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Design Equations for Dowel Embedment Strength and Withdrawal Resistance for Threaded Fasteners in CLT

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue226
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Kennedy, Shawn
Salenikovich, Alexander
Munoz, Williams
Mohammad, Mohammad
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Keywords
Embedment Strength
Threaded Fasteners
withdrawal resistance
Lag Screws
Self Drilling Screws
Canada
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The Canadian standard for engineering design in wood (CSA O86) adopted the European yield model for calculations of the lateral resistance of connections with dowel-type fasteners. This model takes into account the yielding resistance of the fastener, the assembly's geometry and the embedment strength of wood. The latter is considered a function of the relative density of wood and diameter of the fastener. The purpose of this study is to verify the significance of these variables as applied to the embedment strength for threaded dowel-type fasteners of diameters 6.4 mm and greater in Canadian glulam products. The importance of this research is justified by the growing interest in the use of large-diameter threaded fasteners in heavy timber and hybrid structures of high load-bearing capacity. Based on the results of 960 tests, a new design model for the embedment strength is proposed for potential implementation in CSA O86 standard and the impact of such a change is presented.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Design Equations for Embedment Strength of Wood for Threaded Fasteners in the Canadian Timber Design Code

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue281
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Kennedy, Shawn
Salenikovich, Alexander
Munoz, Williams
Mohammad, Mohammad
Sattler, Derek
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Keywords
Dowel Type Fastener
Lateral Resistance
Yielding Resistance
Embedment Strength
Canada
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The Canadian standard for engineering design in wood (CSA O86) adopted the European yield model for calculations of the lateral resistance of connections with dowel-type fasteners. This model takes into account the yielding resistance of the fastener, the assembly's geometry and the embedment strength of wood. The latter is considered a function of the relative density of wood and diameter of the fastener. The purpose of this study is to verify the significance of these variables as applied to the embedment strength for threaded dowel-type fasteners of diameters 6.4 mm and greater in Canadian glulam products. The importance of this research is justified by the growing interest in the use of large-diameter threaded fasteners in heavy timber and hybrid structures of high load-bearing capacity. Based on the results of 960 tests, a new design model for the embedment strength is proposed for potential implementation in CSA O86 standard and the impact of such a change is presented.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Embedment Strength of Cross-Laminated Timber for Smooth Dowel-type Fasteners

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2118
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Dong, Weiqun
Li, Qiao
Zhang, Hao
Wang, Zhiqiang
Zhou, Jianhui
Gong, Meng
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
France
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Keywords
Fasteners
Embedment Strength
Failure Modes
Embedment Tests
Dowel-Type Connections
Language
English
Conference
International Conference on Advances in Civil Engineering and Materials
Research Status
Complete
Series
MATEC Web of Conferences
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Résistance à l’Enfoncement et à l’Arrachement de Connecteurs Filetés Dans le Bois Lamellé-Collé et Lamellé-Croisé (CLT)

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1144
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Kennedy, Shawn
Organization
Université Laval
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Keywords
dowel embedment strength
Threaded Fasteners
withdrawal resistance
Language
French
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Commercial construction has witnessed a new enthusiasm in the use of timber as primary structural material. Engineered wood products such as glued-laminated timber and cross-laminated timber (CLT) play an important part in this development. These products allow wood construction to reach new heights. However, certain gaps in knowledge need to be filled to attain the full potential of wood construction, especially with regards to connections. First, current equations for dowel embedment strength and withdrawal resistance of fasteners in sawn timber and glued-laminated timber are deficient. Secondly, no design methods are provided for dowel embedment strength or withdrawal resistance of fasteners in cross-laminated timber in the 2009 edition of Canadian standard for engineering design in wood CSA O86-09 (2009). For these reasons, the goals of the research project are established in three main objectives: -Develop a design equation for withdrawal resistance for threaded fasteners in sawn timber and glued-laminated timber; -Evaluate the performance of dowel embedment equations for sawn timber and glued-laminated timber from different international standards, and determine the influence of variables on their accuracy; -Develop equations for dowel embedment strength and withdrawal resistance of fasteners in cross-laminated timber. After the compilation of results and analysis of withdrawal and embedment tests with threaded fasteners on sawn timber, glued-laminated and cross-laminated timber, the most accurate design models for each product were proposed. Each proposal includes an impact study showing the influence of the proposed design models, in case of adoption in the next edition of the CSA O86 standard.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Timber Trusses Made of European Beech LVL

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1527
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Trusses
Author
Kobel, Peter
Frangi, Andrea
Steiger, René
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Trusses
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Europe
Beech
Dowel-Type Connections
Ductile Failure
Embedment Tests
Embedment Strength
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 667-674
Summary
This paper presents an experimental and analytical investigation on the application of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) made of European beech wood (fagus sylvatica L.) in timber truss structures. Particular focus is laid on developing improved design approaches for dowel-type connections and on promoting ductile failure behaviour, as the connections in timber trusses are generally governing the performance of the whole structure. Embedment tests were carried out in order to assess the embedment strength values for beech LVL, which are necessary to design dowel-type connections. The results showed higher values for beech LVL, as compared to estimations using existing formulas from design codes. A series of tensile connection tests showed that, using cross-layered beech LVL, ductile dowel-type connections with high load-carrying capacities can be designed, given that premature brittle failures are prevented. Lastly, tests on full truss structures confirmed that the favourable behaviour of dowel-type connections in cross-layered beech LVL can be implemented in truss systems, improving the global behaviour of the whole structural element.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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