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Alternate Load-Path Analysis for Mid-Rise Mass-Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1233
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Author
Mpidi Bita, Hercend
Tannert, Thomas
Organization
Structures Congress
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Keywords
Alternate Load-Path Analysis
Disproportionate Collapse
Lateral Loads
Language
English
Conference
Structures Conference 2018
Research Status
Complete
Notes
April 19–21, 2018, Fort Worth, Texas
Summary
This paper presents an investigation of possible disproportionate collapse for a nine-storey flat-plate timber building, designed for gravity and lateral loads. The alternate load-path analysis method is used to understand the structural response under various removal speeds. The loss of the corner and penultimate ground floor columns are the two cases selected to investigate the contribution of the cross-laminated timber (CLT) panels and their connections, towards disproportionate collapse prevention. The results show that the proposed building is safe for both cases, if the structural elements are removed at a speed slower than 1 sec. Disproportionate collapse is observed for sudden element loss, as quicker removal speed require higher moments resistance, especially at the longitudinal and transverse CLT floor-to-floor connections. The investigation also emphasises the need for strong and stiff column-to-column structural detailing as the magnitude of the vertical downward forces, at the location of the removed columns, increases for quicker removal.
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Alternative Load Path Analyses for Mid-Rise Post and Beam Mass Timber Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2448
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Columns
Beams

A holistic framework for designing for structural robustness in tall timber buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2853
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Other Materials
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Voulpiotis, Konstantinos
Köhler, Jochen
Jockwer, Robert
Frangi, Andrea
Organization
ETH Zurich
National Technical University of Norway
Chalmers University of Technology
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2021
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Norway
Sweden
Format
Journal Article
Material
Other Materials
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Robustness
Tall Timber Buildings
Disproportionate Collapse
Reliability
System Effects
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Engineering Structures
Summary
With the ever-increasing popularity of engineered wood products, larger and more complex structures made of timber have been built, such as new tall timber buildings of unprecedented height. Designing for structural robustness in tall timber buildings is still not well understood due the complex properties of timber and the difficulty in testing large assemblies, making the prediction of tall timber building behaviour under damage very difficult. This paper discusses briefly the existing state-of-the-art and suggests the next step in considering robustness holistically. Qualitatively, this is done by introducing the concept of scale, that is to consider robustness at multiple levels within a structure: in the whole structure, compartments, components, connections, connectors, and material. Additionally, considering both local and global exposures is key in coming up with a sound conceptual design. Quantitatively, the method to calculate the robustness index in a building is presented. A novel framework to quantify robustness and find the optimal structural solution is presented, based on the calculation of the scenario probability-weighted average robustness indices of various design options of a building. A case study example is also presented in the end.
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Free
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Modelling Alternative Load Paths in Platform-Framed CLT Buildings: A Finite Element Approach

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2113
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Huber, Johannes
Publisher
Luleå University of Technology
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Sweden
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Robustness
Finite Element Method
Disproportionate Collapse
Alternative Load Paths
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
ISBN
978-91-7790-340-6
ISSN
978-91-7790-341-3
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Structural Robustness and Timber Buildings - A Review

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2173
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Huber, Johannes
Ekevad, Mats
Girhammar, Ulf
Berg, Sven
Organization
Luleå University of Technology
Publisher
Taylor&Francis Online
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Robustness
Disproportionate Collapse
Progressive Collapse
Alternative Load Path
Damage Tolerance
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Wood Material Science & Engineering
Summary
Timber buildings are increasing in their dimensions. Structural robustness is imperative for all buildings and specifically important for tall buildings. Lives can be saved if disproportionate collapse can be avoided after a catastrophic event (e.g. accident, terrorism). The literature about robustness is comprehensive concerning concrete and steel buildings, but is rather limited regarding timber. This paper reviews robustness in general and robustness of timber buildings in particular. Robustness is an intrinsic structural property, enhancing global tolerance to local failures, regardless of the cause. A deterministic approach to assess robustness is to remove certain load-bearing elements from the structure and compare the consequences to given limits. Design methods for robustness may be direct by assessing effects of local failure, or indirect by following guidelines. For robust timber buildings, the connections are the key aspects. Usually, metal connectors may provide the required joint ductility. For robust light timber-frame construction, rim beams may be designed. For timber posts and beams and cross laminated timber, guidance regarding robustness is scarce, but in some aspects they seem to be similar to steel frames and precast concrete. Future research should assess the capacity of connections, and evaluate the adequacy of seismic connectors for robust timber buildings.
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Free
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