Engineered bamboo, produced through the technique of gluing and reconstituting, has better mechanical properties than round bamboo and some wood products. This paper studies the flexural performance of laminated beams produced with timber and engineered bamboo. The six-layer beams were made from Douglas fir, spruce, bamboo scrimber and laminated bamboo, or a combination of these. It is confirmed that glued-laminated wood beams producedwith wood of weak strength, like spruce, can be strengthened by gluing engineered bamboo lumbers on the outer faces, thus achieving better utilization of the fast growing economic wood species. Flexural failure of the laminated beams was primarily triggered by tensile fracture of the bottom fiber in mid-span, followed by horizontal tearing beside the broken surface. No relative slip between layers was observed before failure, therefore the flexural capacity of the laminated beams can be predicted using equilibrium and compatibility conditions according to the plane section assumption
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is an innovative wood panel composite that has been attracting growing interest worldwide. Apart from its economic benefits, CLT takes full advantage of both the tensile strength parallel to the wood grain and its compressive strength perpendicular to the grain, which enhances the load bearing capacity of the composite. However, traditional CLT panels are made with glue, which can expire and lose effectiveness over time, compromising the CLT panel mechanical strength. To mitigate such shortcomings of conventional CLT panels, we pioneer herein nail-cross-laminated timber (NCLT) panels with more reliable connection system. This study investigates the flexural performance of NCLT panels made with different types of nails and explores the effects of key design parameters including the nail incidence angle, nail type, total number of nails, and number of layers. Results show that NCLT panels have better flexural performance than traditional CLT panels. The failure mode of NCLT panels depends on the nail angle, nail type, and quantity of nails. A modified formula for predicting the flexural bearing capacity of NCLT panels was proposed and proven accurate. The findings could blaze the trail for potential applications of NCLT panels as a sustainable and resilient construction composite for lightweight structures.