint coefficients were defined and their analytical expressions were derived for natural frequencies and the mid-span deflection under a concentrated load, respectively. In particular, a simplified formula of the restraint coefficient for the fundamental frequency was developed to assist engineers in practical design. At last, by comparing with reported experimental data, the proposed design formula showed excellent agreement with test results. In the end, the proposed end fixity factor with their corresponding restraint coefficients is recommended as an effective mechanics-based approach to account for the effect of end support conditions of CLT floors.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Study on Shear Performance of CLT Joints Using Long Vise Part 1 Summary of Experiments and Test Pieces

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1009
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Walls
Author
Nasu, Hideyuki
Township, Onishi
Karibe, Yuki
Organization
Architectural Institute of Japan
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Walls
Topic
Connections
Keywords
Floor-Wall Connection
Mid-Rise
Shear Test
Fracture Behavior
Long Vise
Joints
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Innovative steel - Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) connections are key elements in developing hybrid steeltimber composite floors with desirable strength and serviceability performance. The performance of floors mainly relies on the load-slip behavior of connections for composite action. The long-term behavior of timber is mainly affected by elastic and mechano-sorptive creep, resulting in a different total slip than the initially observed one. In this study, the long-term load-slip behavior of two different types of connections with pre-tensioned high-strength bolts and dog screws are experimentally assessed at two different stress levels. Furthermore, the effect of grain orientation on the results is studied by considering specimens with parallel and perpendicular grain orientations under sustained loads. Load-slip curves show a stable performance of a composite action over time. Furthermore, an analytical model is fitted to the loadslip vs time data which can be used to predict long-term behavior of floors in future.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Study on Shear Performance of CLT Joints Using Long Vise Part 2 Result of Experiments, Consideration and Conclusion

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1008
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Walls
Author
Township, Onishi
Nasu, Hideyuki
Karibe, Yuki
Organization
Architectural Institute of Japan
Year of Publication
2014
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Walls
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Floor-Wall Connection
Joints
Mid-Rise
Shear Test
Fracture Behavior
Long Vise
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Innovative steel - Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) connections are key elements in developing hybrid steeltimber composite floors with desirable strength and serviceability performance. The performance of floors mainly relies on the load-slip behavior of connections for composite action. The long-term behavior of timber is mainly affected by elastic and mechano-sorptive creep, resulting in a different total slip than the initially observed one. In this study, the long-term load-slip behavior of two different types of connections with pre-tensioned high-strength bolts and dog screws are experimentally assessed at two different stress levels. Furthermore, the effect of grain orientation on the results is studied by considering specimens with parallel and perpendicular grain orientations under sustained loads. Load-slip curves show a stable performance of a composite action over time. Furthermore, an analytical model is fitted to the loadslip vs time data which can be used to predict long-term behavior of floors in future.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail