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9 records – page 1 of 1.

Comparison of Carbon Footprints: Mass Timber Buildings vs Steels – A Literature Review

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2380
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Cooney, Emily
Publisher
Lakehead University
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Sustainability
Carbon Footprint
Mass Timber
Steel
Greenhouse Gases
Climate Change
Engineered Wood Product (EWP)
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Sustainability and innovation are key components in the fight against climate change. Mass timber buildings have been gaining popularity due to the renewable nature of timber. Although research comparing mass timber buildings to more mainstream buildings such as steel is still in the early stages and therefore, limited. We are looking to determine the difference between carbon footprints of mass timber and traditional steel and concrete buildings. This is done with the intention of determining the sustainability and practicality of mass timber buildings.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Comparison of Test Methods for the Determination of Delamination in Glued Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2428
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Disproportionate Collapse Analysis of Mid-rise Cross-laminated Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2181
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Walls

Experimental Investigation on Long-term Axial Creep Performance of Pine, Spotted Gum and Laminated Veneer Lumber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2485
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Life Cycle Assessment of Forest-Based Products: A Review

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2175
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Environmental Impact
Application
Wood Building Systems

Life Cycle Assessment of North American Laminated Strand Lumber (LSL) Production

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2953
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Environmental Impact
Material
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Khatri, Poonam
Sahoo, Kamalakanta
Bergman, Richard
Puettmann, Maureen
Organization
Forest Products Laboratory
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Editor
Brito, Jorge
Publisher
Lidsen Publishing Inc.
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Engineered Wood Product (EWP)
Green Buildings
Life-Cycle Assessment
Environmental Product Declaration
Research Status
Complete
Series
Recent Progress in Materials
Summary
Raw materials for buildings and construction account for more than 35% of global primary energy use and nearly 40% of energy-related CO2 emissions. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) emphasized the drastic reduction in GHG emissions and thus, wood products with very low or negative carbon footprint materials can play an important role. In this study, a cradle-to-grave life cycle assessment (LCA) approach was followed to quantify the environmental impacts of laminated strand lumber (LSL). The inventory data represented North American LSL production in terms of input materials, including wood and resin, electricity and fuel use, and production facility emissions for the 2019 production year. The contribution of cradle-to-gate life cycle stages was substantial (>70%) towards the total (cradle-to-grave) environmental impacts of LSL. The cradle-to-gate LCA results per m³ LSL were estimated to be 275 kg CO2 eq global warming, 39.5 kg O3eq smog formation, 1.7 kg SO2 eq acidification, 0.2 kg N eq eutrophication, and 598 MJ fossil fuel depletion. Resin production as a part of resource extraction contributed 124 kg CO2 eq (45%). The most relevant unit processes in their decreasing contribution to their cradle-to-grave GW impacts were resource extraction, end-of-life (EoL), transportation (resources and product), and LSL manufacturing. Results of sensitivity analysis showed that the use of adhesive, consumption of electricity, and transport distance had the greatest influences on the LCA results. Considering the whole life cycle of the LSL, the final product stored 1,010 kg CO2 eq/m³ of LSL, roughly two times more greenhouse gas emissions over than what was released (493 kg CO2 eq/m³ of LSL) from cradle-to-grave. Overall, LSL has a negative GW impact and acts as a carbon sink if used in the construction sector. The study results are intended to be important for future studies, including waste disposal and recycling strategies to optimize environmental trade-offs.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Petawawa Research Forest Centennial Bridge

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1919
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Koo, Kenneth
Prevost, Glen
Pineau, John
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2019
Format
Report
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Road Bridge
Construction
Culvert System
Engineered Wood Product (EWP)
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The Petawawa Research Forest (PRF) was established in 1918 and is the oldest research forest in Canada. It is located along Highway 17, east of Chalk River, Ontario, and is part of Garrison Petawawa under the jurisdiction of the Department of National Defence. By special agreement, it is managed by the Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, under the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada. The research undertaken at the PRF influences forest policy, industry, silvicultural practices, and private forest management practices across the country. Operational commercial harvests also occur at the PRF. Meridian Road is an access road at the PRF and leads to research, forest management, and recreational sites. A multi-cell culvert system at Young’s Creek recently failed (bottom left), and the crossing needed large-scale maintenance to allow the continued movement of logging trucks, vehicles, and research teams. The culvert failure negatively impacted water flow and habitat. To rectify these issues, a modern, single-lane engineered wood product (EWP) bridge, named Centennial Bridge (bottom right), was installed and built by Corington Engineering Inc., of Renfrew, Ontario. The experience at the PRF is of interest to sustainable forest licence (SFL) holders (and municipalities) looking to gain more knowledge about the construction and design of EWP access road bridges. The goal of this case study was to highlight the main construction and design details of Centennial Bridge and draw some comparisons to conventional steel-logging road bridges.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Review of State of the Art of Dowel Laminated Timber Members and Densified Wood Materials as Sustainable Engineered Wood Products for Construction and Building Applications

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2385
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Use of Northern Hardwoods in Glued-laminated Timber: A Study of Bondline Shear Strength and Resistance to Moisture

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2427
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Moisture
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

9 records – page 1 of 1.